< back to main site

Publications

Items where Year is 2003

Up a level
Export as [feed] RSS
Group by: Authors | Item Type | No Grouping
Jump to: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | W | Y | Z
Number of items: 239.

A

Alevra, A V*; Thomas, D J (2003) Neutron spectrometry in mixed fields - multi-sphere spectrometers. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 107 (1-3). pp. 37-72.

Andreone, A*; Di Gennaro, E*; Lamura, G*; Salluzzo, M*; Purnell, A*; Cohen, L F*; Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Cantoni, C*; Paranthaman, M* (2003) A study on the nonlinear microwave electrodynamic response of e-beam evaporated MgB2 superconducting thin films. Supercond. Sci. Technol., 16. pp. 260-263.

Arnaut, L R (2003) Adaptive control and optimization of electromagnetic radiation, attenuation and scattering using self-adaptive material systems. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 51 (7). pp. 1530-1548.

Arnaut, L R (2003) Comment on 'Investigation of the field uniformity of a mode-stirred chamber using diffusors based on acoustic theory'. IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., 45 (1). pp. 146-147.

Arnaut, L R (2003) Comments on "Investigation of the field uniformity of a mode-stirred chamber using diffusors based on acoustic theory". IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., 45 (1). pp. 146-147.

Arnaut, L R (2003) Limit distributions for imperfect electromagnetic reverberation. IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., 45 (2). pp. 357-377.

Arnaut, L R (2003) Nonstationary effects in mode-stirred reverberation. In: 15th Zürich EMC Symposium, 18-20 February 2003, Zürich, Switzerland.

Arnaut, L R (2003) Self-adaptive materials for real-time control and adjustment of reflection and absorption. In: IEE Seminar on Metamaterials for Microwave and (Sub)Millimetre Wave Applications, 24 November 2003, London, UK.

Arnaut, L R (2003) Self-adaptive materials with external support systems. In: 2nd International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies (ICMAT): Symposium F: Electromagnetic Materials., 7-11 December 2003, Singapore.

Arnaut, L R (2003) Statistics of the quality factor of a rectangular reverberation chamber. IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., 45 (1). pp. 61-76.

Awan, S A; Jones, R G; Kibble, B P (2003) Evaluation of coaxial bridge systems for accurate determination of the SI Farad from the DC quantum Hall effect. Metrologia, 40. pp. 264-270.

Awan, S A; Kibble, B P (2003) Coaxial AC bridge and standards from 10 kHz to 10 MHz. In: Advances in Metrology Conference Digest, January 2003, India.

B

Barker, R M; Cox, M G; Harris, P M; Smith, I M (2003) Testing algorithms in standards and METROS. NPL Report. CMSC 18/03

Barker, R M; Parkin, G I (2003) Use of the Internet for calibration services - protecting the data - final report. NPL Report. CMSC 28/03

Bartlett, DT*; Chartier, J-L*; Matzke, M*; Rimpler, A*; Thomas, D J (2003) Concepts and quantities in spectrometry and radiation protection. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 107 (1-3). pp. 21-32.

Barwood, G P; Gao, K*; Gill, P; Huang, G; Klein, H A (2003) Observation of the hyperfine structure of the 2S1/2 - 2D5/2 674 nm optical clock transition in 87Sr+. Phys. Rev. A, At. Mol. Opt. Phys., 67. 013402

Barwood, G P; Gill, P (2003) Laser stabilisation for precision measurements. In: Handbook of Laser Technology and Applications. IOP, Bristol, UK, pp. 1393-1414.

Bayliss, D J; Downes, S P (2003) An evaluation of a Paar 5000 density meter. NPL Report. MATC(A)139

Blythe, P J; Webster, S A; Hosaka, K; Gill, P (2003) Systematic frequency shifts of the 467 nm electric octupole transition in 171Yb+. J. Phys. B, At. Mol. Phys., 36 (5). pp. 981-989.

Blythe, P J; Webster, S A; Margolis, H S; Lea, S N; Huang, G; Choi, S-K; Rowley, W R C; Gill, P; Windeler, R S* (2003) Sub-kilohertz absolute frequency measurement of the 467 nm electric octupole transition in 171Yb+. Phys. Rev. A, At. Mol. Opt. Phys., 67 (2). 020501

Blythe, P J; Webster, S A; Margolis, H S; Lea, S N; Huang, G; Choi, S-K*; Rowley, W R C; Gill, P; Windeler, R S* (2003) Sub-kilohertz absolute frequency measurements of the 467 nm electric octuple transition in 171Yb+. Phys. Rev. A, At. Mol. Opt. Phys., 67. 020501

Boudjemaa, R; Cox, M G; Forbes, A B; Harris, P M (2003) Automatic differential techniques and their application in metrology. NPL Report. CMSC 26/03

Boudjemaa, R; Forbes, A B; Harris, P M; Langdell, S* (2003) Multivariate empirical models and their use in metrology. NPL Report. CMSC 32/03

Boumaza, T; Redgrove, J (2003) Use of the transient plane source technique for rapid multiple thermal property measurements. Int. J. Thermophysics, 24 (2). pp. 501-12.

Brice, L (2003) CCM key comparison of Vickers hardness scale. NPL Report. MATC(A)142

Brice, L (2003) The influence of indenter characteristics on hardness measurements. In: XVII IMEKO World Congress - Metrology in the 3rd Millennium., 22-27 June 2003, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

Brice, L; Davis, F; Crawshaw, A H (2003) Uncertainty in hardness measurement. NPL Report. CMAM 87

Broughton, W R; Fry, A T; Mendels, D A; Chunnilall, C J (2003) Near surface strain measurements on quartz wafers and devices. NPL Report. MATC(MN)52

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M J (2003) Assessment of characterisation techniques for evaluating surface treatments for adhesive bonding. NPL Report. MATC(A)140

Brown, R J C; Milton, M J T (2003) Observation of a combined diluted and salting effect in buffers under conditions of high dilution and high ionic strength. Accred. Qual. Assur., 8 (11). pp. 505-510.

Brown, R J C; Milton, M J T (2003) Towards an improved determination of the Avogadro constant. NPL Report. COAM 17

Brown, R J C; Milton, M J T; Brewer, P J* (2003) Improved methodology for high accuracy titration of HCl and experimental demonstration of equivalence with coulometry. NPL Report. COAM 18

Brown, R J C; Yardley, R E; Brown, A S; Milton, M J T (2003) Inter-laboratory study of the measurement of Ni, As, Cd and Pb contents of ambient air. NPL Report. COAM 20

C

Cagran, C*; Wilthan, B*; Pottlacher, G*; Roebuck, B; Wickins, M*; Harding, R A* (2003) Thermophysical properties of a Ti-44%Al-8%Nb-1%B alloy in the solid and molten states. Intermetallics, 11 (11-12). pp. 1327-1334.

Cain, M G; Little, P* (2003) Sensing success for functional ceramics. GlobalWatch (Feb). pp. 4-5.

Chug, B; McEvoy, H C; Machin, G (2003) Use of an InGaAs radiation thermometer to verify the accuracy of the NPL blackbody reference sources from 156 ºC to 600 ºC. AIP Conf. Proc., 684 (2). pp. 571-576.

Chunnilall, C J; Clarke, F J J; Rowell, N L* (2003) NPL-NRC comparison of mid-infrared regular transmittance. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 4826. pp. 12-20.

Chunnilall, C J; Clarke, F J J; Shaw, M J (2003) Diffuse reflectance scales at NPL. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 4826. pp. 129-136.

Chunnilall, C J; Clarke, F J J; Smart, M P; Hanssen, L M*; Kaplan, S G* (2003) NIST-NPL comparison of mid-infrared regular transmittance and reflectance. Metrologia, 40 (1). S55-S59

Chunnilall, C J; Deadman, A J; Crane, L; Usadi, E (2003) NPL scales for radiance factor and total diffuse reflectance. Metrologia, 40 (1). S192-S195

Chunnilall, C J; Shaw, M J (2003) Goniometric realization of diffuse reflectance scales at NPL. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 5192 (1). pp. 123-128.

Clark, J; Tye, R (2003) Thermophysical properties reference data for some key engineering alloys. High Temp.-High Press., 35-36 (1). pp. 1-14.

Clarke, F J J; Chunnilall, C J; Rogers, L J (2003) Recent progress at NPL in the development of mid-infrared spectrometric measurements. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 5192 (1). pp. 111-122.

Clarke, P J (2003) The NPL correction kit for enhanced and traceable reflectance measurement. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 4826. pp. 123-128.

Clarke, R N; Gregory, A P; Cannell, D*; Patrick, M*; Wylie, S*; Youngs, I*; Hill, G* (2003) A guide to the characterisation of dielectric materials at RF and microwave frequencies. Technical Report. Institute of Measurement and Control / National Physical Laboratory.

Cowen, S; Ellison, S* (2003) New directions - software issues in bioinformatics: recommendations for the Software Support for Metrology programme 2004-2007. NPL Report. CMSC 23/03

Cox, D C*; Roebuck, B; Rae, C M F*; Reed, R C* (2003) Recrystallisation of single crystal superalloy CMSX-4. Mater. Sci. Technol., 19 (4). pp. 440-446.

Cox, M G; Dainton, M P; Ridler, N M; Salter, M J; Young, P R (2003) An Interpolation scheme for precision intermediate frequency reflection coefficient measurement. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 52 (1). pp. 27-37.

Cox, M G; Desenfant, M*; Harris, P M; Siebert, B* (2003) Model-based measurement uncertainty evaluation with applications in testings. Accred. Qual. Assur., 8 (12). pp. 548-554.

Cox, M G; Forbes, A B; Fossati, P M; Harris, P M; Smith, I M (2003) Techniques for the efficient solution of large scale calibration problems. NPL Report. CMSC 25/03

Cox, M G; Harris, P M; Kenward, P D; Smith, I M (2003) Extracting features from experimental data. NPL Report. CMSC 22/03

Cox, M G; Harris, P M; Kenward, P D; Woolliams, E (2003) Spectral characteristic modelling. NPL Report. CMSC 27/03

Cox, M G; Harris, P M; Siebert, B R L* (2003) Evaluation of measurement uncertainty based on the propagation of distributions using Monte Carlo simulation. Meas. Tech., 46 (9). pp. 824-833.

Croker, L E; Gower, M R L; Broughton, W R (2003) Finite element assessment of geometric and material property effects on the strength and stiffness of bonded and bolted T-joints. NPL Report. MATC(A)124

Cui, Z*; Leach, R K; Lewis, A; Singleton, L* (2003) Standardisation for microsystems technology: the way forward. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on the Commercialization of Micro and Nano Systems: COMS 2003, 8-11 September 2003, Amsterdam.

Cumpson, P J; Hedley, J* (2003) Accurate analytical measurements in the atomic force microscope: a microfabricated spring constant standard potentially traceable to the SI. Nanotechnology, 14. pp. 1279-1288.

Cumpson, P J; Hedley, J*; Zhdan, P* (2003) Accurate force measurement in the atomic force microscope: a microfabricated array of reference springs for easy cantilever calibrations. Nanotechnology, 14. pp. 918-924.

D

Dawson, A; McCalla, B*; Brown, C S; Mulligan, D R; Crocker, L E (2003) The consequences of rapid processing techniques on the physical properties of plastics components. NPL Report. MATC(A)150

Dawson, J F*; Hatfield, M O*; Arnaut, L R; Eulig, N* (2003) Reverberation (mode-stirred) chambers for electromagnetic compatibility. EMC & Compliance Journal, 46. pp. 30-38.

Dean, G; Wright, L (2003) An evaluation of the use of finite element analysis for predicting the deformation of plastics under impact loading. Polym. Test., 22 (6). pp. 625-631.

Dowson, S P (2003) Sound calibrators - a new standard IEC 60942:2003. Acoust. Bull., 28 (3). pp. 20-22.

Dudley, R A; Ridler, N M (2003) Traceability via the Internet for microwave measurements using vector network analysers. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 52 (1). pp. 130-134.

Duncan, B C; Abbott, S*; Court, R*; Roberts, R*; Leatherdale, D* (2003) A review of adhesive bonding assembly processes and measurement methods. NPL Report. MATC(A)135

Duncan, B C; Arranz, E; Crocker, L E; Urquhart, J M (2003) Tests for strength of adhesion. NPL Report. MATC(MN)49

Dusek, M; Wickham, M; Hunt, C (2003) The impact of thermal cycle regime on the shear strength of lead-free solder joints. NPL Report. MATC(A)156

E

Ebbecke, J*; Fletcher, N E; Ahlers, F J*; Hartland, A; Janssen, T J B M (2003) Study of the limitations of the quantized acoustic current technique at PTB and NPL. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 52 (2). pp. 594-8.

Esward, T J; Forbes, A B; Mansfield, A J (2003) New directions - future directions in mathematics and scientific computing: recommendations for the Software Support for Metrology programme 2004-2007. NPL Report. CMSC 16/03

Esward, T J; Lord, G*; Wright, L (2003) Model validation in continuous modelling. NPL Report. CMSC 29/03

Esward, T J; Preston, R C; Gélat, P N (2003) Piston-cylinder pressure balance design with a negligible distortion coefficient. Meas. Sci. Technol., 14 (6). pp. 796-806.

Esward, T J; Wright, L (2003) Guide to the use of finite element and finite difference software. NPL Report. CMSC 30/03

Etchegoin, P*; Cohen, L F*; Hartigan, H; Brown, R J C; Milton, M J T; Gallop, J C (2003) Electromagnetic contribution to surface enhanced Raman scattering revisited. J. Chem. Phys., 119 (10). pp. 5281-5289.

Etchegoin, P*; Liem, H*; Maher, R C*; Cohan, L F*; Brown, R J C; Milton, M J T; Gallop, J C (2003) Observation of dynamic oxygen release in hemoglobin using surface Raman scattering. Chem. Phys. Lett., 367 (1-2). pp. 223-229.

Etchegoin, P*; Maher, R C*; Cohen, L F*; Hartigan, H; Brown, R J C; Milton, M J T; Gallop, J C (2003) New limits in ultrasensitive trace detection by surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). Chem. Phys. Lett., 375 (1-2). pp. 84-90.

F

Fletcher, N E; Ebbecke, J; Janssen, T J B M (2003) Quantized acoustoelectric current transport through a static quantum dot using a surface acoustic wave. Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter, 68 (24). 245310

Flowers, J L (2003) New technolodies for X-ray standards and applications. A study report for the NMS Quantum Metrology Programme. NPL Report. CBTLM 27

Forbes, A B (2003) Towards an industrial uncertainty methodology. In: UNCERT 2003 International Conference on the Uncertainty of Measurement - Technical Conference, 9-10 April 2003, St Catherine's College, Oxford, UK.

Forbes, A B; Harris, P M; Leach, R K (2003) The comparison of algorithm for the assessment of Type A1 surface texture reference artefacts. NPL Report. CMSC 33/03

G

Gallop, J C; Hao, L (2003) Single crystal microwave dielectrics at low temperature: losses and non-linearities. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 23. pp. 2367-2373.

Gallop, J C; Peden, D; Hao, L; Macfarlane, J (2003) A microwave phase conjugating antenna using high temperature superconductors. Supercond. Sci. Technol., 16. pp. 1566-1569.

Gee, M G; Gant, A; Hutchings, I*; Bethke, R*; Schiffman, K*; Van Acker, K*; Poulat, S*; Gachon, Y*; von Stebut, J* (2003) Progress towards standardisation of ball cratering. Wear, 255. pp. 1-13.

Gee, M G; Gee, R H; McNaught, I (2003) Stepwise erosion as a method for determining the mechanisms of wear in gas borne particulate erosion. Wear, 255. pp. 44-54.

Gentle, D G; Beardmore, A; Achkar. J*,, ; Park, J*; MacReynolds, K*; de Vreede, J P M* (2003) Measurement techniques and results of an intercomparison of horn antenna gain in IEC-R 320 at frequencies of 26.5, 33.0 and 40.0 GHz. NPL Report. CETM 46

Gill, P; Barwood, G P (2003) Ion trapping and laser applications to length and time metrology. In: Handbook of Laser Technology and Applications. IOP, Bristol, UK, pp. 2485-2506.

Gill, P; Barwood, G P; Klein, H A; Huang, G; Webster, S A; Blythe, P J; Hosaka, K; Lea, S N; Margolis, H S (2003) Trapped ion optical frequency standards. Meas. Sci. Technol., 14 (8). pp. 1174-1186.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (2003) G-SIMS of crystallisable organics. Appl. Surf. Sci., 203-20. pp. 551-555.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (2003) Investigating the difficulty of eliminating flood gun damage in TOF-SIMS. Appl. Surf. Sci., 203-20. pp. 600-604.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P; Johnstone, J E (2003) Quantification issues in ToF-SSIMS and AFM co-analysis in two-phase systems, exampled by a polymer blend. Surf. Interface Anal., 35. pp. 888-896.

Goulding, J* (2003) New directions- the status of mathematics and software in legal metrology: recommendations for the Software Support for Metrology programme 2004-2007. NPL Report. CMSC 19/03

Gower, M R L; Sims, G D (2003) Fibre-reinforced plastic composites - qualification of composite materials. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 64

Gower, M R L; Sims, G D (2003) Material data requirements and recommended test methods for the predictive modelling of defect criticality in composite material systems. NPL Report. MATC(A)147

Gower, M R L; Sims, G D (2003) Towards a Standard Qualification Plan (SQP) for composite materials - current status of material property databases. NPL Report. MATC(A)115

Grant, P V; Tomlins, P E; Khurana, M*; Vadgamma, P*; James, S L*; Mikhalovsky, S V* (2003) In-vivo usage of biomaterials: a snapshot of current activity. NPL Report. MATC(A)159

Griffith, D W T*; Jones, N B*; McNamara, B*; Paton Walsh, C; Bell, W; Bernardo, C* (2003) Intercomparison of NDSC ground-based solar FTIR measurements of atmospheric gases at Lauder, New Zealand. J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 20 (8). pp. 1138-1153.

Griffiths, A J; Turnbull, A (2003) Assessment of the role of the acetic acid/acetate buffer in corrosion/stress corrosion testing of modified 13 Cr stainless steels and carbon steels. NPL Report. MATC(A)131

Gélat, P N (2003) Testing of IEC 61220 criteria using the NPL-developed hydrophone-amplifier model. NPL Report. CAIR 4

Gélat, P N; Esward, T J; Wright, P S (2003) New directions - digital signal processing: recommendations for the Software Support for Metrology programme 2004-2007. NPL Report. CMSC 17/03

H

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Gardiner, C H; Josephs-Franks, P W; Macfarlane, J C*; Lam, S K H*; Foley, C* (2003) Inductive superconducting transition-edge detector for single-photon and macro-molecule detection. Supercond. Sci. Technol., 16. pp. 1479-1482.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Macfarlane, J C* (2003) Coupled microwave resonators as the basis for sensitive bolometric detection. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 52 (2). pp. 328-332.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Macfarlane, J C*; Carr, C* (2003) HTS cryogenic current comparator for non-invasive sensing of charged particle beams. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 52 (2). pp. 617-620.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Macfarlane, J M* (2003) Coupled microwave resonators as the basis for sensitive bolometer detection. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 52 (2). pp. 328-332.

Hao, L; Macfarlane, J C*; Carr, C*; Gallop, J C (2003) HTS current concentrator for remote sensing of charged particle beams. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 13 (2). pp. 739-742.

Hao, L; Macfarlane, J C*; Josephs-Franks, P W; Gallop, J C (2003) Inductive superconducting transition-edge photon and particle detector. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 13 (2). pp. 622-625.

Harding, R A*; Brooks, R F; Pottlacher, G*; Brillo, J* (2003) Thermo-physical properties of Ti-44Al-8Nb-1B alloy in the solid and molten conditions. In: Gamma Titanium Aluminides 2003, 2003.

Harland, A R*; Petzing, J N*; Tyrer, J R*; Bickley, C J; Robinson, S P; Preston, R C (2003) Application and assessment of laser Doppler velocimetry for underwater acoustic measurements. J. Sound Vib., 265 (3). pp. 627-645.

Harris, P M; Davis, J A; Cox, M G; Shemar, S L (2003) Least-squares anaylsis of time series data and its application to two-way satellite time and frequency transfer measurements. Metrologia, 40 (3). S342-S347

Hartree, W S; Theocharous, E; Fox, N P (2003) A wavelength tunable, quasi-cw laser source for high accuracy spectrometric measurement in the 200 nm to 500 nm region. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 4826. pp. 104-112.

Henson, A; Beauvais, D (2003) Metrology in the European research area: the MERA project. In: Métrologie 2003 - 11th International Metrology Congress, 20-23 October 2003, Toulon, France.

Henson, A; Beauvais, D; Redgrave, F J (2003) Globalisation and the integration of the European measurement systems - the MERS project. In: NCSLI (National Conference of Standards Laboratories International Conference), 2003, Tampa, Florida, USA.

Henson, A; Beauvais, D; Redgrave, F J (2003) Globalisation and the integration of the European measurement systems: the MERA project. In: XVII IMEKO World Congress 'Metrology in the 3rd Millennium', 22-27 June 2003, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

Hobbs, C B (2003) Ultrasonic cure monitoring of two industrial processes. NPL Report. MATC(MN)44

Hunt, R A; McCartney, L N (2003) Use of models to predict deformation during the elastic-plastic nano-indentation of coatings. NPL Report. MATC(A)46

I

Ives, D J (2003) Polarisation mode dispersion compensation. Techniques and measurement requirements. NPL Report. CETM 48

J

Johnstone, J; Clifford, C (2003) Report on: force repeatability in imaging forces and force vs distance spectroscopy using an atomic force microscope (AFM). NPL Report. COAM 16

Josephs-Franks, P W; Hao, L; Tzalenchuk, A; Davies, J; Kazakova, O; Gallop, J C; Brown, L; Macfarlane, J C* (2003) Measurement of the spatial sensitivity of miniature SQUIDs using magnetic-tipped STM. Supercond. Sci. Technol., 16. pp. 1570-1574.

K

Khlevnoy, B B; Harrison, N J; Rogers, L J; Pollard, D F; Fox, N P; Sperfeld, P*; Fischer, J*; Friedrich, R*; Metzdorf, J*; Seidel, J*; Samoylov, M L*; Stolyarevskaya, R I*; Khromchenko, V B*; Osgarev, S A*; Sapritsky, V I* (2003) Intercomparison of radiation temperature measurements over the temperature range from 1600 K to 3300K. Metrologia, 40 (1). S39-S44

Kibble, B P; Williams, J M; Jones, R G; Cook, J*; Crisp, P*; Knight, B*; Pickering, J*; Skinner, D* (2003) A guide to measuring direct and alternating current and voltage below 1 MHz. Technical Report. Institute of Measurement and Control / National Physical Laboratory.

Klein, H*; Thomas, D J (2003) Quality assurance. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 107 (1-3). pp. 175-188.

L

Lamura, G*; Purnell, A J*; Cohen, L F*; Andreone, A*; Chiarella, F*; Di Gennaro, E*; Vagilo, R*; Hao, L; Gallop, J C (2003) Microwave intermodulation distortion of MgB2 thin films. Appl. Phys. Lett., 82 (25). pp. 4525-4527.

Le Toux, T; Dusek, M; Hunt, C (2003) The effect of temperature on microstructure of lead-free solder joints. NPL Report. MATC(A)157

Lea, C (2003) Broadband; broad coverage. Global SMT & Packaging, 3 (2). p. 8.

Lea, C (2003) Last year's gadgets; this year's scrap. Global SMT & Packaging, 3 (1). pp. 7-8.

Lea, S N; Rowley, W R C; Margolis, H S; Barwood, G P; Huang, G; Gill, P; Chartier, J.-M*; Windeler, R S* (2003) Absolute frequency measurements of 633 nm iodine-stabilised helium-neon lasers. Metrologia, 40. pp. 84-88.

Leach, R K (2003) Metrology and testing for micro- to nano-technology: a wish list with associated problems. In: Proceedings of euspen Topical Conference on Precision Engineering, Micro Technology, Measurement Techniques and Equipment, 19-20 May 2003, Aachen, Germany.

Leach, R K (2003) Metrology and testing of micro- and nano-systems: current situation and future needs. In: Proceedings of euspen Conference "Transferring Micro-systems Technology Through the Commercial Markets", 14-15 April 2003, NPL, UK.

Leach, R K; Cui, Z*; Flack, D R (2003) Microsystems technology standardisation roadmap. Technical Report. NPL, UK.

Leach, R K; Lewis, A; Singleton, L*; Cui, Z* (2003) Towards a standardisation roadmap for micro-systems technology: review of the MEMSTAND survey. In: Proceedings of euspen "Transferring Micro-systems Technology though the Commercial Markets"., 14-15 April 2003, NPL,UK.

Lehman, J*; Theocharous, E; Eppeldauer, G*; Pannell, C* (2003) Gold-black coatings for freestanding pyroelectric detectors. Meas. Sci. Technol., 14. pp. 916-922.

Lewis, A J (2003) Key comparison CCL-K2 - measurement of long gauge blocks - final report. Metrologia, 40 (Tech. ). 04004.

Lewis, A J (2003) A fully traceable miniature CMM with sub-micrometre uncertainty. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 5190. pp. 265-276.

Lewis, V E (2003) Third IRMF comparison of calibrations of neutron area survey monitors 2001-2002. NPL Report. CIRM 57

Libert, J M*; Kelley, E F*; Boynton, P A*; Brown, S W*; Wall, C F; Campbell, C (2003) Color gamut assessment standard: construction, characterization and interlaboratory measurement comparison. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 4826. pp. 146-164.

Lockmuller, N; Redgrove, J; Kubicar, L* (2003) Measurement of thermal conductivity with the needle probe. High Temp.-High Press., 35-36 (2). pp. 127-138.

Lodeiro, M J; Cain, M G (2003) Application of dielectric and fibre Bragg grating strain measurements to cure monitoring. NPL Report. MATC(MN)53

Lodeiro, M J; Hobbs, C B (2003) Ultrasonic measurements for cure monitoring in polymeric material systems. NPL Report. MATC(MN)47

Lord, G J; Wright, L (2003) Uncertainty evaluation in continuous modelling. NPL Report. CMSC 31/03

Lowe, D; Battuello, M*; Machin, G; Girard, F* (2003) A comparison of size of source effect measurements of radiation thermometers between IMGC and NPL. AIP Conf. Proc., 684 (2). pp. 625-630.

Lowe, D; McEvoy, H C; Machin, G (2003) Design and construction of a new primary standard pyrometer at NPL. AIP Conf. Proc., 684 (2). pp. 553-558.

M

MacGillivray, T*; Campbell, D*; Greated, C*; Barham, R G (2003) The development of a microphone calibration technique using photon correlation spectroscopy. Acta Acustica united with Acoustica, 89 (2). pp. 369-76.

Machin, G; Beynon, G*; Edler, F*; Fourrez, S*; Hartmann, J*; Lowe, D; Morice, R*; Sadli, M*; Villamanan, M (2003) HIMERT: a pan-european project for the development of metal-carbon eutectics as temperature standards. AIP Conf. Proc., 684 (1). pp. 285-290.

Machin, G; Simpson, R (2003) Tympanic thermometer performance validation by use of a body temperature fixed point blackbody. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 5073. pp. 51-7.

Margolis, H S; Barwood, G P; Blythe, P J; Gill, P; Hosaka, K; Huang, G; Klein, H A; Lea, S N; Webster, S A (2003) Trapped ion optical Frequency standards and metrology. In: Digest of LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Photonic Time/Frequency Measurement and Control, 14-16 July 2003, Vancouver, Canada.

Margolis, H S; Huang, G; Barwood, G P; Lea, S N; Klein, H A; Rowley, W R C; Gill, P; Windeler, R S* (2003) Absolute frequency measurement of the 674 nm 88Sr+ clock transition using a femtosecond optical frequency comb. Phys. Rev. A, At. Mol. Opt. Phys., 67. 032501

Martin, N A; Marlow, D J; Henderson, M H; Goody, B A; Quincey, P G (2003) Studies using the sorbent Carbopack X for measuring environmental benzene with Perkin-Elmer-type pumped and diffusive samplers. Atmos. Environ., 37 (7). pp. 871-879.

Martinsons, C D; Levick, A P; Edwards, G J (2003) Measurement of the thermal diffusivity of solids with an improved accuracy. Int. J. Thermophysics, 24 (4). pp. 1171-1183.

Martinsons, C D*; Levick, A P; Edwards, G J (2003) Measurement of the thermal diffusivity of solids with an improved accuracy. Int. J. Thermophysics, 24 (4). pp. 1171-1183.

Maxwell, A S; Owen-Jones, S; Jennett, N M (2003) Measurement of the Poisson's ratio of coatings. NPL Report. MATC(MN)51

Maxwell, A S; Turnbull, A (2003) Chemical probe technique for assessing the susceptibility of polymeric mouldings to environmental stress cracking. Polym. Test., 22. pp. 259-265.

Maxwell, A S; Turnbull, A (2003) Measurement of residual stress in engineering plastics using the hole-drilling technique. Polym. Test., 22. pp. 231-233.

McCartney, L N (2003) Physically based damage models for laminated composites. I Mech. E. J. of Materials: Design & Applications, 217. pp. 163-199.

McEvoy, H C; Machin, G; Friedrich, R*; Hartmann, J*; Hollandt, J* (2003) Comparison of the new NPL primary standard Ag fixed-point blackbody source with the primary standard fixed-point of PTB. AIP Conf. Proc., 684 (2). pp. 909-914.

McEwan, M R*; Sephton, J P; Sharpe, P H G; Shipley, D R (2003) Use of a range scaling method to determine alanine/water stopping power ratios. Radiat. Phys. Chem., 68 (6). pp. 1017-1022.

McEwen, M R*; DuSautoy, A R (2003) Characterization of the water-equivalent material Wte for use in electron beam dosimetry. Phys. Med. Biol., 48. pp. 1885-1893.

Mera, R D; Sims, G D (2003) Round-robin validation exercise for the thick adherend shear test in compression. NPL Report. MATC(MN)46

Milton, M J T; Cox, M G (2003) Evaluating degrees of equivalence using 'exclusive' statistics. Metrologia, 40. L1-L2.

Milton, M J T; Wang, J (2003) High accuracy measurements of CO2 concentration by isotope dilution method. In: 16th Annual Meeting of the Stable Isotope Users Mass Spectrometry Users Group Conference Digest, April 2003, University of Bristol, UK.

Milton, M J T; Wang, J (2003) High accuracy method for the application of isotope dilution to gas chromatography/mass spectrometric analysis of gases. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 17. pp. 2621-2625.

Morgan, A G; Ridler, N M; Salter, M J (2003) Generalized adaptive calibration schemes for precision RF network analyser measurements. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 52 (4). pp. 1266-1272.

Morrell, R; Quested, P N (2003) Evaluation of piston dilatometry for studying the melting behaviour of metals and alloys. High Temp.-High Press., 35/36. pp. 417-435.

Mulligan, D R; Gnaniah, S J P; Sims, G D (2003) Thermal analysis techniques for composites and adhesives (second edition). Measurement Good Practice Guide. 62

N

Nelson, L J*; Bowen, C R*; Stevens, R*; Cain, M G; Stewart, M (2003) High field behaviour of piezoelectric fibre composites. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 5053. pp. 544-555.

Nelson, L J*; Bowen, C R*; Stevens, R*; Cain, M G; Stewart, M (2003) Modelling and measurement of piezoelectric fibres and interdigitated electrodes for the optimisation of piezofibre composites. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 5053. pp. 556-567.

Nothofer, A; Alexander, M J; Bozec, D*; Marvin, A*; McCormack, L* (2003) The use of GTEM cells for EMC measurements. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 65

Nurgaliev, T*; Purnell, A J*; Qi, X*; Berenov, A*; Bugoslavsky, Y*; MacManus-Driscoll, J L*; Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Cohan, L F* (2003) Investigation of microwave losses in superconducting liquid phase epitaxy Y0.7Yb0.3Ba2Cu3O7-d films. Supercond. Sci. Technol., 16. pp. 654-659.

O

Osgerby, S; Nunn, J W; Banks, J P; Maxwell, A S; Aldrich-Smith, G (2003) Young's Modulus measurement for coatings used in gas turbines. NPL Report. MATC(MN)54

P

Palmans, H (2003) Effect of alanine energy response and phantom material on depth dose measurements in ocular proton beams. Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment, 2 (6). pp. 579-586.

Palmans, H; Defloor, M*; Benmokhtar, S; Rosser, K E (2003) Scatter and heat conduction correction factors for two glass vessel geometries in sealed water calorimeters. In: Workshop on Recent Advances in Absorbed Dose Standards, 19-21 August 2003, Melbourne, Australia.

Palmans, H; Thomas, R A S; Duane, S; Kacperek, A*; Nutbrown, R F; DuSautoy, A R; Verhaegen, F* (2003) Feasibility of graphite and water calorimetry in low-energy clinical proton beams. In: Workshop on Recent Advances in Absorbed Dose Standards, 19-21 August 2003, Melbourne, Australia.

Paulter, N G*; Smith, A J A; Larson, D R*; Souders, T M*; Roddie, A G (2003) NIST-NPL interlaboratory pulse measurement comparison. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 52 (6). pp. 1825-1833.

Pavese, F*; Ferri, D*; Peroni, I*; Pugliese, A*; Steur, P P A*; Fellmuth, B*; Head, D I; Lipinski, L*; Peruzzi, A*; Grzebyk, A S*; Wolber, L* (2003) Cryogenic temperature sealed fixed points: a new-generation of nuclear cells at IMGC. AIP Conf. Proc., 684 (1). pp. 179-178.

Pavese, F*; fellmuth, B*; Head, D I; Hermier, Y*; Peruzzi, A*; Grzebyk, A S*; Zanin, L* (2003) MULTICELLS: a European project on cryogenic temperature fixed points in sealed cells. AIP Conf. Proc., 684 (1). pp. 161-166.

Peggs, G N (2003) Virtual technologies for advanced manufacturing and metrology. Int. J. Comput. Integr. Manfu., 16 (7-8). pp. 485-490.

Peggs, G N; Lewis, A; Leach, R K (2003) Measuring in three dimensions at the mesoscopic level. In: Proceedings of the ASPE Winter Topical Meeting - Machines and Processes for Micro-scale and Meso-scale Fabrication, Metrology and Assembly., January 2003, Florida, USA.

Peng, L*; Yuzhul, M*; Chaosheng, H*; Pavese, F*; Peroni, I*; Head, D I; Rusby, R L (2003) Realization of the lambda transition temperature of 4He using sealed cells. AIP Conf. Proc., 684 (1). pp. 191-195.

Pennecchi, F*; Cox, M G; Bich, W* (2003) Order statistics and uncertainty evaluation. In: UNCERT 2003 International Conference on the Uncertainty of Measurement - Technical Conference, 9-10 April 2003, St Catherine's College, Oxford, UK.

Pointer, M R (2003) Measuring visual appearance - a framework of the future. Project 2.3 measurement of appearance. NPL Report. COAM 19

Pointer, M R (2003) New directions - soft metrology requirements for support from mathematics, statistics and software: recommendations for the Software Support for Metrology programme 2004-2007. NPL Report. CMSC 20/03

Purnell, A J*; Zhukov, A A*; Nurgaliev, T*; Lamura, G*; Bugoslavsky, Y*; Lockman, Z*; MacManus-Driscoll, J L*; Zhai, H Y*; Christen, H M*; Paranthaman, M P*; Lowndes, D H*; Jo, M H*; Blamire, M G*; Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Cohan, L F* (2003) The microwave surface impedance of MgB2 thin films. Supercond. Sci. Technol., 16. pp. 1-6.

R

Rayner, D (2003) Survey of international activities in Internet-enabled metrology. NPL Report. CMSC 21/03

Redgrave, F J; Henson, A (2003) Improving dialogue bewteen the European regulatory bodies and the National Measurement Institutes through the RegMet project. In: Métrologie 2003 - 11th International Metrology Congress, 20-23 October 2003, Toulon, France.

Redgrave, F J; Henson, A (2003) Improving dialogue in Europe between the regulatory bodies and the National Measurement Institutes through the RegMet project. In: NCSLI (National Conference of Standards Laboratories International Conference), 2003, Tampa, Florida, USA.

Redgrave, F J; Henson, A; Beauvais, D (2003) Metrology for improved measurements in international regulation and trade: the RegMet and MetroTrade projects. In: XVII IMEKO World Congress 'Metrology in the 3rd Millennium', 22-27 June 2003, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

Redgrave, F J; Henson, A; Beauvais, D (2003) Metrology for improved measurements in international regulation and trade: the RegMet project. In: XVII IMEKO World Congress 'Metrology in the 3rd Millennium', 22-27 June 2003, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

Reilly, S (2003) High resolution reflectometry techniques. Capabilities and calibration requirements. NPL Report. CETM 47

Ridler, N M; Morgan, A G (2003) ANAMET-032 : 'Live' dial gauge measurement investigation using type-N connectors. Technical Report. NPL, UK.

Roberts, S J; McCartney, L N (2003) New method of measuring elastic properties of coatings: part I - theoretical approach. NPL Report. MATC(A)146

Roberts, S J; McCartney, L N (2003) Predicting steady state interface debonding in a multi-layered coated system under biaxial mechanical and thermal loading. NPL Report. MATC(A)144

Roberts, S J; McCartney, L N; Wright, L (2003) Predicting steady state interface debonding in a two-layer coated system under biaxial loading and bending. NPL Report. MATC(A)143

Roebuck, B; Gee, M G; Gant, A; Loveday, M S (2003) Miniature thermo-mechanical ramping tests for accelerated material discrimination. ASTM Spec. Tech. Publ., 1428. pp. 270-281.

Roebuck, B; Loveday, M S; Chastel, Y*; Fiorucci, G*; dal Negro, T* (2003) High temperature solid torsion tests. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 58

Rogers, L J; Theocharous, E; Ishii, J*; Fox, N P (2003) Development and evaluation of a novel large area single pixel QWIP for infrared radiometry. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 5209 (1). pp. 219-27.

S

Salter, M J (2003) Calculating uncertainties in magnitude and phase by Monte Carlo simulations. In: UNCERT 2003 International Conference on the Uncertainty of Measurement - Technical Conference, 9-10 April 2003, St Catherine's College, Oxford, UK.

Seah, M P (2003) Instrument calibration for AES and XPS. In: Surface Analysis by Auger and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (eds D Briggs and J T Grant). I M Publications, pp. 167-189. ISBN 1 901019 04 7

Seah, M P (2003) Quantification in AES and XPS. In: Surface Analysis by Auger and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (eds D Briggs and J T Grant). I M Publications, pp. 345-375. ISBN 1 901019 04 7

Seah, M P (2003) Summary of ISO/TC 201 standard XI. ISO 17974:2002 - Surface chemical analysis - high-resolution Auger electron spectrometers - calibration of energy scales for elemental and chemical-state analysis. Surf. Interface Anal., 35. pp. 327-328.

Seah, M P (2003) Summary of ISO/TC 201 standard XII. ISO 17973:2002 - Surface chemical analysis - medium-resolution Auger electron spectrometers - calibration of energy scales for elemental analysis. Surf. Interface Anal., 35. pp. 329-330.

Seah, M P; Spencer, S J (2003) Degradation of poly(vinyl chloride) and nitrocellulose in XPS. Surf. Interface Anal., 35. pp. 906-913.

Seah, M P; Spencer, S J (2003) Ultra-thin SiO2 on Si: IV, thickness linearity and intensity measurements in XPS. Surf. Interface Anal., 35. pp. 515-524.

Seah, M P; Spencer, S J (2003) Ultrathin Sio2 on Si. I quantifying and removing carbonaceous contamination. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 21 (2). pp. 345-352.

Shaw, A; Clemence, M* (2003) MR imaging of temperature rise in ultrasound fields of diagnostic relevance. NPL Report. CAIR 7

Shaw, M J; Clarke, P J; Burnitt, T A* (2003) The design of the new NPL reference spectrofluorimeter. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 5192 (1). pp. 30-35.

Shaw, R M; Sims, G D (2003) Round-robin validation exercise for the determination of pin bearing strength. NPL Report. MATC(MN)50

Shaw, R M; Sims, G D (2003) Round-robin validation exercise for the determination of through-thickness shear strength in compression. NPL Report. MATC(MN)48

Sims, G D (2003) Review of composites standardisation activities, April 2002 - March 2003. NPL Report. MATC(A)151

Singleton, L*; Leach, R K; Cui, Z* (2003) Analysis of the MEMSTAND survey on standardisation for microsystems technology. In: Proceedings of the International Seminar MEMSTAND - "Standardisation for Microsystems: the Way Forward"., 24-26 February 2003, Barcelona, Spain.

Smith, A J A; Harper, M R; Basu, A (2003) Progress in high-speed time domain metrology at NPL. In: 62nd ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference, 4-5 December 2003, Boulder, USA.

Stevens, R F (2003) Measuring polarisation extinction ratio for optical fibres and components. NPL Report. CETM 43

Szymaniec, K; Chalupczak, W; Henderson, D (2003) Initial evaluation of the NPL caesium fountain frequency standard. In: Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and PDS Exhibition (jointly with the 17th European Frequency and Time Forum), 3-9 May 2003, Tempa, Florida, USA.

T

Tagziria, T; Roberts, N J; Thomas, D J (2003) Measurement of the 241Am-Li radionuclide neutron source spectrum. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A, Accel. Spectrom. Detec. Assoc. Equip., 510. pp. 346-356.

Theobald, P; Robinson, S P; Thompson, A D; Preston, R C; Lepper, P*; Swift, C*; Yuebing, W*; Tyrer, J*; Hargrave, S* (2003) Fundamental standards for acoustics based on optical methods - phase two report for sound in water. NPL Report. CAIR 3

Theobald, P D; Bickley, C J; Robinson, S P (2003) Recent progress at NPL in the use of optical techniques for hydrophone calibration. In: Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics meeting on Underwater Acoustic Measurement and Testing., 9-10 January 2003, NPL, UK.

Theocharous, E; Clarke, F J J; Rogers, L J; Fox, N P (2003) Latest measurement techniques at NPL for the characteristization of infrared detectors and materials. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 5209 (1). pp. 228-239.

Theocharous, E; Clarke, F J J; Rogers, L J; Fox, N P (2003) The latest measurement techniques at NPL for the characterisation of infrared detectors and materials. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 5209. pp. 228-239.

Theocharous, E; Fox, N P (2003) Reversible and apparent ageing effects in infrared detectors. Metrologia, 40. S136-S140

Thomas, D J; Klein, H* (2003) Introduction (to Handbook on neutron and photon spectrometry techniques for radiation protection - special issue). Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 107 (1-3). pp. 13-21.

Thwaites, D I*; DuSautoy, A R; Jordon, T*; McEwen, M R*; Nisbet, A*; Nahum, A E*; Pitchford, W G* (2003) The IPEM code of practice for electron dosimetry for radiotherapy beams of initial energy from 4 to 25 MeV based on an absorbed dose to water calibration. Phys. Med. Biol., 48 (18). pp. 2929-2970.

Tomlins, P; Grant, P V; Mikhalovsky, S*; James, S*; Mikhalovska, L* (2003) Measurement of pore size and porosity of tissue scaffolds. ASTM Spec. Tech. Publ., 1452. pp. 3-11.

Tomlins, P E (2003) Investigation of non-linearity in long fibre amplifiers. NPL Report. CETM 54

Turnbull, A; Griffiths, A J (2003) Corrosion and cracking of weldable 13 wt-%Cr martensitic stainless steels for application in the oil and gas industry. Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology, 38 (1). pp. 21-50.

Turnbull, A; Ryan, M*; Willetts, A; Zhou, S (2003) Corrosion and electrochemical behaviour of 316L stainless steel in acetic solutions. Corros. Sci., 45. pp. 1051-1072.

Turnbull, A; Zhou, S (2003) Steam turbines part 2 - stress corrosion cracking of turbine disc steels. Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology, 38 (3). pp. 177-191.

Tyler, D K; Woods, M J (2003) Syringe calibration factors for the NPL secondary standard radionuclide calibrator for selected medical radionuclides. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 59 (5-6). pp. 367-372.

U

Usadi, E; Crane, L (2003) Laser-based spectrophotometry at NPL. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 5192 (1). pp. 36-45.

W

Wall, C F (2003) A study of the measurement requirements within the UK dispalys market place. NPL Report. CETM 42

Webster, S A; Hosaka, K; Blythe, P J; Margolis, H S; Lea, S N; Huang, G; Rowley, W R C; Gill, P (2003) Femtosecond comb measurements of the 467 nm electric octupole transition in 171Yb+. NPL Report. CBTLM 28

White, H M; Campbell, C (2003) The synthesis of L-band wavelength references via four-wave mixing. NPL Report. CETM 53

Wickham, M; Fry, A T; Hunt, C (2003) Developing a test to characterise internal stress in tin coatings: phase 1. NPL Report. MATC(A)148

Wickham, M; Zou, L; Dusek, M; Hunt, C P (2003) Influence of stencil and aperture design on fine pitch printing for various solder paste types. NPL Report. MATC(A)145

Wickman, M; Brewin, A; Zou, L; Hunt, C (2003) Code of practice for the electronic components and PCBs in lead-free processing. NPL Report. MATC(A)141

Williams, R G; Ballard, G (2003) Calibration of a surround panel used to measure window and door U-values in the rotatable hot box apparatus as specified in BS EN ISO 12567-1:2000. NPL Report. CBTLM 26

Williams, R G; Ballard, G (2003) Validation of the NPL rotatable wall guarded hot box with horizontal heat flow. NPL Report. CBTLM 25

Williams, R G; Tye, R (2003) Validation of measurement techniques and the determination of data required for thermal modelling of moist masonry walls. In: 2nd International Conference on Building Physics, 2003, Leuven, Belgium.

Woods, D H; Arinc, A; Dean, J C J; Pearce, A K; Collins, S M; Harms, A V; Stroak, A J (2003) Environmental radioactivity comparison exercise 2002 (overseas report). NPL Report. CAIR 5

Woods, D H; Arinc, A; Dean, J C J; Pearce, A K; Collins, S M; Harms, A V; Stroak, A J (2003) Environmental radioactivity comparison exercise 2002. NPL Report. CAIR 1

Woolliams, E R; Hunt, T M; Harrison, N J; Windsor, S A; Fox, N P; Mountford, J R; Rogers, L J; Pegrum, H M (2003) Improve transfer standard sources for calibration of field spectrometers used for Earth observation applications. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 4881. pp. 386-394.

Y

Yacoot, A; Cross, N R (2003) Measurement of picometre non-linearity in an optical grating encoder using x-ray interferometry. Meas. Sci. Technol., 14. pp. 148-152.

Yacoot, A; Koenders, L* (2003) From nanometre to millimetre: a feasibility study of the combination of scanning probe microscopy and combined optical and X-ray interferometry. Meas. Sci. Technol., 14 (9). N59-N63

Z

Zhang, B; Redgrove, J; Clark, J (2003) New apparatus for measurement of the spectral, angular and total emissivity of solids. High Temp.-High Press., 35-36 (3). pp. 289-302.

Zhou, S; Turnbull, A (2003) Effect of oxygen and chloride on pitting and stress corrosion cracking of steam turbine disc steel. NPL Report. MATC(A)133

Zhou, S; Turnbull, A (2003) Steam turbines part 1 - operating conditions and impurities in condensates, liquid films and deposits. Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology, 38 (2). pp. 97-111.

This list was generated on Thu Nov 14 10:25:43 2019 GMT.