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Number of items: 313.

A

Abbas, F (1997) Frequency stable superconducting resonator with buffer layers. Rev. Sci. Insrum., 68 (9). pp. 3579-3582.

Abbas, F; Allan, D W*; Ashby, N*; Hodge, C; Holland, J*; Jedamzik, D*; Langham, C D; Maleki, L*; Trowles, T* (1997) A novel concept for the direct intercomparison of the Allan Variance of frequency standards at the 10-18 level with application to metrology, global communication and navigation. In: Proc. 11th European Frequency and Time forum, 1997, Neuchatel, Switzerland.

Abbas, F; Gallop, J C; Hao, L* (1997) Microwave dielectric composite puck resonators. Appl. Supercond., 1. pp. 315-318.

Abbas, F; Gallop, J C; Hao, L* (1997) A quantum statistics approach for characterising superconductors. In: Proc. International conference on materials and mechanisms of superconductivity, High temperature superconductors V, 1997, North Holland.

Abbas, F; Gallop, J C; Hodge, C (1997) Frequency stability in a superconducting transmission line with buffer layers. In: Proc. 11th European Frequency and Time Forum, 1997, Neuchatel, Switzerland.

Abbas, F; Gallop, J C; Langham, C D (1997) HTS/Ferroelectric microwave phase shifters. Cryogenics, 37 (10). pp. 681-684.

Abbas, F; Gallop, J C; Langham, C D (1997) Microwave ferroelectric superconducting phase shifter. In: Proc. 27th European Microwave 97 Conference and Exhibition, 8-12 September 1997, Jerusalem, Israel.

Aldridge, D C (1997) A method of determining the accuracy of sound level meter peak pressure measurements. NPL Report. CMAM 7

Alexander, M J (1997) Calibration and use of EMC antennas. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 4

Alexander, M J (1997) Can you trust antennas? EMC Journal (9). pp. 12-13.

Alexander, M J (1997) Measurement uncertainty, the work of CISPR/A. In: Proc. Test and measurement workshop at IEE EMC Conference, 2, September 1997.

Alexander, M J (1997) The responsibilities of standards makers and test technicians in assessing EMC uncertainties. IEE Colloq. Dig., 116. 2/1-3.

Alexander, M J; Holland, K P; Gentle, D G (1997) The calibration of antennas and field probes for EMC conformance testing.

Alexander, M J; Lopez, M H*; Salter, M J (1997) Getting the best out of biconical antennas for emission measurements and test site evaluation. In: IEEE 1997 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 18 - 22 August 1997, Austin, Texas, USA.

Alexander, M J; Salter, M J (1997) The design of dipole and monopole antennas with low uncertainties. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 46 (2). pp. 539-543.

Anderson, I J*; Cox, M G; Forbes, A B; Mason, J C*; Turner, D A* (1997) An efficient and robust algorithm for solving the foot point problem. In: Proc. 4th International Conference on Mathematical Methods for Curves and Surfaces, 3-8 July 1997, Lillehammer, Norway.

Angliss, R F; DuSautoy, A R (1997) Fourth Radiotherapy Standards Users Meeting - Report on a meeting organised by the National Physical Laboratory, held on 9th June 1996. Br. J. Radiol., 70. pp. 556-557.

Arnaut, L R (1997) Chirality in multi-dimensional space with application to electromagnetic characterisation of multi-dimensional chiral and semi-chiral media. J. Electromagn. Waves Appl., 11 (11). pp. 1459-1482.

Arnaut, L R (1997) Computation of mutual coupling and interaction between an arbitrary number of complex-shaped antennas and scatterers. NPL Report. CEM 4

Arnaut, L R (1997) Higher-order mode excitations in coaxial waveguides with high-permittivity dielectric inserts. NPL Report. CEM 5

Arnaut, L R (1997) Influence of Ohmic contact loss on measurement of dielectric properties of ultra-low-loss dielectrics. Technical Report. CEM 3

Arnaut, L R (1997) Interaction between bianisotropic particles. J. Electromagn. Waves Appl., 11 (1). pp. 133-137.

Arnaut, L R (1997) Multi-polarisability polyadics and spatial dispersion of bianisotropic and complex composite media. In: Proc. Bianisotropics '97, 5-7 June 1997, International Conference, Glasgow.

Arnaut, L R (1997) Numerical multipole modelling of bianisotropic and complex composite materials. In: 13th Annual Review of Progress in Apllied Computational Electromagnetics, March 1997, Monterey, USA.

B

Banks, J P; Gohil, D D; Saunders, S R J; Osgerby, S; Evans, H E*; Dooley, R B* (1997) Oxide scale cracking: Kinetic studies using crack decoration and acoustic emission techniques. Microscopy of Oxidation 3, 675. pp. 330-338.

Bannister, D J (1997) BIPM international comparison GT-RF/86-3: voltage reflection coefficient measurement in rectangular waveguide R320 at 27 GHz, 35 GHz and 40 GHz. Technical Report.

Barham, R G; Jarvis, D (1997) Recent developments in the primary free-field reciprocity calibration of laboratory standard microphones at NPL - A contribution to Euromet project A295. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)019

Bartholomew, J G; Drake, A E (1997) Improved low magnetic field measurements. In: BEMC '97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, NPL, Teddington.

Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Huang, G; Klein, H A; Rowley, W R C (1997) Single Sr+ Ion spectroscopy with a sub-kHz linewidth diode probe laser. In: 13th International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy, June 1997, Hangzhou, China.

Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Klein, H A; Rowley, W R C (1997) Clearly resolved secular sidebands on the 2S1/2-2D5/2 674nm clock transition in a single trapped Sr+ ion and prospects for trapped ion frequency standards. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 46 (2). pp. 133-136.

Bell, W; Paton Walsh, C; Gardiner, T; Woods, P T; Swann, N R; Martin, N A; Donohoe, L; Chipperfield, M P* (1997) Measurements of stratospheric chlorine monoxide (C10) from Groundbased FTIR observations. J. Atmos. Chem. (24). pp. 285-297.

Bell, W; Paton Walsh, C; Woods, P T; Martin, N A; Gardiner, T; Swann, N R (1997) The development and utilisation of advanced remote monitoring techniques for atmospheric measurements. NPL Report. CQM 133

Belliss, J H; Kibble, B P (1997) EUROMET intercomparison of 10pF and 100pF capacitance standards. In: BEMC '97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

Bennett, E G; Dortmans, L J M G*; Hendrix, M*; Morrell, R; De With, G* (1997) CEN/VAMAS study of phase volume fraction measurement - a preliminary review of results. In: Proc. Euroceramics V, June 1997, Versailles, France.

Bennett, E G; Dortmans, L J M G*; Hendrix, M*; Morrell, R; De With, G* (1997) CEN/VAMAS study of phase volume fraction measurement - a preliminary review of results. Key Eng. Mater., 132-6. pp. 2111-2114.

Benson, J M; Jones, T C E; Wall, C F; Blasco, P*; Haigh, N R*; Rigby, D*; Soares, O D D*; Artiglia, M*; Ravet, F*; Corredera, P*; Levin-Jensen, L*; Goffin, A*; Hallam, A*; Walmsley, P*; Salieri, P* (1997) A european investigation of cut-off wavelength measurement, European Project Group. In: OFMC '97. 4th Optical Fibre Measurement Conf. Digest., 29 September-1 October 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

Berry, B F (1997) Standards for a quieter world: some acoustical reflections from the UK National Physical Laboratory. In: Proc. Internoise 97, 1997, Budapest.

Bevan, N (1997) NPL usability services. In: Interact 97. International Conference on Human Computer Interaction, July 1997, Sydney, Australia.

Bevan, N (1997) Quality and Usability: a new framework. In: Achieving software product quality, van Veenendaal, E, and McMullan J (eds). Tutein Nolthenius, Netherlands.

Bevan, N (1997) Quality in use: Incorporating human factors into the software engineering lifecycle. In: Proc. 3rd International Symposium and Forum on Software Engineering Standards, ISESS '97, August 1997, Walnut Creek, CA, USA.

Bevan, N (1997) Usability Issues in web site design. Advances in Human Factors Ergonomics, 21B. pp. 803-806.

Bevan, N; Curson, I (1997) Methods for measuring usability. In: Interact 97 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, July 1997, Sydney, Australia.

Bevan, N; Curson, I (1997) Planning and implementing user-centred design using ISO 13407. In: Proc. 6th IFIP Conference on human-computer interaction, July 1997, Sydney, Australia.

Bevan, N; Curson, I (1997) Who needs usability metrics? In: Interact 97 International Conference on Human Computer Interaction, July 1997, Sydney, Australia.

Billington, R*; Nelson, J*; Jones, T C E; Benson, J M (1997) Development of a multimode fibre simulation tool for characterising attenuation as a function of launch conditions and handling. In: OFMC 97. 4th Optical Fibre Measurement Conf. Digest, 29 September - 1 October 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

British Committee on Radiation Units and Measurements, (1997) Advice on the implications of the conversion coefficients for external radiations published in ICRP publication 74 and by ICRU publication 57. Br. J. Radiol., 70. pp. 1270-1273.

British Committee on Radiation Units and Measurements, (1997) Advice on the implications of the conversion coefficients for external radiations published in ICRP publication 74 and by ICRU publication 57. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 74. pp. 195-198.

British Committee on Radiation Units and Measurements, (1997) Advice on the implications of the conversion coefficients for external radiations published in ICRP publication 74 and by ICRU publication 57. J. Radiol. Prot., 17. pp. 201-204.

British Committee on Radiation Units and Measurements, (1997) BCRU advice on RBE values for the retrospective calculation of risk to specific organs as a result of neutron radiation. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 74. pp. 109-112.

Broughton, W R (1997) A critical evaluation of through-thickness test methods. In: Proc. ICCM-II, July 1997, Australia.

Broughton, W R; Mera, R D (1997) Project PAJ3 combined cyclic loading and hostile environments 1996-1999. Report No. 1, Review of durability test methods and standards for assessing long term performance of adhesive joints. NPL Report. CMMT(A)61

Broughton, W R; Mera, R D (1997) Project PAJ3 combined cyclic loading and hostile environments 1996-1999. Report No.2: review of life prediction methodology and adhesive joint design and analysis software. NPL Report. CMMT(A)62

C

Carruthers, D J*; Edmunds, H A*; Bennett, M*; Woods, P T; Milton, M J T; Robinson, R A; Underwood, B Y*; Franklin, C J*; Timmis, R* (1997) Validation of the ADMS dispersion model and assessment of its performance relative to R-91 and ISC using archived LIDAR data. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 8 (3-6). pp. 264-278.

Chakravorty, S; Allen, C R G; Brown, C S (1997) In-line temperature measurement during polymer melt flow. Polym. Test., 16 (5). pp. 455-460.

Charalambides, M N; Dean, G (1997) Project PAJ2, dynamic performance of adhesively bonded joints. Report No 2 April 1997, constitutive models and their data requirements for use in finite analysis of adhesives under impact loading. NPL Report. CMMT(A)59

Chipperfield, M P*; Burton, M*; Bell, W; Paton Walsh, C; Blumenstock, T*; Coffey, MT*; Hannigan, J W*; Mankin, W G*; Galle, B*; Mellqvist, J*; Mahieu, E*; Zander, R*; Notholt, J*; Sen, B*; Toon, G C* (1997) On the use of HF as a reference for the comparison of stratospheric observations and models. J. Geophys. Res., 102 (D11). pp. 12901-19.

Chipperfield, M P*; Burton, M*; Bell, W; Paton Walsh, C; Blumenstock, Th*; Coffey, MT*; Hannigan, J W*; Mankin, W G*; Galle, B*; Mahieu, E*; Zander, R*; Notholt, J*; Sen, B*; Toon, G C* (1997) The use of HF as a reference for the comparison of stratospheric observations and models. J. Geophys. Res., 102. pp. 12901-12919.

Chunnilall, C J; Fox, N P; Theocharous, E (1997) Radiometric applications of Fourier-Transform spectrometers. Mikrochim. Acta, 14. pp. 175-177.

Clarke, R N (1997) Dielectric measurements at NPL. Ampere Newsletter, University of Cambridge (12).

Cohen, L F*; Cowie, A; Gallop, J C (1997) Temperature variation of the microwave power dependence in HTS thin films. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 33-36.

Cowie, A; Cohen, L F*; Gibson, G; Li, Y H*; MacManus-Driscoll, J*; Gallop, J C (1997) Raman and XRD characterisation microstructure and microwave loss in YBCO 123 thin films. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 53-56.

Cox, J M; Gee, M G (1997) Hot friction testing of ceramics. Wear (203-20). pp. 404-417.

Cox, J M; Morrell, R; Gee, M G (1997) Direct measurement of friction applicable to hot strength measurements. In: Proc. Euroceramics V, June 1997, Versailles, France.

Cox, J M; Morrell, R; Gee, M G (1997) Direct measurement of friction applicable to hot strength measurements. Key Eng. Mater., 132-6. pp. 476-479.

Cox, M G; Cross, N R; Flack, D R; Forbes, A B; Peggs, G N (1997) Measurement of artefacts using repositioning methods. NPL Report. CLM 2

Cox, M G; Forbes, A B; Peggs, G N (1997) CMM verification and grading. NPL Report. CLM 1

Cox, M G; Harris, P M (1997) Trust in Software. Laboratory Technology International.

Cumpson, P J (1997) Comparison of Angle-Resolved XPS quantification methods. In: ECASIA 97 -European Conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis, June 1997, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Cumpson, P J (1997) Elastic scattering corrections in AES and XPS III. Surf. Interface Anal. (25). pp. 447-453.

Cumpson, P J (1997) Elastic scattering corrections in AES and XPS: III. Behaviour of electron transport mean free path in solids for kinetic energies in the range 100eV<E<400eV. Surf. Interface Anal., 25. pp. 447-456.

Cumpson, P J (1997) Quartz-crystal microbalance: a new design eliminates sensitivity outside the electrodes. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 15. pp. 2407-2410.

Cumpson, P J; Seah, M P (1997) Elastic scattering corrections in AES and XPS II. Estimating attenuation lengths and conditions required for their valid use in overlayer/substrate experiments. Surf. Interface Anal., 25. pp. 430-446.

Cumpson, P J; Seah, M P (1997) Elastic scattering corrections in AES and XPS: II. Estimating attenuation lengths and conditions required for their valid use in overlayer/substrate experiments. Surf. Interface Anal., 25. pp. 430-446.

Cumpson, P J; Seah, M P (1997) Estimation of attenuation length for film in thickness measurement in XPS and AES. In: ECASIA 97 - European Conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis, 16-20 June 1997, Goteborg, Sweden.

D

D'Errico, G E *; Calzavarini, R*; Chiara, R *; Morrell, R; Lay, L (1997) Performance of ceramic cutting tools in turning operations. Ind. Ceram., 17 (2). pp. 80-83.

Daly, D; Ferguson, R*; Hutley, M C (1997) Replication of optical components using a silicone rubber intermediate replica. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 3099. pp. 83-88.

Daly, D; Hutley, M C; Hunt, R A; Khand, K; Stevens, R F; Wilson, R* (1997) The use of a series of lens arrays to match optical arrays of different pitch. Image Science Journal, 45 (1). pp. 45-47.

Davies, R H; Dinsdale, A T; Gisby, J A; Hodson, S M (1997) MTDATA Handbook: Multiphase Handbook. Technical Report.

Davis, J A; Furlong, J M (1997) Report on the study to determine the suitability of GPS disciplined oscillators as time and frequency standards traceable to the UK national time scale UTC (NPL). NPL Report. CTM 1

Davis, J A; Furlong, J M (1997) A study examining the possibility of obtaining traceability to UK National Standards of Time and Frequency using GPS disciplined oscillators. In: Proc. 29th Annual Precise Time and Time Interval Systems and Applications meeting, December 1997, Long Beach, California, USA.

Davis, J A; Furlong, J M (1997) A study examining the possibility of obtaining traceability to UK National Standards using GPS disciplined oscillators. In: Proc. EFTF 97 Conference, European Frequency and Time Forum, 4-6 March 1997, Neuchatel, Switzerland.

Davis, J A; Steele, J McA * (1997) A Caesium flying clock experiment between NPL and USNO. In: Proc. EFTF 97, European Frequency and Time Forum, March 1997, Neuchatel, Switzerland.

Dean, G (1997) Design data for plastics for finite element analysis. In: Proc. Polymer Testing Conference 97, April 1997, Shawbury, Shropshire.

Dean, G; Charalambides, M N (1997) Project CAM6. Development of test methods for design under high rates of loading. Report No. 1 April 1997 - Data requirements for the use of finite element methods to predict the impact performance of plastics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)58

Dean, G; Shastri, R*; Lockett, F J* (1997) Project CAM6, Report No.2, ISO guide to the acquisition and presentation of design data for plastics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)82

Dean, G D (1997) Adhesives - determination of shear behaviour of structural bonds part 2: thick-adherend tensile-test method. NPL Report. CMMT(A)81

Dean, J C J; Bowles, N E; Brosnan, W E; Carter, M; de Lavison, P A G; Jerome, S M; Keightley, J D; Woods, M J; Woods, S A (1997) Environmental radioactivity intercomparison exercise 1996. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)023

Dean, J C J; Bowles, N E; Brosnan, W E; Carter, M; de Lavison, P A G; Jerome, S M; Keightley, J D; Woods, M J; Woods, S A (1997) Environmental radioactivity intercomparison exercise 1996. NPL Report. CIRM 3

Dean, J C J; Kolkowski, P*; Woods, M J (1997) The development of a 222Rn-in-water standard at NPL. NPL Report. CIRM 5

Dinsdale, A T (1997) Chemical diffusion data: Sources, methods of representation and the needs of UK industry. NPL Report. CMMT(A)76

Dinsdale, A T; Davies, R H; Barry, T I (1997) UK requirements for thermodynamic data for high temperature processing of metallic materials. NPL Report. CMMT(A)74

Dinsdale, A T; Forsdyke, G M*; Mucklejohn, S A* (1997) Use of MTDATA to predict mercury vapour pressures above amalgams for fluorescent lamps. In: Proc. 9th International Conference in High Temperature Materials Chemistry, May 1997.

Downes, S; Elandaloussi, S* (1997) A comparison of hydrostatic weighing methods used to determine the density of solid artefacts at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), UK and Institut National de Metrologie (BNM-INM), FR. NPL Report. MOT 3

Dowson, S P (1997) The importance of measurement uncertainty during testing. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 19 (4). pp. 47-52.

Drake, A E (1997) Magnetic measurements at NPL then and now. Magnews (Winter). pp. 6-7.

Drake, A E (1997) The importance of traceability in magnetic measurements. In: Proc. The UK Magnetics Society Seminar Digest - Magnetism and Instrumentation, 1997, University of Brighton.

DuSautoy, A R; McEwen, M R (1997) Pilot trial of NPL absorbed dose calibration service for electron beam radiotherapy. Scope (IPEMB Journal), 6. pp. 47-48.

Dudley, R A; Roddie, A G; Bannister, D J; Gifford, A D; Krems, T*; Facon, P* (1997) Electro-optic probing of microwave circuits. In: BEMC '97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

F

Flindell, I H*; Porter, N D; Berry, B F (1997) The assessment of environmental noise - the revision of ISO 1996. Acoust. Bull., 22 (6). pp. 5-10.

Flowers, J L; Bickley, C J*; Josephs-Franks, P W; Petley, B W (1997) Optically pumped 3He and atomic hydrogen ESR at 0.6 T. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 46 (2). pp. 104-107.

Flowers, J L; Reed, R; Gallop, J C (1997) A novel propellant gauging system for use in microgravity based on nuclear magnetic resonance. In: Proc. 2nd European Propulsion Conference, May 1997, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.

Foley, C P*; lam, S*; Sankrithyan, B*; Wilson, Y*; Macfarlane, J C; Hao, L (1997) The effects of step angle on step edge Josephson junctions on MgO. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 7 (2). pp. 3185-3188.

Forbes, A B; Peggs, G N (1997) A large reference artefact for CMM verification. In: Laser Metrology and Machine performance III. UNSPECIFIED, pp. 393-400.

Francis, P E; Griffiths, A J; Turnbull, A (1997) Development of an improved test method to measure stress corrosion cracking under evaporation conditions. In: Eurocorr 97, 1997, Trondheim, Norway.

Furlong, J M; Davis, J A (1997) Suitabilty of using GPS disciplined oscillators as time and frequency standards traceable to the UK National Time Scale. In: Proc. 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement, 4-6 November 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

G

Gallop, J C (1997) Microwave applications of high temperature superconductors. Supercond. Sci. Technol., 10. A120-A141

Gallop, J C; Cowie, A; Cohen, L F* (1997) Modelling the variation of microwave losses induced by DC and RF magnetic fields. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 65-68.

Gallop, J C; Cowie, A; Cohen, L F* (1997) Variation in microwave losses induced by DC and RF magnetic fields in HTS thin films. In: Proc. International conference on materials and mechanisms of superconductivity; high tempertature superconductors V, 1997, North Holland.

Gallop, J C; Hao, L; Abbas, F*; Langham, C D (1997) Frequency stability of dielectric loaded HTS microwave resonators. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 7 (2). pp. 3504-3507.

Gallop, J C; Hao, L; Reed, R P (1997) The quantum Roulette noise thermometer. Appl. Supercond., 5 (7-12). pp. 285-289.

Gallop, J C; Hao, L*; Abbas, F (1997) Spatially resolved measurements of HTS microwave surface impedance. In: Proc. International conference on materials and mechanisms of superconductivity; high temperature superconductors V, 1997, North Holland.

Gallop, J C; Hao, L*; Abbas, F*; Langham, C D (1997) Frequency stability of dielectric loaded HTS microwave resonators. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 7 (2). pp. 3504-3507.

Gallop, J C; Hao, L*; Reed, R (1997) A primary thermometer based on an HTS SQUID. In: Proc. International conference on materials and mechanisms of superconductivity, high temperature superconductors V, 1997, North Holland.

Gallop, J C; Langham, C D; Hao, L*; Abbas, F (1997) Dielectric loaded HTS resonators as frequency standards and low phase noise oscillators. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 46 (2). pp. 122-125.

Gee, M G (1997) Surface characterisation techniques for wear surfaces. NPL Report. CMMT(A)73

Gee, M G; Cain, M G; Stewart, M (1997) Materials and test conditions for project Cam 7. NPL Report. CMMT(A)78

Gee, M G; Loveday, M S; Brookes, M R (1997) Measurement of Friction Under Simulated Metal Working Conditions in Miniaturised Test Systems. In: World Tribology Congress, September 1997.

Gengru, Z*; Yifei, H*; Wang, L*; Guifen, Z*; Dalsgaard Jensen, H*; Henderson, L C A; Thompson, R (1997) Comparison of Josephson Array voltage standards using Zener Reference Standards. Metrologia, 34 (5). pp. 423-425.

Gentle, D G (1997) The calibration of probes for near-field scanning at NPL. In: Proc. AMTA 97, 19th Meeting and Symposium, 17-21 November 1997, Boston, Massachusetts.

Ghosh, I S*; Cohen, L F*; Gallop, J C (1997) The flux dependence of the microwave vortex pinning parameters: Evidence for collective pinning effects and unconventional frictional damping. Supercond. Sci. Technol., 10. pp. 936-943.

Gill, P (1997) Applications of laser cooled trapped ions. In: Proc. URSI General Assembly, 29 August 1997, Lille, France.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (1997) Static SIMS - a reliable technique: results from an interlaboratory study. In: ECASIA 97 - European Conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis, 16 - 20 June 1997, Goteborg, Sweden.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (1997) Static SIMS: an inter-laboratory study. In: 11th International Conference on Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry, September 1997, Orlando, USA.

Goodman, T M (1997) Making measurements in the Mesopic region. In: Proc. NPL-CIE-UK Conference, Visual scales; Photometric and Colorimetric aspects, March 1997.

Griffiths, A J; Turnbull, A (1997) Hydrogen uptake and cracking in 22Cr duplex stainless steel under galvanic coupling conditions. Corrosion, 53 (9). pp. 700-704.

Griffiths, A J; Turnbull, A (1997) Performance of duplex stainless steels coupled to carbon steels in oilfield environments. In: 5th World Conference on Duplex Stainless Steels, October 1997, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Griffiths, A J; Turnbull, A (1997) Performance of duplex stainless steels in oilfield environments. In: Euromat 97, 21-23 April 1997, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

H

Hall, D J; Gohil, D D; Saunders, S R J; Morrell, R (1997) Novel approaches to determining oxidation phenomena in non-oxide ceramics. In: Euroceramics V, June 1997, Versailles, France.

Hall, D J; Gohil, D D; Saunders, S R J; Morrell, R (1997) Novel approaches to determining oxidation phenomena in non-oxide ceramics. Key Eng. Mater., 132-6. pp. 1584-1587.

Hall, M J; Drake, A E; Harmon, S A C; Ager, C I (1997) Versatile low permeability reference standards with improved high magnetic field strength performance. In: BEMC '97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

Hall, M J; Jardine, D B*; Evetts, J E*; Leake, J A*; Somekh, R* (1997) The role of the magnetic structure and interface scattering in the GMR of magnetic multilayers. J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 173 (3). pp. 253-258.

Hanes, P (1997) IEC 1672: The new international standard for sound level meters. Acoust. Bull., 22 (4). p. 28.

Hanes, P (1997) Sound intensity - Theory and practice. Acoust. Bull. (Novemb).

Hannaby, S A (1997) The solution of ordinary differential equations arising from stress transfer mechanics of general symmetric laminates. NPL Report. CISE 13/97

Hanson, A (1997) Meeting the requirements for traceability. In: Display systems - Design and Application. Wiley, Chichester, pp. 309-327.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Reed, R P; MacFarlane, J C*; Romans, E* (1997) Shunted YBCO bicrystal junctions for noise thermometry. Appl. Supercond., 5 (7-12). pp. 297-301.

Hao, L; Macfarlane, J C; Pegrum, C M*; Sloggett, G J*; Foley, C P* (1997) Magnetic field and microwave effects on critical current fluctuations in HTS grain-boundary Josephson junctions. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 7 (2). pp. 2840-2843.

Hao, L*; Gallop, J C; Abbas, F (1997) High Q shielded composite puck resonators. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 275-278.

Hao, L*; Gallop, J C; Abbas, F; Hodge, C (1997) Performance limits on dielectric loaded HTS resonators as frequency standards. In: Proc. 11th European Frequency and Time Forum, FRSM, 1997, Neuchatel, Switzerland.

Hao, L*; Gallop, J C; Reed, R (1997) Non-dissipative noise thermometry measured with an HTS SQUID. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 655-658.

Hao, L*; Gallop, J C; Reed, R; Macfarlane, J*; Romans, E* (1997) Properties of normal metal shunted YBCO bi-crystal junctions. In: Proc. International conference on materials and mechanisms of superconductivity, high temperature superconductors V, 1997, North Holland.

Hartland, A; Chua, S W; Giblin, S P (1997) Strategies for the measurement of currents from single electron devices. In: BEMC '97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, Teddington, UK.

Hartland, A; Chua, S W; Giblin, S P (1997) Strategies for the measurement of currents from single electron devices. In: BEMC '97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, Teddington, UK.

Hartland, A; Kibble, B P; Chua, S W (1997) AC Quantized Hall Resistance experiments at the National Physical Laboratory. In: BEMC '97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

Haycocks, J; Jackson, K; Robbie, C J; Stedman, M (1997) Traceable metrology for scanning probe microscopes. In: Proc. 2nd Seminar on Quantitive Microscopy, November 1997, PTB, Germany.

Henrici, G*; Hao, L; Macfarlane, J C; Pegrum, C M*; Goodyear, S W*; Satchell, J S*; Humphreys, R G* (1997) Noise characteristics of YBCO c-axis microbridge junctions. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 7 (2). pp. 3335-3338.

Hill, G J; Paul, J D*; Rochard, O* (1997) Measurement of low loss dielectrics in the frequency range 10 Mz to 1 Ghz. In: BEMC'97. 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, Teddington, UK.

Hodnett, M; Zeqiri, B (1997) A strategy for the development and standardisation of measurement methods for high power field/cavitating ultrasonic fields: review of high power field measurement techniques. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 4. pp. 273-288.

Hodnett, M; Zeqiri, B (1997) A strategy for the development and standardisation of measurement methods for high power/cavitating ultrasonic fields: Review of high power field measurement techniques. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)015

Humphreys, D A; Howes, J (1997) Accurate wavelength calibration for optical spectrum analysers using an etalon calibration artifact. In: OFMC '97. 4th Optical Fibre Measurement Conf. Digest., 29 September - 1 October 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

Humphreys, D A; Howes, J (1997) Overview of wavelength scale calibration methods for optical spectrum analysers. In: OFMC '97. 4th Optical Fibre Measurement Conf. Digest., 29 September-1 October 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

Hunt, C (1997) Measuring and predicting solderability. Future Circuits.

Hunt, J B; Lewis, V E; Members of BCRU, (1997) Advice on the implications of the conversion coefficients for external radiations published in ICRP publication 74 and by ICRU publication 57. Br. J. Radiol., 70. pp. 1270-1273.

Hunt, J B; Lewis, V E; Members of BCRU, (1997) Advice on the implications of the conversion coefficients for external radiations published in ICRP publication 74 and by ICRU publication 57. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 74. pp. 195-198.

Hunt, J B; Lewis, V E; Members of BCRU, (1997) Advice on the implications of the conversion coefficients for external radiations published in ICRP publication 74 and by ICRU publication 57. J. Radiol. Prot., 17. pp. 201-204.

Hunt, J B; Lewis, V E; Members of BCRU, (1997) BCRU advice on RBE values for the retrospective calculation of risk to specific organs as a result of neutron irradiation. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 74. pp. 104-112.

Hutley, M C; Holmes, N*; Harvey, T*; Carter, N* (1997) UV embossed optical microstructured surfaces. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 6

Hutley, M C; Stevens, R F (1997) The use of diffracting optics in metrology and sensing. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 3099. pp. 6-13.

I

Ives, D J (1997) Calibration of a polarisation state analyser for polarisation mode dispersion measurements. In: OFMC '97. 4th Optical Fibre Measurement Conf. Digest., 29 September-1 October 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

J

Jackson, A R*; ElGomati, N M*; Matthew, J A D*; Cumpson, P J (1997) Monte-Carlo calculation of the depth distribution function in multilayer structures. Surf. Interface Anal., 25. pp. 341-349.

Jarvis, D; Watkins, S A (1997) Methods for determining the pressure sensitivity of IEC type WS3 measurement microphones. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)022

Jerome, S M; Ciocanel, M; Bass, G A; Woods, M J (1997) Intercomparison of 192Ir brachytherapy source measurement in UK hospitals, 1997. NPL Report. CIRM 9

Jones, R G (1997) A review of precision AC voltage and current measurements. IEE Colloq. Dig., 161. p. 1.

K

Keightley, J D; Dean, J C J; Jerome, S M; Woods, M J (1997) 6th NPL environmental radioactivity intercomparison exercise, 1996. Report on workshop, 16 April 1997. NPL Report. CIRM 4

Kelly, G (1997) Formal specification in VDM-SL of the secure EDIFACT reference implementation. NPL Report. CISE 12/97

Kibble, B P; Hartland, A; Chua, S W* (1997) Calculable AC/DC resistor for AC Quantized Hall Resistance experiments. In: BEMC 97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

L

Langham, C D; Gallop, J C (1997) Cryogenic dielectric resonators: performance and potential. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 46 (2). pp. 130-132.

Leach, R K; Jackson, K; Hart, A (1997) Design of two systems to measure the phase change at reflection and one system to measure the variability in contact error due to wringing. NPL Report. MOT 10

Leach, R K; Jackson, K; Hart, A (1997) Measurement of gauge blocks by interferometry: measurement of the phase change at reflection. NPL Report. MOT 11

Liang, W; Nye, J F* (1997) Absorptive structure diffraction measurements by an optically modulated scatter. In: BEMC '97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, Teddington, UK.

Loader, B G; Alexander, M J; Salter, M J (1997) Reduced measurement uncertainties in the frequency range 500 MHz to 1 GHz using a calculable standard dipole antenna. In: Proc. IEE 10th International Conference on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 1-3 September 1997, Coventry.

Loader, B G; Whitehouse, J* (1997) A dual septum TEM cell for radiated immunity testing. In: BEMC 97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, NPL, Teddington, UK.

Lord, J D (1997) Measuring the dimensional stability of composites. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)014

Lord, J D (1997) Strain gauge techniques for measuring thermal expansion. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)012

Lord, J D; Nimmo, W; Cooper, D*; Morrell, R (1997) Strain gauge techniques for measuring thermal expansion. NPL Report. CMMT(A)68

Lord, J D; Roebuck, B (1997) Elevated temperature tensile tests in discontinuously reinforced MMC. Technical Report.

Lord, J D; Roebuck, B (1997) Recommended methods for determining Young's modulus for tensile tests. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)016

Loveday, M S (1997) Data for forging and rolling process modelling. Forging Technology, 5 (3). pp. 44-45.

Loveday, M S (1997) Data for forging and rolling process modelling. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)21

M

Macfarlane, J*; Peden, D*; Hao, L*; Gallop, J C; Romans, E* (1997) Effect of junction noise in a resistive high Tc SQUID noise thermometer. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 723-726.

Machin, G (1997) The NPL high temperature radiation thermometry calibration facility. NPL Report. CBTM 3

Macleod, M*; Bowden, R*; Bevan, N; Curson, I (1997) The MUSiC performance measurement method. Behav. Inf. Technol., 16 (4-5). pp. 279-293.

Makepeace, J L (1997) International intercomparison: Final report - Comparison of internal proportional gas counting of 85Kr and 3H. Metrologia, 33. p. 93.

McCarthy, M B; Nunn, J W; Rodger, G N (1997) NPL optical length scales in the range 300nm to 400nm. In: Proc. Landamap 97, 16 July 1997, Huddersfield.

McCartney, L N (1997) Design guide for predicting composite properties. part i: description of methodology. NPL Report. CMMT(A)79

McCartney, L N (1997) Predicting non-linear behaviour in multiple-ply, cross-ply laminates resulting from micro-cracking. Solid Mechanics and its Applications, 49. pp. 379-390.

McCartney, L N (1997) Predicting steady state delamination in a cross-ply laminate subject to through-thickness pressure. NPL Report. CMMT(A)65

McCartney, L N (1997) Prediction of ply cracking in general symmetric laminates. In: Proc. 4th International conference on Deformation and Fracture of Composites, March 1997, Manchester.

McCartney, L N (1997) Should composite micro-mechanics be used in design? In: Proc. 4th International Conference on Composite Engineering, July 1997, Hawaii, USA.

McCartney, L N (1997) validation of models to predict thermal expansion of fibre reinforced metal matrix composites. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)003

McCartney, L N; Pierse, C (1997) Stress transfer mechanics for multiple ply laminates for axial loading and bending. In: Proc. 11th International Conference on Composite Materials, July 1997, Gold Coast, Australia.

McCartney, L N; Pierse, C (1997) Stress transfer mechanics for multiple ply laminates subject to bending. NPL Report. CMMT(A)55

McDonald, J C*; Alberts, W G*; Bartlett, D T*; Chartier, J L*; Eisenhauer, C M*; Schraube, H O E*; Schwartz, R B*; Thomas, D J (1997) Current status of an ISO working document on reference radiations: Characteristics and methods of production of simulated practical neutron fields. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 70. pp. 323-325.

McNair, P A C; Gentle, D G (1997) Microwave antenna measurements at NPL - theory and practise. In: PIERS 1997- Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, January 1997, Hong Kong.

McNair, P A C; Gentle, D G (1997) Understanding open area test site performance. In: AMTA '97, 19th Meeting and Symposium, 17-21 November 1997, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Mills, K C (1997) Continuous casting powders and their effect on surface quality and sticker breakouts. In: Proc. 5th International Conference on Molten Slags, Fluxes and Salts, January 1997, Sydney, Australia.

Mills, K C; Halali, M*; Lorz, H P*; Kinder, A*; Pomfret, R*; Walker, B* (1997) A simple test for the measurement of slag viscosities. In: Proc. 5th International Conference on Molten Slags, Fluxes and Salts, January 1997, Sydney, Australia.

Mills, K C; Monaghan, B; Keene, B J (1997) Thermal conductivities of molten metals. Part 1 Pure Metals. NPL Report. CMMT(A)53

Milton, M J T; Gardiner, T; Molero, F*; Galech, J* (1997) Injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator for range-resolved DIAL measurements of atmospheric methane. Opt. Commun., 142 (1-3). pp. 153-160.

Milton, M J T; Gardiner, T D; Molero, F*; Galech, J* (1997) Injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator for range-resolve DIAL measurements of atmospheric methane. Opt. Commun., 142 (1-3). pp. 153-160.

Milton, M J T; Goody, B A; Partridge, R H; Andrews, A (1997) An estimate of Methane emissions from UK Landfill sites based on direct flux measurements at representative sites. NPL Report. QM 134

Milton, M J T; Woolley, A M (1997) Trends in UK visibility between 1980 and 1996. NPL Report. COEM 1

Monaghan, B (1997) A review of chemical diffusion coefficient measurement techniques for metallic systems. NPL Report. CMMT(A)54

Morrell, R (1997) Thermal properties of composite materials - results of an interlaboratory comparison. NPL Report. CMMT(A)72

Morrell, R (1997) Thermal properties of composites - measurements, models and thermal exposure derived changes in MMCs and CMCs. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)010

Morrell, R (1997) Thermal property measurements and data on composite materials. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)11

N

Naftaly, M*; Jha, A*; Taylor, E R*; Mills, K C (1997) Viscosity measurement in halide melts. J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 213-21. pp. 106-112.

Naismith, O F; Siebert, B R L* (1997) A database of neutron spectra, instrument response functions and dosimetric conversion factors for radiation protection applications. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 70. pp. 241-245.

Naismith, O F; Siebert, B R L*; Thomas, D J (1997) Response of neutron dosemeters in radiation protection environments and investigation of techniques to improve estimates of dose equivalent. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 70. pp. 255-260.

O

Olusanya, A (1997) Project PAJ3 combined cyclic loading and hostile environments 1996-1999. Report 3. A guide to the use of design of experiment methods. NPL Report. CMMT(A)67

Osgerby, S; Saunders, S R J; Gohil, D D; Shafirstein, G (1997) Mechanical and chemical characterisation of coated systems. Materials Science Forum, 251-25 (2). pp. 737-744.

Owen-Jones, S (1997) Summary of wear test methods: notes on 10th international conference on wear of metals, Boston, 1995. NPL Report. CMMT(A)93

Owen-Jones, S; Gee, M G (1997) Wear testing papers, reports and proceedings database. NPL Report. CMMT(A)90

Owen-Jones, S; Gee, M G (1997) Wear testing standards database. NPL Report. CMMT(A)89

P

Paton Walsh, C; Bell, W; Gardiner, T; Swann, N R; Woods, P T; Notholt, J*; Schutt, H*; Galle, B*; Arlander, W*; Mellqvist, J* (1997) An uncertainty budget for groundbased FTIR column measurements of HCI, HF, N2O and HNO3 deduced from results of side-by-side instrument intercomparisons. J. Geophys. Res., 102 (D7). pp. 8867-8873.

Perkin, M P (1997) A comparison of low differential pressure standards in the range 3 Pa to 1000 Pa. NPL Report. CMAM 3

Petit, G*; Thomas, C*; Moussay, P*; Davis, J A; Miranian, M* (1997) Multi-channel GPS common-view time transfer experiments: First results and uncertainty study for short and long baselines. In: Proc. 29th Annual Precise Time and Time Interval Systems and Applications meeting, December 1997, Long Beach, California.

Petley, B W (1997) Louis Essen, 1908-1997. Physics World (Novemb). p. 55.

Petley, B W (1997) The fundamental constants of physics. In: The Dictionary of Physics. UNSPECIFIED.

Pillai, S; Bull, C; Turnbull, A (1997) Measurement of environment stress cracking of plastics. In: Euromat 97, 21-23 April 1997, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Porter, N D (1997) Night noise contours: a feasibility study. NPL Report. CMAM 4

Porter, N D; Berry, B F (1997) A study of standard methods for measuring the sound quality of industrial products: final report. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)021

Preston, R C; Bond, A D (1997) An experimental study of the reflection from spherical and flat ended cylindrical targets suitable for fetal Doppler performance assessment. Ultrasound Med. Biol., 23 (1). pp. 117-128.

Q

Quested, P N; Mills, K C; Brooks, R F; Day, A; Taylor, R*; Szelagowski, H* (1997) Physical property measurements for simulation modelling of heat and fluid flow during solidification. In: Proc. International Symposium on Liquid Metal Processing and Casting, February 1997, Santa Fe, USA.

Quested, P N; Mills, K C; Brooks, R F; Monaghan, B; Dinsdale, A T; Day, A; Richardson, M J; Andon, R J L; Taylor, R*; Szelagowski, H* (1997) Physical property measurements for the mathematical modelling of heat and fluid flow in solidification processes. Int. J. Thermophysics, 18 (2). pp. 471-480.

R

Raymond, N M; Nielsen, L* (1997) A Bi-Lateral Comparison of a 0.5 gram to 0.001 gram Weight Set. NPL Report. CMAM 6

Rayner, D (1997) Future directions for protocol testing, learning lessons from the past. In: Testing of Communicating Systems Volume 10. UNSPECIFIED.

Rides, M (1997) Extensional viscoelastic measurements of polymer melts. In: Proc. Polymer Process Engineering 97, July 1997, Bradford.

Rides, M; Chakravorty, S (1997) Review of converging flow methods for determining the extensional flow behaviour of polymer melts. NPL Report. CMMT(A)80

Ridler, N M (1997) ANAMET - Past, Present and Future. In: Proc. 26th ARMMS Conference, 7-8 April 1997, The Abbey Hotel, Malvern.

Ridler, N M (1997) ANAMET measurement compaisons 931, 942 and 951. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M (1997) ANAMET. The collected ANAlyse notes - Volume 2, numbers 11 to 20. NPL Report. CETM 8

Ridler, N M; Medley, J C (1997) The ANAMET data analysis game. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M; Medley, J C (1997) ANAMET-971: "live" investigation into variation in ANA measurements due to different calibration loads. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M; Medley, J C (1997) Improvements to traceability for impedance measurements at RF in the UK. IEE Engineering, Science and Education Journal, 6 (1). pp. 17-24.

Ridler, N M; Medley, J C (1997) Improvements to traceability for impedance measurements at RF in the UK. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M; Medley, J C (1997) Live dial gauge comparison exercise: ANAMET-963. Technical Report.

Roberts, M; Taylor, P; Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Klein, H A; Rowley, W R C (1997) Observation of an electric octupole transition in a single Ion. Phys. Rev. Lett., 78 (10). pp. 1876-1879.

Robinson, I A; Buller, R (1997) Precise temperature control using a conventional air-conditioning system. In: BEMC '97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, Teddington, UK.

Robinson, I A; Kibble, B P (1997) The NPL moving-coil apparatus - a status report. In: BEMC'97. 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, Teddington, UK.

Robinson, I A; Kibble, B P (1997) The NPL moving-coil apparatus for measureming Planck's constant and monitoring the kilogram. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 46 (2). pp. 596-600.

Robinson, J A J; Barry, T I (1997) Experimental methods for the measurement of thermodynamic data and recommendation about future capability at NPL. NPL Report. CMMT(A)75

Robinson, S P; Green, G J (1997) Intercomparison to validate calibration methods for hydrophones in the frequency range 10-315 kHz. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)020

Roebuck, B (1997) Bend strength measurements for hardmetals (Part 2 - analysis of results). Technical Report.

Roebuck, B (1997) Effect of testpiece geometry on the flexural strength of representative hardmetals and cermets. In: Proc. 14th International Plansee Seminar, 1997, Reutte, Austria.

Roebuck, B (1997) Low temperature properties of hardmetals. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)004

Roebuck, B; Gee, M G (1997) Modelling the effects of structure size distribution on the strength and toughness of hardmetals. In: 14th Int. Plansee Seminar, May 1997, Reutte, Austria.

S

Sakuma, F*; Sakate, H*; Johnson, B C*; Gibson, C*; Machin, G; Ricolfi, T*; Battuello, M*; Fischer, J* (1997) International intercomparisons using round-robin radiation thermometers organised bu NRIM in the last four years. In: Proc. 6th International Conference of Temperature and Thermal Measurements (TEMPBEIJING 97), 1997, Beijing, China.

Saunders, S R J; Evans, H E*; M, Li*; Gohil, D D; Osgerby, S (1997) Oxidation growth stresses in an alumina-forming ferritic steel measured by creep deflection. Oxid. Met., 48 (3-4). pp. 189-200.

Saunders, S R J; Gohil, D D; Osgerby, S (1997) The combined effects of downtime corrosion and sulphidation on the degradation of commercial alloys. Mater. High Temp., 14 (3). pp. 237-243.

Scott, C J; Woods, M J; Keightley, J D (1997) The use of relatively small sources for the calibration of area survey meters. NPL Report. CIRM 6

Seah, M P (1997) Surface chemical analysis: comparing and exchanging data. J. Vac. Sci. Technol.,, 15 (3). pp. 485-492.

Seah, M P; Brown, M T (1997) Validation of software for the analysis of peak areas in XPS. In: ECASIA 97 - European Conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis, 16 - 20 June 1997, Goteburg, Sweden.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S (1997) AES: energy calibration of electron spectrometers. III - general calibration rules. J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 83 (2-3). pp. 197-208.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Beamson, G* (1997) XPS: Binding energy calibration of electron spectrometers, 5 - A re-evaluation of the reference energies. NPL Report. CMMT(A)88

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Bishop, H E; Lorang, G* (1997) Practical analyses of Intensities in AES. In: ECASIA 97, European Conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis, 16 - 20 June 1997, Goteburg, Sweden.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Spencer, S J (1997) XPS: Binding energy calibration of electron spectrometers 4 - an assessment of effects for different x-ray sources, analyser resolutions and angles of emission and of the overall uncertainties. NPL Report. CMMT(A)57

Seah, M P; Spencer, S J; Bodino, F*; Pireaux, J J* (1997) The alignment of spectrometers and quantitative measurements in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. J. Electron Spectrosc., 87. pp. 159-167.

Seah, M P; Spencer, S J; Bodino, F*; Pireaux, J J* (1997) The alignment of spectrometers and quantitive measurements in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 87. pp. 159-167.

Shaw, A; Preston, R C; Bond, A D (1997) Assessment of the likely thermal index values for pulsed Doppler ultrasonic equipment - Stage 1: calculation based on manufacturers' data. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)018

Sherwood, T R (1997) Euromet project 363 - harmonisation of audiometry measurements within Europe. Final Report. NPL Report. CMAM 1

Sims, G D (1997) Composite test methods standardisation: trends and issues. NPL Report. CMMT(A)85

Sims, G D; Nimmo, W (1997) Reference temperature for thermal testing of polymer matrix composites. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)018

Skelton, R P*; Loveday, M S (1997) A re-interpretation of the BCR/VAMAS low cycle fatigue intercomparison programme using an energy criterion. Mater. High Temp., 14 (1). pp. 53-68.

Slavcheva, E*; Shone, B*; Turnbull, A (1997) Factors controlling naphthenic acid corrosion. In: Proc. Corrosion '97, NACE, March 1997, Houston, USA.

T

Taylor, P; Roberts, M; Gateva-Kostova, S V*; Clarke, R B W*; Barwood, G P; Rowley, W R C; Gill, P (1997) Investigation of the 2S1/2-2D5/2 clock transition in a single ytterbium ion. Phys. Rev. A, 56. p. 2699.

Thomas, C; Daly-Jones, O; Harry, A (1997) Human factors in measurement and calibrations. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 8

Thomas, D J; Bartlett, D T*; Burke, M; Horwood, N; Tanner, R J*; Taylor, G C (1997) Response characteristics of PADC track-etch and NTA film neutron personal dosemeters for backscatter from standard calibration phantoms. NPL Report. CIRM 7

Thomas, D J; Chartier, J L*; Klein, H*; Naismith, O F; Posny, F*; Taylor, G C (1997) Results of a large scale neutron spectrometry and dosimetry comparison exercise at the Cadarache Moderator Assembly. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 70. pp. 313-322.

Thomas, D J; Taylor, G C (1997) Response function measurements for the REM 500: a microdosimetric counter based area survey instrument. In: Proc. International Conference on Radiation Dosimetry and Safety, 31 March-2 April 1997, Taipai, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Thompson, R; Henderson, L C A (1997) The NPL 10 V JJAVS: an update on its use for DVM linearity measurements. In: BEMC 97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

Tomlins, P E (1997) Crystallization kinetics in polymer melts. NPL Report. CMMT(A)66

Tomlins, P E (1997) Predicting and controlling the dimensional stability of injection moulded plastic parts. NPL Report. CMMT(A)60

Turnbull, A (1997) Graphite gaskets - benefit or risk. In: Proc. Corrosion Matters, Institute of Corrosion, October 1997, London.

Turnbull, A (1997) Implications of internal cathodic reactions for crevice attack of stainless steels in chloride environments. Br. Corros. J., 32 (4). pp. 283-290.

Turnbull, A (1997) Modelling of crack chemistry in sensitized stainless steel in boiling water reactor environments. Corros. Sci., 39 (4). pp. 789-805.

Turnbull, A; Falla, N*; Smith, A*; White, D* (1997) Accelerated weathering of UPVC. J. Mater. Sci., 32 (9). pp. 2313-2327.

Turnbull, A; Hutchings, R B; Ferriss, D H (1997) Modelling of thermal desorption of hydrogen from metals. Mater. Sci. Eng., A238. pp. 317-328.

Turnbull, A; White, D*; Falla, N*; Smith, A (1997) Accelerated weathering of UPVC. J. Mater. Sci., 32 (9). p. 2313.

V

Verrill, J F (1997) Meeting the requirements for traceability. Laboratory News (Novemb). p. 18.

Verrill, J F (1997) Towards improved accuracy of surface colour measurements. In: Proc. AIC Color 97, May 1997, Kyoto, Japan.

Verrill, J F; Clarke, P J; O'Halloran, J (1997) Study of improved methods for Absolute Colorimetry. Fifth report - study of colorimetric errors on industrial instruments. NPL Report. COEM 2

Verrill, J F; Hanson, A; Knee, P C (1997) Study of improved methods for absolute colorimetry. Fourth report: investigation of colorimetric errors. NPL Report. COEM 3

Verrill, J F; Knee, P C; Hanson, A (1997) Study of improved methods for absolute colorimetry. Third report, recommendations. NPL Report. QM 130

Verrill, J F; Malkin, F*; Larkin, J A*; Wardman, R H* (1997) The BCRA-NPL Ceramic Colour Standards series II - Master spectral reflectance and thermochromism data. Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists., 113. pp. 84-94.

W

Walker, B; Buncle, P T; Jones, T C E (1997) Return loss calibration of OTDR's. In: OFMC '97. 4th Optical Fibre Measurement Conf. Digest., 29 September-1 October 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

Wall, C F; Jones, T C E; Benson, J M (1997) Evaluation of curve-fitting techniques to determine the cut-off wavelength of single mode fibres. In: OFMC '97. 4th Optical Fibre Measurement Conf. Digest., 29 September-1 October 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

White, D R*; Jones, K*; Williams, J M; Ramsey, I E* (1997) A simple resistance network for calibrating resistance bridges. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 46 (5). pp. 1068-74.

White, D R*; Williams, J M (1997) A resistance network for verifying the accuracy of resistance bridges. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 46 (2). pp. 329-332.

Wichmann, B (1997) High Integrity Ada. In: Safecomp '97, 7-10 September 1997, York, UK.

Wichmann, B (1997) Software in scientific computing. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 5

Wichmann, B (1997) Testing Ada fixed point operations. NPL Report. CISE 11/97

Wicks, M C; Mechels, S E* (1997) Interlaboratory comparison of optical fibre measurements. Metrologia, 34 (5). p. 449.

Williams, R G; Hall, D A (1997) SM&T Project 3032 - Contract MATI-CT 940063. Final summary report - Design and validation of glazed calibration panels required for the measurement of thermal transmittance of glazed assemblies. NPL Report. CBTM 2

Williams, R G; Hall, D A (1997) SM&T Project 3032 - Contract MATI-CT 940063. Report of the NPL hot box measurements using the procedures specified in prEN 12412-1 with 1.2m X 1.2m glazed calibration panels. NPL Report. CBTM 1

Williams, R G; Hall, D J (1997) DOE Research contract 39/3/279 - Hot-box measurements of eight window systems. NPL Report. QM 132

Williams, R G; Harris, R* (1997) DOE Research contract 39/3/279 - Comparison between the measured, simulated and calculated U-values of eight window systems. NPL Report. QM 131

Woods, M J (1997) Radionuclide calibration - NPL sets the standards. Scope, 6. pp. 26-30.

Woods, M J; Ciocanel, M; Keightley, J D (1997) Intercomparison of 111In solution sources in UK hospitals, 1997. Technical Report. CIRM 001

Woods, M J; Ciocanel, M; Keightley, J D (1997) Intercomparison of 123I solution sources in UK Hospitals, 1996. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)017

Woods, M J; Ciocanel, M; Keightley, J D (1997) Intercomparison of 123I solution sources in UK Hospitals, 1996. Technical Report.

Woods, M J; Jerome, S M (1997) Review of environmental standards and intercomparisons practical limitations on measurement accuracies. In: Proc. Workshop on the Status of Measurement techniques for the Identification of Nuclear Signatures, 25-27 February 1997, Geel, Belgium.

Woods, P T; Bell, W; Paton Walsh, C; Gardiner, T; Martin, N A (1997) Groundbased measurements of stratospheric trace species around 60 degrees N as part of the SESAME campaign. NPL Report. QM 129

Woods, P T; Milton, M J T; Gardiner, T (1997) The application of optical remote monitoring techniques to regulatory measurements of industrial emissions. In: 90th AGM Air and Waste management Association, June 1997, Toronto, Canada.

Woods, S A; Hemingway, J D*; Bowles, N E; Makepeace, J L (1997) Standard gamma-ray spectra for the comparison of spectral analysis software. NPL Report. CIRM 2

Wright, P S (1997) An AC voltage standard using digital synthesis. IEE Colloq. Dig., 161. 2/1-4.

Wright, P S (1997) Measurements of Non-sinesoidal waveforms. In: BEMC '97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

Wright, P S (1997) The NPL Mk.IV digital sampling wattmeter. In: BEMC '97 8th International Conference on Electromagnetic Measurement Digest, 4-6 November 1997, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington.

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