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Number of items: 253.

A

Adamson, D B; Ridler, N M (2000) Information on some popular waveguide sizes. Technical Report.

Andon, R J L; Chapman, L; Day, A; Mills, K C (2000) Viscosities of liquid metals and commercial alloys. NPL Report. CMMT(A)167

Andrews, A S; Butterfield, D M; Gee, M G; Robinson, R A (2000) UK ambient hydrocarbon air quality network: 1999 audit report. NPL Report. COEM 52

Andrews, A S; Butterfield, D M; Robinson, R A; Alderwick, W A M; Gee, R M; Quaiter, C C (2000) Summary of UK hydrocarbon air quality network operations during 1999. NPL Report. COEM 50

Angliss, R F; Moretti, C J (2000) Review of requirements for a primary standard of air kerma for 60Co and 137Cs gamma-rays at protection level air kerma rates. NPL Report. CIRM 36

Arnaut, L R (2000) Complex media in complex fields: a statistical approach. In: Bianisotropics 2000 - 8th International Conference on Electromagnetics of Complex Media, 27-29 September 2000, Lisboa, Portugal.

Arnaut, L R (2000) Complex media in complex fields: a statistical approach. In: Bianisotropics 2000 - 8th International Conference on Electromagnetics of Complex Media, 27-29 September 2000, Lisbon, Portugal.

Arnaut, L R (2000) Effect of antenna aperture, EUT and stirrer step size on measurement in mode-stirred reverberation chambers. In: 2000 IEEE Symposium on Elecromagnetic Compatibility, 21-25 August 2000, Washington D.C., USA.

Arnaut, L R (2000) Uncertainty reduction and decorrelation of mode-stirred reverberation chamber data using transformation and expansion techniques. In: 4th European Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 11-15 September 2000, Brugge, Belgium.

Arnaut, L R (2000) Uncertainty reduction and decorrelation of mode-stirred reverberation chamber data using transformation and expansion techniques. In: 4th European Symposium on EMC, 11-15 September 2000, Brugge.

Arnaut, L R (2000) Uncertainty reduction and decorrelation of mode-stirred reverberation chamber data using transformation and expansion techniques. NPL Report. CETM 21

Awan, S A; Kibble, B P; Robinson, I A (2000) Calibration of IVDs at frequencies up to 1MHz by permuting capacitors. IEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Technol., 147 (4). pp. 193-195.

Awan, S A; Kibble, B P; Robinson, I A; Giblin, S P (2000) A new four terminal-pair bridge for impedance measurements at frequencies up to 1 MHz. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

B

Baker, M; Woods, M J (2000) Intercomparison of 123I solution sources in UK hospitals, 2000. NPL Report. CIRM 38

Balling, P*; Fox, N P (2000) Response linearity test of biased 1337 traps. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Barker, R M (2000) Software re-use: guide to METROS. (Software Support for Metrology Best Practice Guide No. 5). Technical Report. NPL. UK, Teddington.

Barker, R M; Harris, P M; Parkin, G I (2000) Development and testing of spreadsheet applications. (Software for Metrology Best Practice Guide No. 7). Technical Report. NPL, UK, Teddington.

Barker, R M; Morgan, G* (2000) Design of the metrology software environment (METROS). NPL Report. CISE 43/00

Barker, R M; Morgan, G* (2000) Specification of the METROS key function. NPL Report. CISE 44/00

Barker, R M; Wichmann, B (2000) Guidance for accredited laboratories on the use of computers. Accreditation and Quality Assurance, 5 (7). pp. 287-288.

Barnett, M; Morrell, R; Hill, G J; Cain, M G (2000) EC SMT project, 'CERAMELEC' WP10 - Electric Strength. NPL Report. CMMT(A)294

Barrett, J; Dainton, M P (2000) Testing spreadsheets and other packages used in Metrology. Testing the intinsic functions of S-PLUS. NPL Report. CMSC 06/00

Barrett, J; Dainton, M P (2000) Testing spreadsheets and other packages used in metrology. Testing the intrinsic functions of MathCAD. NPL Report. CMSC 05/00

Bartholomew-Biggs, M L*; Forbes, A B (2000) A robust search strategy in a Non-linear Least Squares Solver. J. Optim. Theory Appl., 104 (1). pp. 215-234.

Barwood, G P; Gao, K; Gill, P; Huang, G; Klein, H A (2000) Development of optical frequency standards based upon the 2S1/2 - 2D5/2 transition in 88Sr+. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Basile, G*; Becker, P*; Bergamin, A*; Cavagnero, G*; Franks, A; Jackson, K; Kuetgens, U*; Mana, G*; Palmer, E W; Robbie, C J; Stedman, M; Stumpel, J*; Yacoot, A; Zosi, G* (2000) Combined optical and x-ray interferometry for high precision dimensional metrology. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A, 456. pp. 701-729.

Belliss, J H (2000) International comparison of 10pF and 100 pF capacitance standards: EUROMET Project No. 345. Metrologia, 37. pp. 313-316.

Billington, R (2000) Requirements for the characterisation of non-linear effects in optical fibre amplifiers. NPL Report. COEM 41

Billington, R; Bongrand, I*; Hallam, A*; Humphreys, D A; Parker, A; Walker, B; Wells, D S (2000) Effective area of single-mode optical fibres - a comparison of four measurement techniques. In: European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2000, September 2000, Munich, Germany.

Billington, R; Walker, B (2000) Experimental investigations into four-wave mixing in optical fibre. NPL Report. COEM 43

Brooks, M; Loveday, M S (2000) Friction and oxide strength data for forging and rolling process modelling. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)071

Brosnan, W E; Baker, M; Collins, S M; Dean, J C J; Johal, S K; de Lavison, P A G; Jerome, S M; Keightley, J D; Scott, C J; Woods, M J (2000) Environmental radioactivity intercomparison exercise 2000. NPL Report. CIRM 35

Broughton, W R (2000) Durability performance of adhesive joints. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 28

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M J (2000) Cyclic fatigue of continuous unidirectional polymer matrix composites. NPL Report. CMMT(A)249

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M J (2000) Environmental and fatigue testing of fibre-reinforced polymer composites. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)67

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M J (2000) Environmental and fatigur testing of fibre bundles and impregnated strands. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)63

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M J (2000) Fatigue testing of composite laminates. NPL Report. CMMT(A)252

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M J (2000) Techniques for monitoring water absorption in fibre-reinforced polymer composites. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)064

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M J; Maudgal, S (2000) Accelerated test methods for assessing environmental degradation of composite laminates. NPL Report. CMMT(A)251

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M J; Mulligan, D R (2000) Environmental degradation of undirectional composites. NPL Report. CMMT(A)250

Brown, C S; Allen, C R G; Rides, M; Sharma, L; Spitteler, P (2000) In-process monitoring of the flow properties of polymers for extrusion, compounding and injection moulding. NPL Report. CMMT(A)260

Brown, C S; Hobbs, C B; Spitteler, P (2000) Monitoring processing of reactive polymer systems using ultrasonics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)261

Brown, C S; Hobbs, C B; Spitteler, P H J (2000) Ultrasonic monitoring of reactive polymer processing. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)059

Byrne, W P; Morrell, R (2000) Results of the UK interlaboratory strength test exercide. NPL Report. CMMT(A)296

C

Campos, J*; Fontecha, J L*; Pons, A*; Hanson, A; Williams, D; Verrill, J (2000) NPL-CSIC comparison of regular reflectance measurements. Metrologia, 37 (4). pp. 323-327.

Chakravorty, S (2000) Evaluation of casting waxes. Foundry Trade Journal (May). pp. 22-25.

Coleman, D; Zhou, S; Turnbull, A; Song, J* (2000) The use of neural networks to predict the susceptibility of duplex stainless steels to sulphide stress corrosion cracking. In: Eurocorr 2000, September 2000, London, UK.

Cornish, S L*; Lui, Yi-Wei*; Lane, I C*; Baird, P E G*; Barwood, G P; Taylor, P; Rowley, W R C (2000) Interferometric measurements of 127I2 reference frequencies for 1S-2S spectroscopy in muonium, hydrogen and deuterium. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 17 (1). pp. 6-10.

Cox, M G; Dainton, M P; Harris, P M (2000) Testing functions for linear regression. NPL Report. CMSC 08/00

Cox, M G; Dainton, M P; Harris, P M (2000) Testing functions for the calculation of standard deviation. NPL Report. CMSC 07/00

Cox, M G; Dainton, M P; Harris, P M; Ridler, N M; Young, P R (2000) A generalised treatment of the calibration and measurement for vector-indicating microwave reflectometers. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) Digest, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Cox, M G; Harris, P M (2000) Guidelines to help users select and use software for their metrology applications. NPL Report. CMSC 04/00

Cox, M G; Harris, P M (2000) Testing spreadsheets and other packages used in metrology, report on discussions with other national measurement institutes (1999-2000). NPL Report. CMSC 03/00

Cumpson, P J (2000) The thickogram: a method for easy film-thickness measurement in XPS. Surf. Interface Anal., 29. pp. 403-406.

D

Davies, R H; Dinsdale, A T; Gisby, J A; Martin, S M (2000) MTDATA handbook assessment module. NPL Report. CMMT(A)257

Davies, R*; London, J*; Leach, R K; Turner, N (2000) 'Measurement matters' consistent and accurate measurement for the clothing industry. In: IFFTI 3rd Annual Conference Fashion Directions: Visioning the Future, 8-9 November 2000, London College of Fashion.

Deadman, A J (2000) Diffuse reflectance measurements carried out in the visible region with improved accuracy. NPL Report. COEM 45

Dean, G; Crocker, L E (2000) Comparison of the measured and predicted deformation of an adhesively bonded lap-joint specimen. NPL Report. CMMT(A)293

Dean, G; Hunt, R A; Shastri, R* (2000) Illustrations of the application of finite element and processing simulation analyses to plastics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)266

Dean, G; Wright, L (2000) Deformation of a centrally loaded circular plate of a thermoplastic material: comparison of measurements with predictions using finite element analysis. NPL Report. CMMT(A)299

Dean, G D; Shastri, R* (2000) Committee draft for an ISO guide to the acquisition and presentation of design data for plastics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)256

Delahaye, F*; Kibble, B P; Zarka, A* (2000) Effect of a back gate on the AC characteristics of quantum hall devices. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Dudley, R A; Ridler, N M (2000) Calibration over the internet. Qual. Today (May). s12-s14

Dudley, R A; Ridler, N M; Williams, J M (2000) Internet-based calibrations of electrical quantities at UK's National Physical Laboratory. CalLab Mag., 7 (6). pp. 22-25.

Dudley, R A; Ridler, N M; Williams, J M (2000) Internet-based calibrations of electrical quantities at the UK's National Physical Laboratory. In: National Conference of Standards Laboratories (NCSL) Workshop and Symposium, 16-20 July 2000, Toronto, Canada.

Duncan, B C; Crocker, L E; Urquhart, J M (2000) Evaluation of hyperelastic finite element models for flexible adhesive joints. NPL Report. CMMT(A)285

Duncan, B C; Hinopoulos, G; Ogilvy-Robb, K; Arranz, E (2000) Rate and temperature dependent mechanical properties of a flexible adhesive. NPL Report. CMMT(A)262

Dusek, M; Hunt, C (2000) Best practice guide for thermocycling and reliability assessment of solder joints. NPL Report. CMMT(A)274

Dusek, M; Jonck, R; Subotic, B; Nottay, J; Tomlins, P E (2000) Conductive adhesives versus lead based solders : a comparison of performance. NPL Report. CMMT(A)297

Dusek, M; Nottay, J; Hunt, C (2000) A test methodology for assessing Pb-free solder joint reliability. NPL Report. CMMT(A)273

Dusek, M; Nottay, J; Hunt, C (2000) The use of shear testing and thermal cycling for assessment of solder joint reliability. NPL Report. CMMT(A)268

de Lavison, P; Husband, L J; Jerome, S M; Keightley, J D; Woodman, A P; Woods, D H; Woods, S A (2000) The standardisation of 229Th for an environmental yield tracer. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 53. pp. 243-249.

E

Edwards, C S; Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Stevens, M; Schirmer, B*; Benyon, R*; Mackrodt, P* (2000) An IR tunable diode laser absorption spectrometer for trace humidity measurements at atmospheric pressure. IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Newsletter, 14 (5). pp. 13-14.

Edwards, C S; Gill, P; Taylor, P (2000) Experimental verification of a swept-frequency laser interferometer for distance measurement. NPL Report. CBTLM 4

Esward, T J; Ablitt, J; Robinson, S P; Beamiss, G A (2000) Development of a primary standard for hydrophone calibrations in the frequency range from 20 Hz to 2kHz based on the principle of coupler reciprocity. In: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics, July 2000, Lyon, France.

Esward, T J; Persson, H*; Kollman, C*; Chinchurreta Segovia, F J*; Beissner, K*; Ludwig, G*; Ward, B*; Whittingham, T A*; Eisenberg, A*; Pessel, M*; Hekkenberg, R T*; Duck, F A*; Knuuttila, J* (2000) A european comparison of medical ultrasonic field measurements: interpreting IEC 61157. Acustica - Acta Acust., 86 (6). pp. 1000-1010.

F

Ferriss, D H; Quested, P N (2000) Some comparisons of the Rosco and Beckwith-Newell analyses for the determination of viscosity of liquid metals using the oscillating cup viscometer. NMW 5.08 The choice of equations for the measurement of viscosity by the oscillating cylinder method. NPL Report. CMMT(A)306

Flack, D R (2000) Small angle generator final traceability report. NPL Report. CBTLM 3

Fletcher, N E; Williams, J M; Janssen, T J B M (2000) A cryogenic current comparator resistance ratio bridge for the range 10k Ohms to 1G ohms. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Fletcher, S H; Alexander, M J; Jee, J C; Liang, W; Loader, B G (2000) Effect on the E-field distribution of ferrite tiling on the walls of the MEB 1750 GTEM cell. NPL Report. CETM 18

Fletcher, S H; Loader, B G; Alexander, M J (2000) Examination of the E-field distribution in the MEB 1750 GTEM cell. NPL Report. CETM 17

Forbes, A B; Harris, P M (2000) Simulated instruments and uncertainty estimation. NPL Report. CMSC 01/00

Franks, A; Jackson, K; Yacoot, A (2000) A parabolic mirror x-ray collimator. Meas. Sci. Technol., 11. pp. 484-488.

G

Gallop, J C; Hao, L (2000) Applications of coupled dielectric resonantors using HTS coated pucks: tunable resonators and novel thermometry. Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser., 167. pp. 319-322.

Gallop, J C; Hao, L (2000) Applications of coupled dielectric resonators using SrTiO3 pucks: tunable resonators and novel thermometry. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Gardiner, T; Wielgosz, R; Holland, P E; Brown, A; D'Souza, H; Henderson, M (2000) Odour standards, measurements and characterisation. NPL Report. COEM 56

Gee, M G; Alliston-Greiner, A* (2000) Associate programme: tribology in foresight. Framework document. NPL Report. CMMT(A)259

Gee, M G; Roebuck, B (2000) Tungsten carbide for abrasion resistant applications. In: IMechE Conf. Powder Metallurgy in Design for Wear, Corrosion and Fatigue Resistance, 2000.

Gee, M G; Wicks, M J (2000) Ball crater testing for the measurement of the unlubricated sliding wear of wear-resistant coatings. Surf. Coat. Technol., 133-13. pp. 376-382.

Gelat, P N; Hodnett, M; Zeqiri, B (2000) Establishing a reference ultrasonic cleaning vessel: Part 1 supporting infrastructure and early measurements. NPL Report. CMAM 55

Giblin, S P; Awan, S A; Williams, J M; Schurr, J*; Melcher, J*; Campenhausen, A V*; Pierz, K*; Hein, G* (2000) Frequency dependance of the AC Quantum Hall effect; comparison of data from two laboratories. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Gill, P (2000) Optical Clocks coming of age. Nature, 407 (6804). pp. 579-580.

Gill, P; Huang, G; Lea, S N; Margolis, H S (2000) An optical frequency chain for absolute frequency measurement of the 445 THz strontium trapped ion frequency standard. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (2000) Ion detection efficiency in SIMS: dependencies on energy, mass and composition for microchannel plates used in mass spectrometry. Int. J Mass Spectrom., 202. pp. 217-229.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (2000) Static SIMS: an inter-laboratory study. Surf. Interface Anal., 29. pp. 624-637.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (2000) Static SIMS: towards unfragmented mass spectra - the G-SIMS procedure. Appl. Surf. Sci., 161. pp. 465-480.

Gregory, A P; Etzel, S; Clarke, R N (2000) Precise measurements on dielectric reference liquids over the temperature range 5-50 ºC using coaxial line methods. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

H

Hall, M J; Drake, A E; Henderson, L C A (2000) Traceable measurements of soft magnetic materials at high frequencies. J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 215-21. pp. 717-719.

Hanes, P (2000) Methods of free-field calibration of working standard microphones by comparison techniques: Euromat project 400. NPL Report. CMAM 57

Hanes, P (2000) Shaking all over. Acoust. Bull., 25 (5). p. 36.

Hanson, A R; Taylor, J A F; Basu, M A; Williams, D C; Zwinkels, J*; Czepluch, W* (2000) Report on project QR9816B1 gloss measurements at NPL. NPL Report. COEM 47

Hao, L; Gallop, J C (2000) Spatial variation of the non-linear surface impedance of HTS films. Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser., 167. pp. 33-36.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Klein, N*; Winter, M* (2000) Low phase noise temperature-compensated cryogenic whispering gallery mode resonator operated at 63 K in a closed cycle cooler. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Macfarlane, J C; Carr, C* (2000) HTS SQUID current comparator for ion beam measurements. Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser., 167. pp. 445-448.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Macfarlane, J C; Peden, D A*; Pegrum, C M* (2000) Simulations and experiments on HTS resistive SQUIDs. Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser., 167. pp. 469-472.

Hao, L; Peden, D A; Macfarlane, J C*; Gallop, J C (2000) Characterisation of TBCO/Au/YBCO resistors for HTS Josephson noise thermometry. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Harris, G R*; Preston, R C; De Reggi, A S* (2000) The impact of piezoelectric PVDF on medical ultrasound exposure measurements, standards and regulations. IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Feroelectr. Freq. Control, 47 (6). pp. 1321-1335.

Henderson, L C A (2000) Editorial on electromagnetic measurements. IEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Technol., 147 (4). p. 173.

Holland, P E; Davenport, A J; Uprichard, I J; D'Souza, H; Alphonso, D; Woods, P T; Milton, M J T (2000) The preparation and certification of secondary gas standards by the National Physical Laboratory. NPL Report. COEM 54

Hudson, P M*; Cohen, L F*; Yates, K A*; Damay, F*; MacManus-Driscoll, J*; Mathur, N*; Blamire, M*; Pakes, C I*; Josephs-Franks, P W (2000) Spectroscopic and topographic study of LCMO thin films using low-temperature STM. J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 226-23 (2). pp. 2007-2008.

Humphreys, D A (2000) Saturated optogalvanic transition in krypton at 1564 nm. NIST Special Publication, 953. pp. 25-28.

Humphreys, D A; Billington, R S; Parker, A; Walker, B; Wells, D S; Hallam, A G*; Bongrand, I* (2000) A comparison of three techniques for effective area measurement of single-mode optical fibres. NIST Special Publication, 953. pp. 61-64.

Hunt, C P (2000) Tack testing: critique and recommendations for a new test. NPL Report. CMMT(A)253

Hunt, T M (2000) NPL developing improved UV-B Source. CalLab Mag., 7 (1). p. 16.

Hunt, T M (2000) Was Newton the first to show that visible light is polychromatic? Eng. Sci. Educ. J., 9 (4). pp. 185-191.

I

Ingelbrecht, C D*; Loveday, M S (2000) The certification of ambient temperature tensile properties of a reference material for tensile testing according to EN10002-1: CRM 661. Technical Report. European Commision.

Ives, D J (2000) Measurements of the distribution of polarisation mode dispersion (PMD) along an optical fibre system. NPL Report. COEM 55

Ives, D J (2000) An intercomparison of polarisation mode dispersion measurements and calibration artefacts. NIST Special Publication, 953. pp. 91-94.

J

Janssen, T J B M; Hartland, A (2000) Recent measurements of single electron transport in surface acoustic wave devices at the NPL. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Jiggins, M; Berry, B F (2000) Aircraft noise at school and children's cognitive performance and stress responses (the West London School Study). Aircraft noise measurements and personal dosimetry. NPL Report. CMAM 68

Jones, R G; Clarkson, P; Wheaton, A J (2000) Calibration of AC current shunts. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Jones, R G; Clarkson, P; Wheaton, A J; Wright, P S (2000) Calibration of AC voltage. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Josephs-Franks, P W; Flowers, J L; Petley, B W (2000) Progress towards a measurement of the bound electron to proton g-factor ratio at 0.6 tesla. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Josephs-Franks, P W; Reed, R; Pakes, C I (2000) Small area, low-inductance niobium SQUID for the detection of single atomic spin-flips. Physica B, 280. pp. 540-541.

K

Kanda, M*; Camell, D*; Achkar, J*; Alexander, M J; de Vreede, J P M*; Borsero, M*; Yajima, H* (2000) International comparison GT/RF 86-1 electric field strengths, 27 MHz to 10 GHz. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Kanda, M*; Camell, D*; de Vreede, J P M*; Achkar, J*; Alexander, M J; Borsero, M*; Yajima, H*; Chung, N S*; Trzaska, H* (2000) International comparison GT/RF 86-1 electric field strengths L 27 MHz to 10 GHz. IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., 42 (2). pp. 190-205.

Klein, H A; Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Huang, G (2000) Single trapped ions for optical frequency standards. Phys. Scr. Vol. T, 86. pp. 33-37.

L

Lambe, R P (2000) National measurement scales for ultraviolet radiation, their agreement and future development at NPL. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 91 (1-3). pp. 129-131.

Lambe, R P; Saunders, R*; Gibson, C*; Hollandt, J*; Tegeler, E* (2000) A CCPR international comparison of spectral radiance measurements in the air-ultraviolet. Metrologia, 37. pp. 51-54.

Leach, R K (2000) NanoSurf IV: Traceable measurement of surface texture. In: Xth International Conference on Surfaces., Jan 2000, Chemnitz, Germany.

Leach, R K (2000) Telling the rough from the smooth. Mater. World (Februa). pp. 18-19.

Leach, R K (2000) Traceable measurement of surface texture at the National Physical Laboratory using NanoSurf IV. Meas. Sci. Technol., 11. pp. 1162-1173.

Leach, R K; Hart, A (2000) EUROMET Project 413: inter-laboratory comparison of measurements of the phase correction in the field of guage block interforometry. Metrologia, 37. pp. 261-267.

Leach, R K; Haycocks, J; Jackson, K; Lewis, A; Oldfield, S; Yacoot, A (2000) Advances in traceable nanometrology at the National Physical Laboratory. In: Proc. Int. Seminar Future Directions of Nanotechnology in Europe and Japan., 18-19 September 2000, Warwick University.

Lewis, V E (2000) Second IRMF intercomparison of calibrations of neutron area survey monitors, 1998-1999. NPL Report. CIRM 34

Lewis, V E; McClure, D R* (2000) Third IRMF intercomparison of calibrations of portable gamma-ray dose-rate monitors, 1998-1999. NPL Report. CIRM 32

Li, Y*; Rungis, J*; McComb, T R*; Lucas, W*; Cox, M G (2000) International comparison of a pulse calibrator used in high voltage impulse calibration. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Liang, W; West, P D; Loader, B G; Lees, K; Gregory, A P; Clarke, R N (2000) Traceable calibration of specific absorbtion rate (SAR) for mobile phone dosimetry. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Loader, B G; Alexander, M J; Gregory, A P; Liang, W (2000) The use of an optically modulated field sensor to make TEM cells traceable to the NPL calculable standard dipole antenna. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Lodeiro, M J; Tomlins, P E; Pearce, A (2000) The influence of pigments on the mechanical properties of High Density Polythylene (HDPE). NPL Report. CMMT(A)258

Lord, G J; Pardo-Iguzquiza, E; Smith, I M (2000) A practical guide to wavelets for metrology. NPL Report. CMSC 02/00

Lord, J D; Orkney, L P (2000) Elevated temperature modulus measurements using impulse excitation techniques (IET). NPL Report. CMMT(MN)049

Loveday, M S; Lord, J D (2000) Temperature control and uncertainty in high temperature metalworking laboratory-scale tests. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)51

Lu, H*; Bailey, C*; Dusek, M; Hunt, C; Nottay, J (2000) Modelling the fatigue life of solder joints for surface mount resistors. In: International Symposium on Electronic Materials and Packaging, 30 November - 3 December 2000, Hong Kong.

M

Macfarlane, J C*; Hao, L; Peden, D A*; Gallop, J C (2000) Linewidth of a resistively shunted high-temperature-superconductor Josephson heterodyne oscillator. Appl. Phys. Lett., 13 (27). pp. 1752-1754.

Margolis, H S; Lea, S N; Huang, G; Gill, P (2000) A 3 THz wide optical frequency comb for the NPL methance-to-stontium frequency chain. In: 14th EFTF Conf. Proc., 2000.

Maxwell, A S; Turnbull, A (2000) Characterisation of environment stress cracking susceptibility of weld-line defects by the chemical probe technique. NPL Report. CMMT(A)269

Maxwell, A S; Turnbull, A (2000) Environmental stress cracking of polymeric materials. NPL Report. CMMT(A)288

Maxwell, A S; Turnbull, A (2000) Influence of small fluctuating loads on environment stress cracking of polymers. In: Proceedings of Deformation, Yield and Fracture of Polymers, April 2000, Institute of Materials, Cambridge, UK.

Maxwell, A S; Turnbull, A (2000) Measurement of residual stress in polymeric materials. In: 6th International Conference on Residual Stress, July 2000, Institute of Materials, UK.

McEwen, M R; Duane, S (2000) A portable calorimeter for measuring absorbed dose in the radiotherapy clinic. Phys. Med. Biol., 45 (12). pp. 3675-3691.

Miller, A*; Sharpe, P H G; Chu, R* (2000) Dosimetry for industrial radiation processing. ICRU News.

Mills, K C; Chapman, L; Fox, A B*; Sridhar, S* (2000) 'Round Robin' project on the estimation of slag viscosities. NPL Report. CMMT(A)272

Milton, M J T (2000) pH measurements by a primary method. In: Metrologia 2000, December 2000, Sao Paulo.

Milton, M J T; Wielgosz, R I (2000) Uncertainty in SI-traceable measurements of amount of substance by isotope dilution mass spectrometry. Metrologia, 37. pp. 199-206.

Milton, M J T; Windsor, S A (2000) Summary of a 'deep study' commissioned as part of the formulation of the Foundation Programme (2001-2004). NPL Report. CC 00/110

Monaghan, B (2000) Feasibility of measuring electrical resistivity up to 1600°C. NPL Report. CMMT(A)220

Monaghan, B (2000) Feasibility of measuring thermal diffusivity of liquid slags. NPL Report. CMMT(A)219

Morgan, A G*; Ridler, N M (2000) Investigating the effects of interchanging components used to perform 'ripple' assessments on calibrated vector network analysers. Technical Report.

Mulligan, D R; Gnaniah, S J P; Sims, G D (2000) Characterisation of the fibre-matrix interface by thermal analysis. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)060

Mulligan, D R; Gnaniah, S J P; Sims, G D (2000) Thermal analysis techniques for composites and adhesives. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 32

Mulligan, D R; Sims, G D (2000) Test methods for chemical and physical characterisation of the fibre-matrix interface in composite materials. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)65

N

Neale, M J*; Gee, M G (2000) Guide to wear problems and testing for industry.

Niklewicz, J; Ferriss, D H; Nunn, G J; Sims, G D (2000) The use of pin bearing data for the preliminary design of 'pinned' joints. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)052

Nottay, J; Tomlins, P E; Subotic, B (2000) Thermal cycling and the adhesion of glob tops. NPL Report. CMMT(A)287

Nutbrown, R F; Duane, S; Shipley, D R; Thomas, R (2000) Absorbed dose conversion factors for megavoltage photon beams. In: Proceedings of Monte Carlo 2000 Conference, 23-26 October 2000, Lisbon.

Nutbrown, R F; Duane, S; Shipley, D R; Thomas, R A S (2000) Evaluation of factors to convert absorbed dose calibrations in graphite to water for mega-voltage photon beams. NPL Report. CIRM 37

Nutbrown, R F; Sander, T (2000) Corrections to air kerma rate measurements from a 192Ir high dose rate brachytherapy source to free space conditions. NPL Report. CIRM 39

Nutbrown, R F; Shipley, D R (2000) Calculation of factors to convert from air kerma to absorbed dose to water for medium energy photons. NPL Report. CIRM 41

Nutbrown, R F; Shipley, D R (2000) Calculation of the response of a NE2561 ion chamber in a water phantom for high energy photons. NPL Report. CIRM 40

O

Oldham, N*; Nelson, T*; Bergeest, R*; Carranza, R*; Gibbes, A M*; Jones, K*; Kyriazis, G*; Laiz, H*; Liu, L X*; Lu, Z*; Pogliano, U*; Rydler, K-E*; Shapiro, E*; So, E*; Temba, M*; Wright, P S (2000) International comparison of 50/60 Hz power (1996-1999). In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

P

Pakes, C I; Josephs-Franks, P W; Reed, R P; Corner, S G*; Colclough, M S* (2000) Miniature DC squid devices for the detection of single atomic spin-flips: scaling of flux sensitivity with device dimension. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-18 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Parker, A (2000) Optical fibre coating thickness and geometry - report on a feasibility study of traceability issues associated with different measurement techniques. NPL Report. CBTLM 5

Paton Walsh, C; Bell, W; Gardiner, T D; Swann, N R; Howieson, I (2000) Assessment of stratospheric composition. NPL Report. COEM 42

Payne, R C; Simmons, D (2000) Assessment of reproducibility uncertainties for use in international standards on the determination of sound power. NPL Report. CMAM 51

Peden, D A*; Macfarlane, J C; Hao, L; Gallop, J C (2000) Development of HTS resistive SQUIDs for noise thermometry. Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser., 167. pp. 521-524.

Perkin, M (2000) Report on a comparison of pressure standards in the range 10 MPa to 100 MPa. NPL Report. CMAM 54

Preston, R C (2000) Standards and measurement. Ultrasound Med. Biol., 26 (Supp. ). S63-S67

Preston, R C (2000) Who needs specification standards in medical ultrasound? BMUS Bulletin (Novemb). pp. 10-15.

Q

Quested, P N; Dinsdale, A T; Robinson, J A J; Mills, K C*; Hunt, J D* (2000) The prediction of the thermophysical properties and the solidification of commercial alloys. NPL Report. CMMT(A)275

Quested, T E (2000) Finite element analysis of miniaturised electro thermo mechanical testing system. NPL Report. CMMT(A)291

R

Read, B E; Dean, G D; Ferriss, D H (2000) An elastic-plastic model for the non-linear mechanical behaviour of rubber-toughened adhesives. NPL Report. CMMT(A)289

Read, B E; Dean, G D; Wright, L (2000) A proposed model for the non-linear stress/strain behaviour of rubber-toughened plastics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)301

Rides, M (2000) Determination of the uncertainties in transient extensional viscosity testing. NPL Report. CMMT(A)303

Rides, M (2000) Draft ISO standard for the determination of the transient extensional viscosity of polymer melts. NPL Report. CMMT(A)248

Rides, M; Spitteler, P; Brown, C (2000) In-process monitoring of the flow properties of polymer melts using on-line and in-line methods. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)061

Ridler, N M (2000) Comparison of complex scattering coefficient measurements of a microwave step attenuator. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) Digest, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Ridler, N M (2000) Converting between logarithmic and linear formats for reflection and transmission coefficients. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M (2000) Converting between logarithmic and linear formats for reflection and transmission coefficients. Part 2: when uncertainty of measurement is relatively large. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M; Salter, M J (2000) Evaluating and expressing uncertainty in complex S-parameter measurements. In: 56th Automatic RF Techniques Group (ARFTG) Conference, 30 November -1 December 2000, Boulder, Colorado, USA.

Ridler, N M; Woolliams, P D (2000) Tips on using coaxial connector torque spanners. Technical Report.

Roberts, M; Taylor, P; Barwood, G P; Rowley, W R C; Gill, P (2000) Observation of the 2S1/2-2F7/2 electric octupole transition in a single 171Yb+ ion. Phys. Rev. A, At. Mol. Opt. Phys., 62 (2). 020501(R)

Robinson, I A; Kibble, B P (2000) Further progress in relating the kilogram to h with the NPL Watt balance. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Robinson, S P; Harris, P M (2000) Modelling acoustic signals containing reflections in the calibration of underwater acoustic transducers in laboratory tanks. NPL Report. CMAM 52

Robinson, S P; Preston, R C; Smith, M R*; Millar, C* (2000) PVDF reference hydrophones development in the UK - from fabrication and lamination to use as secondary standards. IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Feroelectr. Freq. Control, 47 (6). pp. 1336-1344.

Roebuck, B (2000) MMP4 Thermomechanical behaviour during metals processing . Near solidus tests. NPL Report. CMMT(A)255

Roebuck, B (2000) Measurement of grain size and size distribution in engineering alloys. Mater. Sci. Technol., 16 (10). pp. 1167-1174.

Roebuck, B (2000) Physical properties of representative engineering alloys for high rate deformation modelling. NPL Report. CMMT(A)283

Roebuck, B; Bennett, E G (2000) The metallographic measurement of WC grain size. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 22

Roebuck, B; Morrell, R; Mummery, P M (2000) Effects of high temperature mechanical damande on physical properties of unidirectional Ti/SiC metal matrix composite. Mater. Sci. Technol., 16 (7-8). pp. 817-824.

S

Salmon, D R; Tye, R* (2000) An intercomparison of heat flow meter apparatus within the United Kingdom and Eire. High Temp.-High Press., 32 (1). pp. 19-28.

Salter, M J; Ridler, N M; Cox, M G (2000) Distribution of correlation coefficient for samples taken from a bivariate normal distribution. NPL Report. CETM 22

Salter, M J; Ridler, N M; Stewart, J N* (2000) Using data visualisation techniques to explore the random error distribution of two-port VNA measurements. In: 31st Automated RF and Microwave Measurements Society (ARMMS) Conference, 22-23 May 2000, Dudley.

Schirmer, B*; Venzke, H*; Melling, A*; Edwards, C S; Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Stevens, M; Benyon, R*; Mackrodt, P* (2000) High precision trace humidity measurements with a fibre-coupled diode laser absorption spectrometer at atmospheric pressure. Meas. Sci. Technol., 11. pp. 382-391.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Spencer, S J (2000) Background subtraction II: general behaviour of REELS and the Tougaard universal cross section in the removal of backgrounds in AES and XPS. Surf. Sci., 461. pp. 1-15.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Spencer, S J (2000) Consistent, combined quantitative AES and XPS digital data bases - convergence of theory and experiment. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 18. pp. 1083-1088.

Seah, M P; Spencer, S J (2000) AES of bulk insulators - control and characterisation of surface charge. J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 109. pp. 291-380.

Seah, M P; Spencer, S J; Cumpson, P J; Johnstone, J E (2000) Sputter - induced cone and filament formation ob InP and AFM tip shape determination. Surf. Interface Anal., 29. pp. 782-790.

Seah, M P; Spencer, S J; Cumpson, P J; Johnstone, J E (2000) Sputter-induced cone and filiment formation on InP and AFM tip shapes determination. Surf. Interface Anal., 29. pp. 782-790.

Seah, M P; Spencer, S J; Gilmore, I S; Johnstone, J E (2000) Depth resolution in sputter depth profiling - characterisation of a tantalum pentoxide on tantalum certified reference material. Surf. Interface Anal., 29. pp. 73-81.

Severn, I (2000) A collaboration between ten national measurement institutes to measure the mass of two one kilogram mass standards. NPL Report. CMAM 36

Sims, G D; Broughton, W R (2000) Glass fiber reinforced plastics - properties. In: Comprehensive Composite Materials. Elsevier, pp. 151-197.

Stanbury, G; Davis, F (2000) Provision of hardness standards - final report. NPL Report. CMAM 53

Stevens, M; Collier, T; Harris, R* (2000) Comparison of instruments for measuring relative humidity. NPL Report. CBTLM 6

Stock, K D*; Hofer, H*; White, M; Fox, N P (2000) Lowest uncertainty direct comparison of a mechanically-cooled and a helium-cooled-cryogenic radiometer. Metrologia, 37 (5). pp. 437-439.

Sweeney, B P; Woolley, A M (2000) London air quality network: ratification report for July to December 1999. NPL Report. COEM 48

Sweeney, B P; Woolley, A M (2000) UK automatic rural network: ratification report for July to December 1999. NPL Report. COEM 49

T

Tagziria, H; Thomas, D J (2000) Calibration and Monte Carlo modelling of neutron long counters. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A, Accel. Spectrom. Detec. Assoc. Equip., 452 (3). pp. 470-83.

Taylor, G C (2000) Neutron dosimetry with tissue equivalent proportional counters: their limitations and how to deal with them. Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. (USA), 83. p. 256.

Taylor, J A F (2000) Contract SMT4-CT96-6511 European Commission standards measurements and testing programme. Final report. NPL Report. COEM 44

Tomlins, P E (2000) Global patent activity in electrically conductive adhesives. NPL Report. CMMT(A)270

Tomlins, P E (2000) A method to quantify the surface insulation resistance perfomance of conformal coatings exposed to different temperature/humidity conditions. NPL Report. CMMT(A)271

Tomlins, P E; Nottay, J; Zou, L (2000) The influence of thermal cycling on the adhesion of conformal coatings. NPL Report. CMMT(A)277

Tomlins, P E; Richardson, M J*; Shenton, M J*; Janimak, J J* (2000) The influence of pigments on the crystallisation behaviour, morphology and dimensional stability of plates injection moulded from HDPE. NPL Report. CMMT(A)217

Tomlins, P E; Yazici, M*; Dean, G D (2000) On the determination of stress-strain curves under biaxial loading conditions. NPL Report. CMMT(A)298

Tomlins, P E; Zou, L (2000) Surface insulation resistance and the properties of conformal coatings. NPL Report. CMMT(A)267

Tomlins, P E; Zou, L (2000) A method to quantify the surface insulation resistance performance of glob tops exposed to different temperature/humidity combinations. NPL Report. CMMT(A)290

Tomlins, P E; Zou, L (2000) The surface insulation resistance performance of glob tops exposed to different temperature/humidity combinations. NPL Report. CMMT(A)292

Turnbull, A (2000) Issues in modelling of environment assisted cracking. ASTM STP, 1401.

Turnbull, A; Francis, P E; Griffiths, A J; Bennett, E G; Nimmo, W (2000) Measurement of corrosion resistance of super-duplex stainless steel welds by electrochemical techniques. In: Eurocorr 2000, September 2000, London, UK.

Turnbull, A; Maxwell, A S; Pillai, S (2000) Comparative assessment of slow strain rate, 4-pt. bend and constant load test methods for measuring environment stress cracking of polymers. Polym. Test., 19 (2). pp. 117-129.

W

Walker, B (2000) Calibration and use of Optical Time Domain Reflectometers (OTDR). Measurement Good Practice Guide. 31

Walker, B; Buncle, P T; Wells, D S (2000) Dispersion mapping of optical fibres. NPL Report. COEM 53

Wang, J; Gardiner, T D; Milton, M J T (2000) Characterisation of potassium titanyl phosphate and potassium niobate crystals in an infrared OPO. NPL Report. COEM 46

Weyand, K*; Trenkler, G*; Henderson, L C A; Bartholomew, J; Teunisse, G M*; Blanc, I*; Crotti, G*; Kupec, J*; Jeglic, A*; Gersak, G*; Humar, J*; Puranen, L O* (2000) Intercomparison of magnetic flux density by means of field coil transfer standard. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 2000, 14-19 May 2000, Sydney, Australia.

Wichmann, B A; Barker, R M; Cox, M G; Harris, P M (2000) Measurement systems validation: validation of measurement software. (Software Support for Metrology Best Practice Guide No. 1). Technical Report. NPL, UK, Teddington.

Wickham, M; Dusek, M; Hunt, C (2000) Fine pitch paste stencil printing using enclosed printing heads. NPL Report. CMMT(A)247

Williams, A J; Rosser, K E; Thomson, N J; DuSautoy, A R (2000) Recent advances in water calorimetry at NPL. In: World Congress Medical Physics 2000, 2000.

Williams, A J and Rosser (2000) Proceedings of NPL Workshop on Recent Advances in Calorimetric Absorbed Dose Standards. NPL Report. CIRM 42

Windsor, S A; Harrison, N J; Fox, N P (2000) The NPL detector stabilised irradiance source. Metrologia, 37 (5). pp. 473-476.

Woods, D H; Ciocanel, M; Husband, L J; Keightley, J D; de Lavison, P A G; Woods, M J; Woods, S A (2000) Standardization and decay data of 186Re. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 52 (3). pp. 581-584.

Woods, M J; Reher, D F G*; Ratel, G* (2000) Equivalence in radionuclide metrology. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 52 (3). pp. 313-318.

Woods, S A; Woods, D H; de Lavison, P A G; Jerome, S M; Makepeace, J L; Woods, M J; Husband, L J; Lineham, S (2000) Standardisation and measurement of the decay scheme data of 237Np. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 52 (3). pp. 475-480.

Woolley, A M; Sweeney, B P (2000) London air quality network: ratification report for January to June 2000. NPL Report. COEM 57

Woolley, A M; Sweeney, B P (2000) UK automatic rural network: ratification report for January to June 2000. NPL Report. COEM 58

Woolliams, E R; Harrison, N J; Fox, N P (2000) Preliminary results of the investigation of a 3500 K black body. Metrologia, 37 (5). pp. 501-504.

Woolliams, E R; Pollard, D F; Harrision, N J; Theocharous, E; Fox, N P (2000) New facility for the high-accuracy measurement of lens transmission. Metrologia, 37. pp. 603-605.

Y

Yacoot, A; Downs, M J (2000) The use of x-ray interferometry to investigate the linearity of the NPL differential plane mirror optical interferometer. Meas. Sci. Technol., 11. pp. 1126-1130.

Z

Zeqiri, B; Bickley, C J (2000) A new anechoic material for medical ultrasonic applications. Ultrasound Med. Biol., 26 (3). pp. 481-5.

Zeqiri, B; Davies, S C; Gelat, P N; Hodnett, M; Lula, U I (2000) Novel sensors for monitoring acoustic cavitation. In: 2000 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium Proceedings, 2000.

Zhou, S; Turnbull, A (2000) Development of ACPD technique for short and long crack measurement. NPL Report. CMMT(A)254

Zhou, S; Turnbull, A (2000) Development of a pre-pitting procedure for turbine disc steel. Br. Corros. J., 35. pp. 120-124.

Zou, L; Hunt, C (2000) Validation of a new surface insulation resistance (SIR) test method. NPL Report. CMMT(A)300

This list was generated on Thu Nov 14 10:25:55 2019 GMT.