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Number of items: 387.

A

Abackerli, A J; Butler, B P; Cox, M G (1999) Application of data fusion techniques to thermometry data. NPL Report. CISE 20/99

Adamson, D (1999) Further investigation into phase-noise uncertainties. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Adamson, D (1999) A possible alternative method of making traceable phase noise measurements. IEE Colloq. Dig., 0008. 7/1-6.

Al-Abed, B*; Timmins, R*; Webster, G A*; Loveday, M S (1999) Validation of a code of practise for notched bar creep rupture testing: procedures and interpretation of data for design. Mater. High Temp., 16 (3). pp. 143-158.

Alexander, M J (1999) Development of new measurement methods and limits for EMC compliance testing in smaller relatively inexpensive fully anechoic rooms. In: 13th International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, February 1999, Zurich, Switzerland.

Alexander, M J (1999) Testing comes in from the cold. IEE Review (Novemb). pp. 265-267.

Alexander, M J (1999) The measurement and use of free-space antenna factors in EMC applications. In: 13th International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, February 1999, Zurich, Switzerland.

Alexander, M J (1999) The use of fully anechoic rooms for full compliance EMC testing. IEE Conf. Publ., 464. pp. 70-76.

Alink, A*; Milton, M J T (1999) Comparisons of primary gas standards. Metrologia, 36 (2). pp. 155-158.

Alink, A*; Milton, M J T (1999) International comparison of primary standard gas mixtures. Metrologia, 36 (2). pp. 155-158.

Allen, C R G; Hobbs, C B (1999) Thermal properties of polymers part 1: industrial guide to measurement by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). NPL Report. CMMT(MN)058

Allen, C R G; Tomlins, P E (1999) The influence of shear history on the crystallization behaviour of talc filled polypropylenes. NPL Report. CMMT(A)182

Allen, P*; Butler, B P; Cook, H R; Lord, G J; Pardo, E; Smith, I M; Tomlins, P E (1999) The influence of processing conditions on the dimensional stability of pigmented mouldings. NPL Report. CMMT(A)194

Andrews, A S; Butterfield, D M; Robinson, R A; Odesola, L R (1999) Summary of UK Ambient Hydrocarbon Air Quality Network operations during 1998. NPL Report. COEM 36

Arnaut, L R (1999) Correction model for nonuniform gap distributions in parallel-plate dielectric resonator measurements. NPL Report. CEM 13

Arnaut, L R (1999) Ensemble decimation factors for reverberation chamber stirrer data. NPL Report. CETM 12

Arnaut, L R (1999) Stadium reverberation chamber for high-intensity Isotropic field EMC testing at microwave frequencies. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Arnaut, L R (1999) Untuned 3D stadium reverbation chamber for microwave and millimeter-wave frequencies. In: 1999 Mode-stirred Chamber, Anechoic Chamber and OATS Users Meeting, 3-9 June 1999, Northbrook, IL, USA.

Arnaut, L R; West, P D (1999) Electric field probe measurements in the NPL untuned stadium reverberation chamber. NPL Report. CETM 13

Ascroft, J T (1999) Developments in coaxial power standards at NPL. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 48 (2). pp. 647-649.

Awan, S A; Giblin, S P; Chua, S W*; Hartland, A; Kibble, B P (1999) Summary of recent AC QHR measurements at the National Physical Laboratory. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Awan, S A; Kibble, B P; Robinson, I A (1999) Towards calibration of IVDs up to 1 MHz using permuting capacitors method. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

B

Barham, R G (1999) The feasibility of using calibration methods recently developed for working standard microphones in the calibration of audiometric reference couplers and artificial ears. NPL Report. CMAM 35

Bartholomew, J G; Hall, M J; Drake, A E; Henderson, L C A (1999) Magnetization and measurement of high energy permanent magnet materials. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Bartholomew, J G; Jones, R G; Spellman, T J (1999) Calibration of voltage transformer test sets using a digital sampling wattmeter. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Bartlett, D J*; Tanner, R J*; Thomas, D J (1999) Active neutron personal dosemeters - a review of current status. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 86 (2). pp. 107-122.

Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Huang, G; Klein, H A (1999) Development of an optical frequency standard based upon the 2S1/2-2D5/2 transition in Sr+. In: 13th EFTF/ 1999 IEEE FCS Conference Proceedings, 1999.

Barwood, G P; Huang, G; Klein, H A; Gill, P; Clarke, R B M* (1999) Sub-kHz comparison of the single-ion optical-clock 2S1/2 - 2D5/2 transition in two 88Sr+ traps. Phys. Rev. A, At. Mol. Opt. Phys., 59. R3178-81

Bayliss, D J; Downes, S (1999) The modification and re-assessmant of the NPL 1kg solid density apparatus. NPL Report. CMAM 28

Bell, S A (1999) Study of conceptual design for flow-mixing stage of low-range humidity standard generator. NPL Report. CMAM 39

Bell, S A (1999) A beginner's guide to uncertainty of measurement. In: National Measurement Conference (NMC) 1999, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton. UK.

Belliss, J H (1999) EUROMET Project Reference No. 345. Intercomparison of 10 pF and 100 pF capacitance standards. NPL Report. CEM 7

Benson, J M (1999) Photonics Metrology: April 1998 to March 2001. Projects contracted to the National Physical Laboratory. First annual progress report: April 1998 to March 1999. NPL Report. COEM 28

Berry, B F; Jiggins, M (1999) An inventory of UK research on noise and health from 1994 to 1999. NPL Report. CMAM 40

Berry, B F; Jiggins, M; Porter, N D*; Flindell, I H* (1999) Can we base environmental noise standards on health effects? Proc. Inst. Acoust., 21 (7). pp. 35-42.

Berry, B F; Kennell, P; Cain, M G (1999) Foresight associated programmes at the National Physical Laboratory. In: National Measurement Conference (NMC) 1999, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Berry, B F; Porter, N D; Flindell, I H (1999) Health effect based noise assessment methods. Acoust. Bull., 24 (1). pp. 13-16.

Billington, R (1999) Measurement methods for stimulated Raman and Brillouin scattering in optical fibres. NPL Report. COEM 31

Billington, R (1999) An assessment of four techniques for measuring the effective area of optical fibres. NPL Report. COEM 34

Billington, R (1999) A report of four-wave mixing in optical fibre and its metrological applications. NPL Report. COEM 24

Blaauw, M*; Garcia-Torano, E*; Woods, S; Fazinic, S* (1999) The 1997 IAEA Intercomparison of commercially available PC-based software for Alpha-particle spectrometry. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A, Accel. Spectrom. Detec. Assoc. Equip., 428 (2-3). pp. 317-329.

Boyes, S J; Bell, S A (1999) Assessment of fundamental data used in humidity metrology. NPL Report. CMAM 42

Brooks, R F; Day, A (1999) Observations of the effects of oxide skins on the oscillations of electromagnetically levitated metal droplets. Int. J. Thermophysics., 20 (4). pp. 1041-1050.

Broughton, W R (1999) Creep testing of adhesive joints analysis of creep rupture data. NPL Report. CMMT(A)195

Broughton, W R (1999) Project PAJ3 - Combined cyclic loading and hostile environments 1996-1999. Report no 19. Project PAJ3: final report. NPL Report. CMMT(A)237

Broughton, W R (1999) Test methods for assessing durability performance of adhesive joints. NPL Report. CMMT(A)208

Broughton, W R; Hinopoulos, G (1999) Evaluation of the single-lap joint using finite element analysis. NPL Report. CMMT(A)206

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M J (1999) Cyclic fatigue of continuous unidirectional polymer matrix composites: an interim report. NPL Report. CMMT(A)186

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M J; Maudgal, S (1999) Environmental degradation of unidirectional polmer matrix composites: an interim report. NPL Report. CMMT(A)187

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M J; Sims, G D (1999) Validation of procedures for ultrasonic C-scan inspection of PMCs: UK round-robin. NPL Report. CMMT(A)179

Broughton, W R; Mera, R D (1999) Cyclic fatigue testing of adhesive joints : environmental effects. NPL Report. CMMT(A)192

Broughton, W R; Mera, R D (1999) Environmental degradation of adhesive joints: accelerated testing. NPL Report. CMMT(A)197

Broughton, W R; Mera, R D; Hinopoulos, G (1999) Creep testing of adhesive joints T-peel test. NPL Report. CMMT(A)193

Broughton, W R; Mera, R D; Hinopoulos, G (1999) Cyclic fatigue testing of adhesive joints: test method assessment. NPL Report. CMMT(A)191

Broughton, W R; Mera, R D; Hinopoulos, G (1999) Environmental degradation of adhesive joints: single-lap joint geometry. NPL Report. CMMT(A)196

Burns, J E (1999) Radiographic exposure slide rules. Br. J. Radiol., 72 (853). pp. 48-54.

Butler, B P; Cox, M G; Forbes, A B; Harris, P M; Lord, G (1999) Model validation in the context of metrology: a survey. NPL Report. CISE 19/99

Butler, B P; Cox, M G; Harris, P M (1999) Testing spreadsheets and other packages used in Metrology. Report on discussions with other National Measurement Institutes (1998/1999). NPL Report. CISE 21/99

Butler, B P; Harris, P M (1999) Software Support for Metrology: interim status report on the acoustics area. NPL Report. CISE 37/99

Butler, B P; Music, V; Redgrave, F J (1999) Influence of orifice geometry on the simplification of transmission probability calculations. Vacuum, 53 (1-2). pp. 163-166.

C

Cain, M G; Lay, L; Morrell, R (1999) Surface roughness measurement of engineering ceramics - results of an interlaboratory evaluation. Institute of Materials Conference Series, 718 (2). pp. 563-564.

Cain, M G; Stewart, M (1999) Measurement and assessment of degradation in monolithic and multilayer piezoelectric ceramics. Institute of Materials, 718 (1). pp. 85-86.

Cain, M G; Stewart, M; Gee, M G (1999) Degradation of piezoelectric materials. NPL Report. CMMT(A)148

Cain, M G; Stewart, M; Gee, M G (1999) Real time evaluation of piezoelectric materials. NPL Report. CMMT(A)149

Chakravorty, S (1999) Specification of pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) measurements relevant to industrial polymer processing. NPL Report. CMMT(A)244

Chakravorty, S (1999) The properties of waxes used in the investment casting industry: Final report. NPL Report. CMMT(A)245

Chakravorty, S (1999) A review of requirements for improved methods of measuring thermal properties of polymer. NPL Report. CMMT(A)246

Chapman, L; Day, A; Quested, P N (1999) Reference materials for calibration of temperatures in DTA/DSC instruments. NPL Report. CMMT(A)157

Chorley, B J (1999) Software Support for Metrology: interim status report on the time and frequency area. NPL Report. CISE 36/99

Chu, B; Machin, G (1999) A low-temperature blackbody reference source to -40oC. Meas. Sci. Technol., 10 (1). pp. 1-6.

Ciocanel, M; Keightley, J D; Scott, C J; Woods, M J (1999) Intercomparison of 131I solution and capsule sources in UK hospitals, 1999. NPL Report. CIRM 31

Clarke, J D; Davis, J A; Laverty, J R (1999) The BIPM/IGS pilot project: a model for high accuracy time dissemination in the future. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Clarke, J D; Davis, J A; Lowe, A J (1999) Characterisation of NPL's geodetic GPS time transfer receivers. In: Proc. 1999 Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, 13-16 April 1999, Besancon, France.

Clarke, P J; Hanson, A R; Verrill, J F (1999) Determination of colorimetric uncertainties in the spectrophotometric measurement of colour. Anal. Chim. Acta, 380. pp. 277-284.

Cook, H R; Cox, M G; Dainton, M P; Harris, P M (1999) Testing spreadsheets and other packages used in metrology: a case study. NPL Report. CISE 26/99

Cook, H R; Cox, M G; Dainton, M P; Harris, P M (1999) Testing spreadsheets and other packages used in metrology: testing the intrinsic functions of Excel. NPL Report. CISE 27/99

Cook, H R; Cox, M G; Dainton, M P; Harris, P M (1999) A methodology for testing spreadsheets and other packages used in metrology. NPL Report. CISE 25/99

Cooper, A (1999) Guidance and tools for interactive web pages. NPL Report. CISE 41/99

Cox, M G (1999) Roundness measurement to ultra-high accuracy mathematical-modelling techniques. In: National Measurement Conference (NMC) 1999, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Cox, M G (1999) Software Support for Metrology: interim status report on the software activities world-wide. NPL Report. CISE 40/99

Cox, M G (1999) A discussion of approaches for determining a reference value in the analysis of key-comparison data. NPL Report. CISE 42/99

Cox, M G; Dainton, M; Harris, P M; Ridler, N M (1999) The evaluation of uncertainties in the analysis of calibration data. In: IMTC '99. Proc. 16th IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, 24-26 May 1999, Venice, Italy.

Cox, M G; Dainton, M; Harris, P M; Ridler, N M; Young, P R (1999) A generalised treatment of the uncertainty in calibration and measurement of vector-indicating microwave reflectometers. NPL Report. CETM 10

Cox, M G; Dainton, M; Harris, P M; Wichmann, B (1999) Survey report on testing spreadsheets and other packages used in metrology from the UK software support for metrology programme. NPL Report. CISE 22/99

Cox, M G; Forbes, A B (1999) Strategies for testing form assessment software. NPL Report. DITC 211/92

Crocker, L E; Duncan, B C; Hughes, R G; Urquhart, J M (1999) Hyperelastic modelling of flexible adhesives. NPL Report. CMMT(A)183

Cumpson, P J (1999) Angle-resolved XPS depth-profiling strategies. Appl. Surf. Sci., 144-14. pp. 16-20.

D

Dainton, M P (1999) Software Support for Metrology: interim status report on the photonics area. NPL Report. CISE 32/99

Dary, F-C*; Roebuck, B; Gee, M G (1999) Effects of microstructure on the thermo-mechanical fatigue response of hardmetals using a new miniaturzed testing rig. Int. J. Refrac. Hard Mat., 17 (1-3). pp. 45-53.

Davidson, S (1999) An assessment of commercial mass comparators for the effects of magnetic and magnetically susceptible weights. NPL Report. CMAM 32

Davis, J A; Rougeaux, B (1999) The development of a computer model of a GPS disciplined oscillator to aid error budget determination. In: Proc. 1999 Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, 13-16 April 1999, Besancon, France.

Dean, G (1999) The guide to the preparation and testing of bulk specimens. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 17

Dean, G; Crocker, L E (1999) Project PAJ2. Report No 10. A proposed failure criterion for tough adhesives. NPL Report. CMMT(A)158

Dean, G; Lord, G; Duncan, B C (1999) Comparison of the measured and predicted performance of adhesive joints under impact. NPL Report. CMMT(A)198

Dean, G; Read, B E; Duncan, B C (1999) Project PAJ2, Report No. 7, An evaluation of yield criteria for adhesives for finite element analysis. NPL Report. CMMT(A)117

Delahaye, F*; Kibble, B P; Zarka, A*; Pierz, K* (1999) Current-sharing in a quantum hall device used for AC measurements. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Dowson, S P (1999) Uncertainties of measurement and IEC 61672. In: Conference Proceedings of the Joint ASA/EAA Meeting, March 1999, Berlin, Germany.

DuSautoy, A R (1999) NPL calorimetry: the evolution so far. In: Proceedings of Calorimetry Workshop, December 1999.

Dudley, R A; Roddie, A G; Bannister, D J; Gifford, A D; Krems, T*; Facon, P* (1999) Electro-optic S-parameter and electric-field profiling measurement of microwave integrated circuits. IEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Technol., 146 (3). pp. 117-122.

Dudley, R A; Rodriguez-Llorente, F; Roddie, A G (1999) Non-invasive measurement of MMICS using electro-optic techniques from 100MHz - 60GHz. IEE Colloq. Dig., 0008. 4/1-6.

Duncan, B C (1999) Comparison between rheological and bulk specimen tests for creep and stress relaxation properties. NPL Report. CMMT(A)184

Duncan, B C (1999) Preparation of bulk adhesive test specimens. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)057

Duncan, B C (1999) Project PAJ1: final report. NPL Report. CMMT(A)232

Duncan, B C (1999) Test methods for determining hyperelastic properties of flexible adhesives. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)054

Duncan, B C; Abbott, S G*; Roberts, R A* (1999) Adhesive tack. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 26

Duncan, B C; Lay, LA (1999) An intercomparison of tack measurements. NPL Report. CMMT(A)176

Duncan, B C; Maxwell, A S (1999) Measurement methods for time-dependent properties of flexible adhesives. NPL Report. CMMT(A)178

Duncan, B C; Maxwell, A S; Crocker, L E; Hunt, R A (1999) Verification of hyperelastic test methods. NPL Report. CMMT(A)226

Duncan, B C; Ogilvie-Robb, K (1999) Assessment of the correlation between tack and visco-elasticity. NPL Report. CMMT(A)190

Duncan, B C; Ogilvie-Robb, K (1999) Creep of flexible adhesive joints. NPL Report. CMMT(A)225

Duncan, B C; Pearce, A (1999) Comparison of impact and high rate tests for determining properties of adhesives and polymers needed for design under impact loading. NPL Report. CMMT(A)134

Dusek, M; Hunt, C (1999) The impact of solderability on reliability and yield of surface mount assembly. NPL Report. CMMT(A)214

Dusek,M,, ; Hunt, C (1999) Optimum pad design and solder joint shape for reliability. NPL Report. CMMT(A)215

E

Edwards, C S; Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Rowley, W R C (1999) A 633nm iodine-stabilised diode laser frequency standard. Metrologia, 36 (1). pp. 41-45.

Edwards, C S; Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Schirmer, B*; Venzke, H*; Melling, A* (1999) Development of an IR tunable diode laser absorption spectrometer for trace humidity measurements at atmospheric pressure. Appl. Opt., 38 (21). pp. 4699-4704.

Elkington, D (1999) The performance of portable extensometer calibration rigs. NPL Report. CMAM 45

Esward, T J; Robinson, S P (1999) Extending the frequency range of the NPL primary standard laser interferometer for hydrophone calibrations to 60MHz. IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Feroelectr. Freq. Control, 46 (3). pp. 737-744.

F

Finegold, L*; Schomer, P*; von Gierke, H*; Berry, B F (1999) Proposal for monitoring worldwide noise exposure and assessing the effectiveness of national noise control policies and regulations. In: Proc. Internoise 99, 1999, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA.

Fletcher, N E; Williams, J M (1999) A CCC resistance bridge for the range 10 kO to a GO. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Forbes, A B (1999) Geometric tolerance assessment. NPL Report. DITC 210/92

Forbes, A B (1999) Software support for metrology: Interim status report on the length area. NPL Report. CISE 29/99

French, G; Ridler, N M (1999) A primary national standard millimetric waveguide S-parameter measurements. Microw. Eng. Eur. (Octobe). pp. 29-32.

French, G J (1999) A primary national impedance standard from 75 GHz to 110 GHz. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

French, G J (1999) A primary national impedence standard from 75 GHz to 110 GHz in metallic waveguide. Microw. Eng. Eur. (Octobe). pp. 27-34.

Fry, A; Monaghan, P; Rides, M (1999) Measurement of reactive polymer systems. NPL Report. CMMT(A)224

Fry, A T; Brown, C S (1999) Measurement methods relating to the processing of plastics: the measurement of reactive polymer systems. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)047

G

Gallop, J C; Hao, L (1999) Applications of coupled dielectric resonators using SrTiO3 pucks: tuneable resonators and Novel thermometry. In: Proc. Joint Meeting EFTF-IEEE FCS, 1999.

Gant, A J; Morrell, R (1999) CPD3 T3: Thermal cycling and mechanical properties of a unidirectional titanium matrix composite and a cross-ply ceramic matrix composite. NPL Report. CMMT(A)188

Garcia-Torano, E*; Crespo, M T*; Woods, S; Blaauw, M*; Fazinic, S* (1999) The 1997 IAEA test spectra for alpha-particle spectrometry. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A, Accel. Spectrom. Detec. Assoc. Equip., 428 (2-3). pp. 330-335.

Gardiner, T D; Howieson, I; Swann, N R W; Hansford, G (1999) A lightweight high-sensitivity laser spectrometer for the measurement of trace stratospheric species. In: Lasers and Electro-Optics 1999 (CLEO 99), 23-28 May 1999, Baltimore, USA.

Gee, M G; Fang, L*; Roebuck, B (1999) Mechanisms of wear in the high stress abrasion of WC/Co hardmetals. In: EURO PM99, 8-10 November 1999, Turin.

Gee, M G; Gant, A; Byrne, W P; Roebuck, B (1999) Abrasion and reciprocating wear of hardmetals and ceramics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)166

Gee, M G; Gant, A; Van der Berg, L (1999) Fine scale abrasion testing of hardmetals and ceramics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)175

Gee, M G; Roebuck, B (1999) Tungsten carbide for abrasion resistant applications. In: Proceedings IMechE Conference on Powder Metallurgy Materials for Tribology, 17 September 1999, London, UK.

Gee, M G; van den Berg, L (1999) Low load multiple scratch tests for ceramics and hardmetals. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)045

Giblin, S P; Hartland, A; Williams, J M (1999) Measurement of very high leakage resistance in 1 pF cryogenic capacitors using a set detector. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Giblin, S P; Williams, J M (1999) New techniques for transferring electrical quantities; the AC quantum Hall effect as an impedence standard. IEE Seminar, 1999/0. 8/1-3.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (1999) Static SIMS - metastable decay and peak intensities. Appl. Surf. Sci., 144-14. pp. 26-30.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (1999) Static SIMS: ion detection efficiencies in a channel electron multiplier. Appl. Surf. Sci., 144-14. pp. 113-117.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P; Johnstone, J E (1999) Static SIMS: towards unfragmented mass spectra - the G-SIMS procedure. In: 12th International Conference on Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS), September 1999, Brussels, Belgium.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P; Johnstone, J E (1999) Static SIMS: towards unfragmented mass spectra - the G_SIMS procedure. In: SIMS XII Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry, 5-10 September 1999, Brussels, Belgium.

Godbear, D (1999) Aqueous and high temperature corrosion sections. Bibliography of publications: 1983-1998. NPL Report. CMMT(A)145

Goldman, A*; Patton-Walsh, C; Bell, W; Toon, G C*; Blavier, J F*; Sen, B*; Coffey, MT*; Hannigan, J W*; Mankin, W G* (1999) Network for the detection of stratospheric change fourier transform infrared intercomparison at Table Mountain Facility, November 1996. J. Geophys. Res., 104 (D23). pp. 30481-30503.

Goodman, T M; Rayner, D (1999) Software Support for Metrology: interim status report on the optical radiation area. NPL Report. CISE 33/99

Goodman, T M; Toivanen, P*; Nyberg, H*; Ikonen, E* (1999) International comparison of luminous intensity units between the NPL (UK) and the HUT (Finland). Metrologia, 36 (1). pp. 15-18.

Gower, M R L; Broughton, W R (1999) Fractographic analysis of adhesive joints. NPL Report. CMMT(A)205

Gower, M R L; Sims, G D (1999) Determining the skin-to-core bond strength of sandwich constructions. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)044

Green, S; Hunt, C (1999) Influence of rework conditions on microstructure in tin-lead solder joints. NPL Report. CMMT(A)216

Green, S; Lea, D; Hunt, C (1999) Solderability measurements with lead-free alloys. NPL Report. CMMT(A)213

Gregory, A P; Etzel, S; Clarke, R N (1999) Traceable measurements of the static permittivity of dielectric reference liquids at temperatures from 5 to 50ºC using a micrometer driven admittance cell. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Griffin, R*; Pope, P*; Fletcher, N E; Williams, J M (1999) A comparison of cryogenic current comparator resistance bridges and quantised hall resistance standards at NPL. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Griffiths, A J; Mercer, A D; Turnbull, A (1999) Test methods for corrosion inhibitors. Technical Report. NPL, UK.

Griffiths, A J; Turnbull, A (1999) Corrosion testing of welds. Technical Report. NPL, UK.

Gunn, D; Walker, K (1999) Intercomparison of force standards between NPL, NIM and SCL. NPL Report. CMAM 33

Gunn, D A (1999) Intercomparison of force standards between NPL and CSIRO. NPL Report. CMAM 38

Gupta, B L*; Bhat, R M*; Narayan, G R*; Nilekani, S R*; Sharpe, P H G; Crossley, D C (1999) Dose intercomparison between BARC (India) and NPL (UK) using glutamine (spectrophotometric readout) and dichromate dosimeters. Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54. pp. 301-305.

H

Hall, M; Drake, A E; Henderson, L C A (1999) Guidance notes for use with NPL low relative magnetic permeability reference materials. NPL Report. CEM 12

Hanes, P (1999) DAT'll be the day. Acoust. Bull., 24 (5). p. 37.

Hanes, P (1999) Measurement of the free-field sensitivity of a working standard microphone using the MLS technique. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, 1999.

Hanson, A R; Verrill, J F (1999) Study of the dependency of spectral radiance factor and colorimetric values on geometric tolerances. Anal. Chim. Acta, 380. pp. 363-367.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C (1999) Spatially resolved measurements of HTS microwave surface impedance. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 9 (2). pp. 1944-1947.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Lacey, D*; Davis, L* (1999) Fine tuning of high Q HTS shielded resonators using HTS coated STO pucks. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 9 (2). pp. 2870-2873.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Macfarlane, J C*; Carr, C* (1999) HTS SQUID current comparator for ion beam measurements. Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser., 167 (2). pp. 445-448.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Macfarlane, J C*; Peden, D A*; Pegrum, C M* (1999) High temperature superconducting devices for absolute noise thermometry. In: National Measurement Conference (NMC) 1999, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Macfarlane, J C*; Peden, D A*; Pengrum, C M* (1999) Simulations and experiments on HTS resistive SQUIDs. Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser., 167 (2). pp. 469-472.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Macfarlane, J C*; Peden, D A*; Reed, R P (1999) The quantum roulette noise thermometer. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 48 (2). pp. 659-662.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Reed, R P; Peden, D A*; Macfarlane, J C* (1999) HTS SQUID application as a quantum roulette noise thermometer. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 9 (2). pp. 2971-2974.

Hao, L; Klein, N*; Gallop, J C; Winter, M* (1999) Compact temperature-compensated cryogenic whispering gallery made resonator operated at 63 K in a closed cycle cooler. In: Proc. Joint Meeting EFTF-IEEE FCS, 1999.

Hao, L; Klein, N*; Redcliffe, W J*; Gallop, J C; Ghosh, I S* (1999) Temperature compensated cryogenic whispering gallery mode resonator for microwave frequency standard applications. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 48 (2). pp. 524-527.

Hardcastle, W A; Ellison, S L R*; Rayner, D (1999) Software Support for Metrology: interim status report on the valid analytical measurements area. NPL Report. CISE 39/99

Harris, P M (1999) Software Support for Metrology: interim status report for the mass area. NPL Report. CISE 30/99

Harris, P M (1999) Software Support for Metrology: interim status report on the electrical area. NPL Report. CISE 31/99

Hase, F*; Blumenstock, T*; Paton Walsh, C (1999) Analysis of the instrumental line shape of high-resolution Fourier transform IR spectrometers with gas cell measurements and new retrieval software. Appl. Opt., 38 (15). pp. 3417-3422.

Hay, M*; Simpson, D (1999) Development of high-line differential pressure standards. NPL Report. CMAM 41

Hembd-Solner, C*; Stevens, R F; Hutley, M C (1999) Imaging properties of the Gabor superlens. J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., 1. pp. 94-102.

Henderson, D; Whibberley, P B; Szymaniec, K; Lea, S N (1999) Towards a caesium fountain frequency standard at NPL. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Henderson, L C A; Hall, M; Bartholomew, J; Drake, A E; Harmon, S (1999) Are your magnetic measurements really traceable: an introduction to NPL's capabilities. CalLab Mag., 6 (2). pp. 26-32.

Henderson, L C A; Hall, M J; Sievert, J D*; Stanbury, H J* (1999) International comparison summary report: measurements on electrical sheet steels. Metrologia, 36. pp. 481-484.

Henderson, L C A; Williams, J (1999) A guide to measuring resistance and impedance below 1 MHz. IEE Colloq. Dig., 019. 1/1-2.

Hinopoulos, G; Broughton, W R (1999) Evaluation of the T-peel joint using the finite element method. NPL Report. CMMT(A)207

Hinopoulos, G; Broughton, W R (1999) An improved modelling approach to moisture absorption in adhesive joints using the finite element method. NPL Report. CMMT(A)204

Hobbs, C B; Brown, C S (1999) Pressure/Volume/Temperature (PVT) behaviour of polymers during ultrafast cooling. NPL Report. CMMT(A)163

Hunt, C (1999) Palladium finished components and the impact on defect levels. In: 12th European Microelectronics and Packaging Conference Proceedings, 7-9 June 1999, Harrogate, UK.

Hunt, C; Zou, L (1999) Development of a new surface insulation resistance (SIR) test method. NPL Report. CMMT(A)235

Hunt, C; Zou, L (1999) The impact of temperature and humidity conditions on surface insulation resistance (SIR) values for various fluxes. Journal of Soldering and Surface Mount Technology, 11 (1). pp. 36-43.

Hunt, C P; Wickham, M (1999) Stencil printing codes of practice. NPL Report. CMMT(A)165

Hunt, T; Harrison, N J (1999) Ultraviolet radiation: current instrumentation and methodology. NPL Report. COEM 26

Hutley, M C; Stevens, R F (1999) Optical inspection of arrays and periodic structures using moire magnification. IEE Colloq. Dig., 199. 14/20-39

I

Ide, J P (1999) International comparison GT-RF/83-4: measurements of scattering coefficients over the band 2-18GHz. NPL Report. CEM 15

J

Janik, D*; Ascroft, J T; Clark, R F* (1999) Measurement techniques and results of an intercomparison for RF power in a 3.5 mm coaxial line up to 26 GHz. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 48 (2). pp. 166-168.

Janssen, T J B M; Hartland, A (1999) Single electron transport in a one-dimensional channel. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Jarvis, D (1999) Sound measurements. Metrologia, 36 (4). pp. 249-256.

Jones, R G; Roddie, A G; Smith, A J A; Wright, P S (1999) Calibration of digital recorders to EN 601083-1. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

K

Kandil, F A (1999) Potential ambiguity in the determination of the plastic strain range component in LCF testing. Int. J. Fatigue, 21 (10). pp. 1013-1018.

Kandil, F A (1999) A method for the verification of alignment of uniaxial test systems. In: National Measurement Conference (NMC) 1999, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Kearney, A (1999) Provision of technology transfer clubs for pressure, humidity and mechanical metrology. ITT no. MPU8/45.7. April 1997 to September 1999. NPL Report. CMAM 44

Kelly, G (1999) Data fusion: from primary metrology to process measurement. In: IMTC/99 Proc. 16th IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conf., 24-26 May 1999, Venice, Italy.

Kibble, B P (1999) Four terminal-pair to anything else! IEE Colloq. Dig., 1999/0. 6/1-6.

Kibble, B P; Williams, J M; Henderson, L C A; Atreed, D*; Bramley, P*; Cook, J*; Crisp, P*; Cronin, L*; Knight, B*; Outram, S*; Skinner, D*; Williams, B* (1999) A guide to measuring resistance and impedance below 1 MHz. Technical Report. Institute of Measurement and Control / National Physical Laboratory.

Klein, H A; Knight, D J E (1999) A study of ultra-stable optical clocks, frequency sources and standards for space applications. NPL Report. CBTLM 2

Kleinschmidt, P; Williams, J M (1999) A cryogenic current comparator bridge for frequencies up to 100 Hz. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Knee, P C (1999) Investigation of the uniformity and ageing of integrating spheres. Anal. Chim. Acta, 380. pp. 391-399.

Knott, A J (1999) Uncertainty of force generation for forces above 1.2MN. NPL Report. CMAM 47

Kojima, T*; Tachibana, H*; Haneda, N*; Kawashima, I*; Sharpe, P H G (1999) Uncertainty estimation in 60Co gamma-ray dosimetry at JAERI involving a two-way dose intercomparison study with NPL in the dose range 1-50kGy. Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54. pp. 619-626.

Kolkowski, P; Thomas, D J (1999) Measurement of the fast neutron component in the beam of the NPL Thermal Neutron Column using a Bonner sphere spectrometer. NPL Report. CIRM 28

L

Laverty, J R (1999) Time and frequency dissemination in the UK. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Lea, S N; Huang, G; Margolis, H S; Macfarlane, G M; Taylor, P; Gill, P (1999) Optical frequency synthesis in the near IR with application to trapped ion standards. In: Proc. 1999 Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symp., 13-16 April 1999, Besancon, France.

Lea, S N; Macfarlane, G M; Gill, P (1999) Progress towards an optical frequency chain at NPL. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 48 (2). pp. 578-582.

Leach, R K (1999) Calibration, traceability and uncertainty issues in surface texture metrology. NPL Report. CLM 7

Leach, R K; Hart, A; Jackson, K (1999) Measurement of gauge blocks by interferometry: an investigation into the variability in wringing film thickness. NPL Report. CLM 3

Lewis, V E (1999) IRMF catalogue of calibration and measurement services available in the United Kingdom for the calibration and testing of radiation protection instrumentation. NPL Report. CIRM 25

Liang, W; West, P D; Rochard, O C; Paul, J*; Salter, M J; Clarke, R N (1999) Calibration of implantable electric field probes for mobile phone dosimetry. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Loader, B G; Alexander, M J; Gregory, A P; Liang, W (1999) The use of an optically modulated field sensor to make TEM cells traceable to NPL calculable standard dipole antenna. In: ARMMS Conference, 23-24 November 1999.

Lodeiro, M*; Broughton, W R; Sims, G D (1999) Understanding the limitations of through-thickness test methods. Plast. Rubber Compos., 28 (9). pp. 416-424.

Lord, G J (1999) Software Support for Metrology: interim status report on the ionising radiation area. NPL Report. CISE 34/99

Lord, G J (1999) Software support for metrology. Interim status report on the thermal area. NPL Report. CISE 35/99

Lord, J D (1999) Proposed tensile test method for measuring the Young's Modulus of particulate reinforced MMCs. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)039

Lord, J D; Orkney, L P (1999) Elevated temperature modulus measurements for discontinuously reinforced metal matrix composites. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)038

Loveday, M S (1999) Room temperature tensile testing: a method for estimating uncertainty of measurement. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)048

Lowrie, F*; Cain, M G; Stewart, M (1999) Finite element modelling of electroceramics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)150

Lowrie, F*; Cain, M G; Stewart, M; Gee, M G (1999) Time dependent behaviour of piezo-electric materials. NPL Report. CMMT(A)151

Lowrie, F*; Stewart, M; Cain, M G (1999) Finite element analysis of piezoelectric ceramics. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 24

M

Macfarlane, G M; Barwood, G P; Rowley, W R C; Gill, P (1999) Interfeometric frequency measurements of an iodine stabilised Nd:YAG laser. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 48 (2). pp. 600-603.

Maxwell, A S; Duncan, B C (1999) Evaluation of a multi-functional adhesive test station. NPL Report. CMMT(A)177

Maybank, L; Knott, A J; Elkington, D (1999) Guide to the uncertainty of force measurement. NPL Report. CMAM 24

McCartney, L N (1999) Model of composite degradation due to fatigue damage. NPL Report. CMMT(A)211

McCartney, L N (1999) Simulation of progressive fibre failure during the tensile loading of unidirectional composites. NPL Report. CMMT(A)212

McCartney, L N; McCormick, N J; Lawrence, K M (1999) A new model of fatigue creep deformation. NPL Report. CMMT(A)161

Mills, K C; Sridhar, S* (1999) Viscosities of iron and steelmaking slags. Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 26 (4). pp. 262-268.

Milton, M J T (1999) Empirical method for calculating methane emissions from time-variable arisings of solid waste in landfill sites. NPL Report. COEM 33

Milton, M J T; Gardiner, T D (1999) Methods for the measurement of methane fluxes from landfill sites. Final report to the Environment Agency. NPL Report. COEM 32

Milton, M J T; Woods, P T; Nettleton, D H (1999) National measurement standards and systems for chemistry. In: National Measurement Conference (NMC) 1999, November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Modna, D K; Bowles, N E; Brosnan, W E; Carter, M; Ciocanel, M; Dean, J C J; de Lavison, P A G; Jerome, S M; Keightley, J D; Woods, M J; Woods, S A (1999) Environmental radioacitivity intercomparison exercise, 1998 (Overseas Reports). NPL Report. CIRM 30

Monaghan, B (1999) 6MPM6.3 Thermal conductivity of mould materials. T1/M01 Review current sand casting practices and requirements for thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity data of moulded foundry sands in the sand casting industry. NPL Report. CMMT(A)236

Monaghan, B; Neale, J G J; Chapman, L (1999) Some thermal properties of a copper tin alloy. Int. J. Thermophysics., 20 (4). pp. 1051-1060.

Monaghan, B J (1999) A four-probe dc method for measuring the electrical resistivities of molten metals. Int. J. Thermophysics, 20 (2). pp. 677-690.

Morrell, R (1999) Biaxial flexural strength testing - a review. Institute of Materials, 718 (2). pp. 561-562.

Morrell, R (1999) Pre-cracking test-pieces of brittle materials for fracture toughness measurement. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)35

Morrell, R; Hendrix, M*; De With, G*; Vandermeulen, W*; Le Doussal, H*; Kromp, K*; Rudolph, E* (1999) Young's modulus of ceramic materials - an intercomparison of methods. Institute of Materials, 718 (2). pp. 565-566.

Morrell, R; McCormick, N J; Bevan, N; Lodeiro, M*; Margetson, J* (1999) Biaxial disc flexure - modulus and strength testing. Br. Ceram. Trans. J., 98 (5). pp. 234-240.

Mulligan, D R; Sims, G D (1999) Characterisation of fibre surfaces by wetting techniques. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)055

N

Nettleton, D H (1999) VAM workshop on traceability in analytical measurements. NPL Report. COEM 39

Niklewicz, J; Ferris, D H; Nunn, G J; Sims, G D (1999) The use of pin bearing data for the preliminary design of 'bolted' joints. In: UNSPECIFIED.

Niklewicz, J; Sims, G D (1999) Round-robin validation exercise for three structural test methods: open-hole compression, open-hole tension and pin-bearing. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)043

Niklewicz, J; Sims, G D (1999) The use of electronic speckle pattern interferometry for determining non-uniform strain fields. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)056

O

O'Halloran, J (1999) A bilateral intercomparison of disseminated transmittance standards. NPL Report. COEM 40

Ohon, Y*; Goodman, T; Sauter, G* (1999) Trilateral intercomparison of photometric units maintained at NIST (USA), NPL (UK), and PTB (Germany). J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol., 104 (1). pp. 47-57.

Osgerby, S (1999) The development of weak, de-alloyed zones during oxidation of high temperature alloys. NPL Report. CMMT(A)221

P

Paton, R* (1999) Software support for metrology interim status report on the flow area. NPL Report. CISE 38/99

Payne, R C; Simmons, D (1999) The effect of enveloping surface shape and size on the determination of sound power. NPL Report. CMAM 30

Peden, D A*; Macfarlane, J C*; Hao, L; Gallop, J C (1999) Development of HTS resistive SQUIDs for noise thermometry. Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser., 167 (2). pp. 521-524.

Peden, D A*; Macfarlane, J C*; Hao, L; Reed, R P; Gallop, J C (1999) YBCO-nobel metal resistors for HTS Josephson noise thermometry. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 9 (2). pp. 4408-4411.

Peggs, G N; Lewis, A J; Oldfield, S (1999) Design for a compact high accuracy CMM. Ann. CIRP, 48 (1). pp. 417-420.

Pickering, J*; Thompson, R; Williams, J M (1999) A new compact isolated power supply for electrical metrology at low signal levels. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Preston, R C (1999) Book Review - Ultrasonic Instruments and Devices 1. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, 25 (3). pp. 487-488.

Preston, R C; Robinson, S P (1999) European comparison of ultrasonic hydrophone calibration. Metrologia, 36. pp. 345-349.

Preston, R C; Robinson, S P (1999) European comparison of ultrasonic hydrophone calibrations. Metrologia, 36. pp. 345-349.

Preston, R C; Robinson, S P (1999) Progress towards new UK underwater acoustical measurement standards in the 21st century. In: 6th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, July 1999, Lyngby, Denmark.

Preston, R C; Robinson, S P (1999) Progress towards new UK underwater acoustical measurement standards in the 21st century. In: Proc. 6th Int. Congress Sound and Vibration, July 1999, Lyngby, Denmark.

Preston, R C; Robinson, S P; Zeqiri, B; Esward, T J; Gelat, P N; Lee, N D (1999) Primary calibration of membrane hydrophones in the frequency range 0.5 MHz to 60 MHz. Metrologia, 36 (4). pp. 331-334.

Protheroe, S (1999) Comparison of alternative adapter characterisation techniques. IEE Colloq. Dig., 0008. 8/1-5.

Protheroe, S (1999) Improved use of the UK waveguide noise standards. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Q

Quincey, P; Woods, P T (1999) Putting the quality into air quality measurements. In: National Measurement Conference (NMC) 1999, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

R

Raymond, N M (1999) Operation of the Mass and Weighing Club April 1998 to September 1999. NPL Report. CMAM 43

Rayner, D (1999) Interim status report on the foundation metrology area from the Software Support for Metrology Programme. NPL Report. CISE 28/99

Rayner, D (1999) Overview of the Software Support for Metrology programme from weal-link to best-practice. In: National Measurement Conference (NMC) 1999, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Rayner, D (1999) Report to the National Measurement System Policy Unit, DTI. Initial report on status of software and mathematics in each metrology area from the software support for metrology programme. NPL Report. CISE 18/99

Read, B E; Dean, G; Duncan, B C (1999) Project CAM6, Report No. 6. Characterisation of the strain rate and temperature dependence of the properties of plastics for the prediction of impact performance. NPL Report. CMMT(A)144

Read, B E; Dean, G; Duncan, B C (1999) Project PAJ2. Report No 11. Strain rate and temperature dependence of the properties of adhesives. Prediction of high rate data. NPL Report. CMMT(A)169

Redgrave, F J; Music, V (1999) Metrological relationaships between primary vacuum standards. NPL Report. CMAM 46

Richards, B (1999) Dissemination via the Instrument Manufacturers. NPL Report. CMMT(A)143

Richards, B (1999) Guidelines for developing small measuring instruments. NPL Report. CMMT(A)142

Richards, B; Levoguer, C L; Hunt, C; Nimmo, K*; Peters, S*; Cusack, P* (1999) An analysis of the current status of lead-free soldering. A summary report. NPL Report. CMMT(A)168

Richards, B; Levoguer, C L; Hunt, C; Nimmo, K*; Peters, S*; Cusack, P* (1999) An analysis of the current status of lead-free soldering. NPL Report. CMMT(A)170

Rides, M (1999) Extensional flow properties of polymer melts using stretching flow methods. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 18

Rides, M (1999) Measurement of the extensional flow properties of polymer melts using converging flow methods. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 16

Rides, M (1999) Review of melt mass flow rate and melt volume flow rate measurements for polymer melts. NPL Report. CMMT(A)231

Rides, M; Allen, C R G (1999) Extensional flow properties of polymer melts using converging flow methods. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)040

Rides, M; Allen, C R G (1999) Measuring the extensional flow properties of polymer melts using stretching methods. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)41

Rides, M; Allen, C R G (1999) Measuring the extensional flow properties of polymer melts. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)037

Rides, M; Allen, C R G; Chakravorty, S (1999) Intercomparison of extensional flow characterization techniques for polymer melts: tensile stretching and converging flow methods. NPL Report. CMMT(A)171

Ridler, N M (1999) ANAMET comparison of complex scattering coefficients measurements of microwave adaptors. In: IMTC/99. Proc. 16th IEEE Instrumentation and Measuring Technology Conference, 24-26 May 1999, Venice, Italy.

Ridler, N M (1999) A comparison of complex scattering coefficient measurements of coaxial-to-waveguide adaptors. NPL Report. CEM 6

Ridler, N M (1999) A review of existing national measurement standards for RF and microwave impedance parameters in the UK. IEE Colloq. Dig., 0008. 6/1-6.

Ridler, N M; Graham, C (1999) Some typical values for the residual error terms of a calibrated vector automatic network analyser (ANA). In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Ridler, N M; Smith, A J A (1999) Gauge compatibility for the smaller coaxial line sizes. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M; Young, P R (1999) Investigating the random error distribution of vector network analyser measurements. In: 29th Automated RF and Microwave Measurements Society (ARRMS) Conference, 22-23 April 1999, Bracknell, UK.

Roberts, M; Taylor, P; Gateva-Kostova, S V*; Clarke, R B M*; Rowley, W R C; Gill, P (1999) Measurement of the 2S1/2-2D5/2 clock transition in a single 171Yb+ ion. Phys. Rev. A, At. Mol. Opt. Phys., 60 (4). pp. 2867-2872.

Roberts, M; Taylor, P; Gill, P (1999) Laser linewidth at the sub-Hertz level. NPL Report. CLM 8

Roberts, M; Taylor, P; Gill, P (1999) Single ion spectroscopy of ytterbium. In: 13th EFTF/ 1999 IEEE FCS Conference Proceedings, 1999.

Robinson, I A; Kibble, B P (1999) The NPL moving coil balance: progress towards monitoring the kilogram. In: National Conference of Standards Laboratories (NCSL) 1999, July 1999, Charlotte, NC, USA.

Robinson, R A; Butterfield, D M; Andrews, A S; Odesola, L R (1999) Ambient Hydrocarbon Air Quality Monitoring Network: 1998 Audit Report. NPL Report. COEM 35

Robinson, S P (1999) Review of methods for low frequency transducer calibration in reverberant tanks. NPL Report. CMAM 34

Robinson, S P; Green, G J; Preston, R C; Peirlinckx, L*; Kofoed, L*; Skodborg, C*; Roy, A*; Mori, Y*; Brenner, A*; Kruger, D*; Buogo, S*; Cannelli, G*; Troiano, L*; Runborg, C*; Gooch, G* (1999) International comparison of free-field hydrophone calibrations in the frequency range 10 kHz to 315kHz. Metrologia, 36 (4). pp. 287-96.

Robinson, S P; Harris, P M (1999) Modelling acoustic signals in the calibration of underwater electroacoustic transducers in reverberant laboratory tanks. NPL Report. CMAM 29

Robinson, S P; Preston, R C; Green, G J (1999) A european comparison of ultrasonic hydrophone calibrations. Metrologia, 36 (4). pp. 345-350.

Roebuck, B (1999) Hardmetals, property review. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)036

Roebuck, B (1999) Magnetic coercivity measurements for WC/Co hardmetals. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)042

Roebuck, B (1999) Measuring WC grain size distribution. Metal Powder Report (April). pp. 20-24.

Roebuck, B; Bennett, E G; Byrne, W P; Gee, M G (1999) Characterisation of baseline hardmetals using property maps. NPL Report. CMMT(A)172

Roebuck, B; Bennett, E G; Dickson, A (1999) The measurement of uncertainty in grain size distribution. Interlaboratory exercise. Part 1 - Reference Images. NPL Report. CMMT(A)154

Roebuck, B; Bennett, E G; Dickson, A; Wicks, M (1999) The measurement of uncertainty in grain size distribution. Interlaboratory exercise part 2 - metallographic images. NPL Report. CMMT(A)230

Roebuck, B; Bennett, E G; Komenda, J*; Freidbacher, G*; Schubert, W-D*; Bredthauer, J*; Sandman, A* (1999) A comparison of new and conventional grain size measurement methods for WC powders and hardmetals. In: EURO PM99, 8-10 November 1999, Turin.

Roebuck, B; Gee, M G; Bennett, E G (1999) Modelling hardness variations in WC/Co hardmetals with a wide grain size distribution. In: EURO PM99, 8-10 November 1999, Turin.

Roebuck, B; Gee, M G; Brooks, M; Cox, D; Reed, R (1999) Miniature multiproperty tests at elevated temperatures. In: COMPASS'99 - Component Optimisation from Materials Properties and Simulated Software, 29 March - 1 April 1999, Univ. of Wales, Swansea.

Roebuck, B; McCormick, N J; Day, A; Bennett, E G (1999) Measurement of WC grain size distribution. NPL Report. CMMT(A)141

Roebuck, B; Van der Berg, L (1999) Electrical resistivity measurements on WC/Co hardmetals. PM Science and Technology Briefs, 1 (3). pp. 9-13.

Rosser, K E; Williams, A J (1999) Comparison of the NPL water calorimeter with other dosimetric techniques for high energy photon beams. NPL Report. CIRM 23

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Seah, M P (1999) Background subtraction I: general behaviour of tougaard - style backgrounds in AES and XPS. Surf. Sci., 420. pp. 285-294.

Seah, M P (1999) Background subtraction. 1. General behaviour of Tougaard-style backgrounds in AES and XPS. Surf. Sci., 420 (2-3). pp. 285-94.

Seah, M P (1999) New aspects in quantitative surface analysis. Journal of Surface Analysis (Japan), 5 (1). pp. 7-11.

Seah, M P (1999) Quantitative AES and XPS - convergence between theory and experimental databases. J. Electron Spectrosc., 100. pp. 55-73.

Seah, M P (1999) Quantitative AES and XPS: convergance between theory and experimental databases. J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 100. pp. 55-73.

Seah, M P (1999) Reference data for AES and XPS combined. Appl. Surf. Sci., 144-14. pp. 161-167.

Seah, M P (1999) Summary of ISO standard: I ISO 14976:1998 - surface chemical analysis - data transfer format. Surf. Interface Anal., 27. pp. 693-694.

Seah, M P; Brown, M T (1999) Validation and accuracy of peak synthesis software for XPS. Appl. Surf. Sci., 144-14. pp. 183-187.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Spencer, S J (1999) Measurement of data for and the development of an ISO standard for the energy calibration of X-ray photoelectron spectrometers. Appl. Surf. Sci., 144-14. pp. 178-182.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Spencer, S J (1999) Method for determining the signal linearity in single and multidetector counting systems in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Appl. Surf. Sci., 144-14. pp. 132-136.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Spencer, S J (1999) Signal linearity in XPS counting systems. J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 104. pp. 73-89.

Seah, M P; Spencer, S J; Cumpson, P J; Johnson, J E (1999) Cones formed during sputtering of InP and their use in defining AFM tip shapes. Appl. Surf. Sci., 144-14. pp. 151-155.

Sharpe, P H G; Sephton, J P; Chu, R D (1999) Real time dosimetry measurements at an industrial irradiation plant. In: Proceedings IMRP Meeting, March 1999, Melbourne,.

Shaw, A; Pay, N M; Preston, R C; Bond, A D (1999) Proposed standard thermal test object for medical ultrasound. Ultrasound Med. Biol., 25 (1). pp. 121-132.

Shaw, A; Pay, N M; Preston, R C; Bond, A D (1999) A proposed standard thermal test object for medical ultrasound. Ultrasound Med. Biol., 25 (1). pp. 121-132.

Shemar, S L; Davis, J A (1999) A study of delay instabilities within a two-way satellite time and frequency transfer earth station. In: Proc. 1999 Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symp., 12-16 April 1999, Besancon, France.

Sillwood, J (1999) Framework refocuses its materials aims. Mater. World, 7 (6). pp. 345-346.

Slavcheva, E*; Shone, B*; Turnbull, A (1999) Review of naphthenic acid corrosion. Br. Corros. J., 34 (2). pp. 125-131.

Smith, A J; Woolliams, P D; Roddie, A G (1999) Optoelectronic time domain reflectometry. IEE Colloq. Dig., 0008. 6/1-6.

Stanbury, G; Elkington, D (1999) Proposed future research for hardness standards. NPL Report. CMAM 31

Stevens, R F (1999) Optical inspection of periodic structures using lens arrays and moire magnification. J. Imaging Sci., 47 (4). pp. 173-179.

Stewart, M; Cain, M G (1999) Measurement of high field dielectric properties of piezoelectric materials. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 25

Stewart, M; Cain, M G; Gee, M G (1999) Method of measuring piezoelectric displacement in piezoelectric ceramics. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 23

Stewart, M; Cain, M G; Hall, D A* (1999) Ferroelectric hysteresis measurement and analysis. NPL Report. CMMT(A)152

Sutton, G; Rusby, R L (1999) Intercomparison of the freezing point of Indium. Euromet Project No. 391 NPL measurements. NMSPU Project Reference 11B17. NPL Report. CBTM 6

Sweeney, B P; Woolley, A M (1999) London Air Quality Network: ratification report for January to June 1999. NPL Report. COEM 37

Sweeney, B P; Woolley, A M (1999) UK Automatic Rural Network: ratification report for January to June 1999. NPL Report. COEM 38

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Tanner, R J*; Thomas, D J; Bartlett, D T; Horwood, N (1999) Systematic errors in the readings of track etch neutron dosemeters caused by the energy dependence of response. Radiat. Meas., 31 (1-6). pp. 483-6.

Taylor, G C (1999) Neutron response characteristics of the NPL tissue-equivalent proportional counter. NPL Report. CIRM 26

Taylor, P (1999) Stability limitations in optical frequency standards. NPL Report. CBTLM 1

Taylor, P; Roberts, M; Macfarlane, G M; Barwood, G P; Rowley, W R C; Gill, P (1999) Measurement of the infrared 2F7/2-2D5/2 transition in a single 171Yb+ ion. Phys. Rev. A, At. Mol. Opt. Phys., 60 (4). pp. 2829-2833.

Thomas, D (1999) Radiation spectrometry in mixed neutron-photon fields. European Radiation Protection Research Newsletter - EULEP-EURADOS-UIR Newsletter (May).

Thomas, D J; Horwood, N; Taylor, G C (1999) Neutron dosemeter responses in workplace fields and the implications of using realistic neutron calibration fields. NPL Report. CIRM 27

Thompson, R P; Fletcher, N E; Williams, J M; Henderson, L C A (1999) The automated two Josephson array system for RVD calibrations. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Tomlins, P E (1999) Measurement and analysis of creep in plastics. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 2

Tomlins, P E (1999) Strategies for assessing the influence of pigments and processing conditions on the dimensional stability of mouldings. NPL Report. CMMT(A)201

Tomlins, P E; Levoguer, C (1999) An introduction to electrically conductive adhesives and their current applications. NPL Report. CMMT(A)243

Tomlins, P E; Richardson, M J (1999) The influence of phthalocyanin blue on the crystallization behaviour of polypropylene. NPL Report. CMMT(A)147

Turnbull, A (1999) Impact of graphite gasket/duplex stainless steel couples on crevice chemistry and likelihood of crevice attack in seawater. Corrosion, 55 (2). pp. 206-212.

Turnbull, A (1999) Importance of internal cathodic reactions on the chemistry and electrochemistry in crevices and cracks. In: Proceedings of Environmental Degradation of Engineering Materials, 1999, Gdansk.

Turnbull, A (1999) Testing and modelling for prediction of hydrogen embrittlement. In: International Conference on Ageing Studies and Lifetime Extension of Material, July 1999, Oxford, UK.

Turnbull, A; Griffiths, A J; Reid, T (1999) Hydrogen embittlement of duplex stainless steels evaluated by the interrupted slow strain rate technique. In: EUROCORR 99, August 1999, Aachen, Germany.

Turnbull, A; Griffiths, A J; Reid, T A (1999) Corrosion and stress corrosion cracking of duplex stainless steels in caustic solutions at elevated temperatures. Stainless Steel World (Decemb). pp. 63-67.

Turnbull, A; Griffiths, A J; Reid, T A (1999) Hydrogen embrittlement of duplex stainless steels - simulating service experience. In: Corrosion 1999, 1999.

Turnbull, A; Maxwell, A S (1999) Test methods for environmental stress cracking of polymeric materials. Technical Report. NPL, UK.

Turnbull, A; Maxwell, A S; Pillai, S (1999) Residual stress in polymers - evaluation of measurement techniques. J. Mater. Sci., 34 (3). pp. 451-459.

Turnbull, A; Reid, T A (1999) Environment assisted cracking from pits: a review of life prediction methodologies. Technical Report. NPL, UK.

Twine, T J*; Broughton, W R (1999) The use of statistical methods for evaluating durability of adhesively bonded joints. NPL Report. CMMT(A)203

Twine, T J*; Hall, M* (1999) Statistical analysis of durability data. NPL Report. CMMT(A)202

W

Wallard, A J (1999) New trends in measurement standards and their impact on R&D. The IPTS Report, 35. pp. 15-19.

Warde, J*; Wallach, E R* (1999) The prediction of creep damage in surface mount components using finite element modelling. NPL Report. CMMT(A)218

Waters, S*; Makepeace, J L; de Lavison, P A G (1999) The radioactivity measurement of krypton-81m. Pharmaeuropa, 11 (4).

Whibberley, P B; Henderson, D; Lea, S N (1999) Development of a caesium fountain primary frequency standard at the NPL. In: Proc. 1999 Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, 13-16 April 1999, Besancon, France.

Wichmann, B (1999) Guide for the validation of measurement software. IEE Colloq. Dig., 160. 5/1-5.

Wickham, M; Dusek, M; Zou, L; Hunt, C P (1999) Improving the processability of noble metal component termination finishes. NPL Report. CMMT(A)199

Wickham, M; Hunt, C (1999) Benchmarking assisted and automatic optical inspection of electronic assemblies. NPL Report. CMMT(A)173

Wickham, M; Hunt, C (1999) A comparison of automatic optical inspection and automatic x-ray inspection of surface mount assemblies. NPL Report. CMMT(A) 234

Williams, A J; Kleinschmidt, P (1999) A cryogenic current comparator bridge for resistance measurements at currents of up to 100 A. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 48 (2). pp. 375-8.

Williams, A J; McEwen, M R; DuSautoy, A R (1999) Radiation measurement and research for space applications at the National Physical Laboratory. In: Space Radiation Environment Workshop, 1999, DERA.

Williams, F J; Bowns, S*; Bradley, I*; Williams, G* (1999) Mapping Measurement Impact Model. In: National Measurement Conference (NMC) 1999, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Williams, J M; Brown, D* (1999) Comparison of a Measurements International model 6010B current comparator bridge with a cryogenic current comparator bridge at the National Physical Laboratory. In: NCSL 99- National Conference of Standards Labouratories Workshop and Symposium, July 1999, Charlotte, NC, USA.

Williams, J M; Kleinschmidt, P (1999) A cryogenic current comparator bridge for resistance measurements at currents of up to 100 A. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 48 (2). pp. 375-378.

Williams, J M; Porter, C H (1999) Environmental and transport effects on transfer standards. In: UNSPECIFIED.

Williams, J M; Porter, C H; Lyons, W* (1999) Power supplies and measurement techniques for the calibration of high current DC shunts. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Woolley, A M; Sweeney, B P; Butterfield, D M (1999) London Air Quality Network: ratification report for July to December 1998. NPL Report. COEM 29

Woolley, A M; Sweeney, B P; Butterfield, D M (1999) UK Automatic Rural Network: ratification report for July to December 1998. NPL Report. COEM 30

Woolliams, P D; Smith, A J A; Roddie, A G (1999) Time domain reflectometry - an optoelectronic approach. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Wright, P S (1999) Calibration of IEC 1000-3-2 harmonic analysers. In: BEMC 99 - 9th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 2-4 November 1999, Brighton, UK.

Wright, P S (1999) Short time Fourier transforms and Wigner-Ville distributions applied to the calibration of power frequency harmonic analysers. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 48 (2). pp. 475-478.

Wright, P S; Pickering, J R* (1999) An AC voltage standard based on a PWM DAC. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 48 (2). pp. 457-461.

Wu, M W*; Guung, T C*; Pei, C C*; Yang, T N*; Hwang, W S*; Thomas, D J (1999) Absolute neutron fluence measurements between 0.5 and 3 MeV and their intercomparisons. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A, Accel. Spectrom. Detec. Assoc. Equip., 422 (1-3). pp. 79-83.

Y

Young, P R (1999) Analysing connector repeatability or microwave vector measurements. IEE Colloq. Dig., 019. 8/1-5.

Z

Zeqiri, B; Gelat, P N; Hodnett, M (1999) A systematic assessment of the 'magnomic' method of high frequency hydrophone calibration. NPL Report. CMAM 26

Zhou, S; Turnbull, A (1999) Corrosion database of duplex stainless steels. Stainless Steel World (March). p. 30.

Zhou, S; Turnbull, A (1999) Development of a pre-pitting procedure for turbine disc steel project DME11: Stress corrosion cracking and corrosion fatigue from pits. NPL Report. CMMT(A)200

Zhou, S; Turnbull, A (1999) Influence of pitting on the fatigue life of a turbine blade steel. Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct., 22 (12). pp. 1083-1094.

Zou, L; Dusek, M; Hunt, C P; Dunn, B D* (1999) An evaluation of the effect of ageing on the cleanability of solder flux residues. Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, 11 (1). pp. 27-35.

Zou, L; Hunt, C (1999) Draft NPL SIR measurement procedure. NPL Report. CMMT(A)155

Zou, L; Hunt, C (1999) The effect of test voltage, test pattern and board finish on surface insulation resistance (SIR) measurements for various fluxes. NPL Report. CMMT(A)222

This list was generated on Thu Nov 14 10:26:00 2019 GMT.