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Number of items: 296.

A

Actis, A*; Bell, S A; Benyon, R*; Cretinon, B*; de Groot, M*; Heinonen, M*; Scholz, G*; Steiner, A* (1998) The use of a humid air generator as a reference method for measuring humidity. In: Proc. Third International Symposium on Humidity and Moisture., April 1998, London, UK.

Adsley, I*; Andrew, D*; Arnold, D*; Bojanowski, R*; Bourlat, Y*; Byrne, A R*; Crespo, M T*; Desmond, J*; de Felice, P*; Fazio, A*; Gascon, J L*; Grieve, R S*; Holmes, A S*; Jerome, S M; Korun, M*; Magnoni, M*; Odell, K J*; Popplewell, D S*; Poupaki, I*; Sutton, G*; Toole, J*; Wakerley, M W*; Wershofen, H*; Woods, M J*; Youngman, M J* (1998) The characterisation of an intertidal sediment from the Cumbrian coastline. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 49. pp. 1295-1300.

Aldridge, D C; Jarvis, D; Jones, B E*; Rakowski, R T* (1998) A method for demonstrating the linearity of microphones at high sound pressures. Acustica, 84. pp. 1167-1171.

Aldridge, D C; Jarvis, D; Jones, B E*; Rakowski, R T* (1998) A pressure-step method for determining the low frequency sensitivity of measurement microphones at high sound pressures. Acta Acoustica, 84 (6). pp. 1167-1171.

Alexander, M J (1998) The calibration of VHF antennas. IEE Colloq. Dig., 254. 11/15-44

Armitage, D (1998) Mass & Weight. Technical Report. NPL, Teddington.

Arnaut, L R (1998) Analysis of an omnidirectional chiral structure. In: Bianisotropics '98 Conference Proceedings, 3-6 June 1998, Braunschweig, Germany.

Arnaut, L R (1998) Recursive de-embedding procedure for computation of mutual coupling between bianisotropic or complex sources and scatterers. Int. J. Electron. Commun., 51 (1). pp. 1-8.

Arnaut, L R; West, P D (1998) Evaluation of the NPL untuned stadium reverberation chamber using mechanical and electronic stirring techniques. NPL Report. CEM 11

Ascroft, J T (1998) 3.5 mm coaxial power standard. IEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Technol., 145 (4). pp. 159-162.

Ascroft, J T (1998) Microwave power standards and measurement systems at NPL. In: Proc. 2nd ESA Workshop on Millimetre Wave Technology and Applications: Antennas, Circuits and Systems (WPP-149), 27-29 May 1998, Espoo, Finland.

Ascroft, J T; Beaumont, J (1998) Power measurements for wireless communications. ARMMS Digest..

Ascroft, J T; Clark, R F*; Janik, D* (1998) Intercomparison for RF power in 3.5mm coaxial line up to 26 GHz. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

Ashcroft, J T (1998) Developments in coaxial power standards at NPL. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 2003, Washington DC, USA.

Awan, S A; Kibble, B P (1998) Characterisation of resistance and capacitance standards up to 1MHz. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

B

Bardell, A G; Burke, M; Hunt, J B; Thomas, D J (1998) Anisotropy of emmision from radionuclide neutron sources. NPL Report. CIRM 24

Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Klein, H A; Rowley, W R C (1998) Sub-kHz "clock" transition linewidths in a cold trapped 88Sr+ ion in low magnetic fields using 1092-nm polarisation switching. Opt. Commun., 151 (1-3). pp. 50-5.

Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Rowley, W R C (1998) High accuracy length metrology using multiple-stage swept-frequency interferometry with laser diodes. Meas. Sci. Technol., 9 (7). pp. 1036-41.

Beaumont, J; Ascroft, J T (1998) Power measurements for the wireless communications industry. NPL Report. CEM 8

Bell, S A (1998) Validation of the NPL primary gravimetric hygrometer. In: Proc. Third international symposium on humidity and moisture., April 1998, London, UK.

Bell, S A (1998) A study of the requirements for standards for the measurement of moisture in solid materials. NPL Report. CMAM 20

Bell, W; Paton Walsh, C; Woods, P T; Donohoe, L; Gould, A; Secker, D; Naughten, S; Swann, N R; Martin, N A; Page, L E; Chipperfield, M P*; Lee, A M*; Pullen, S* (1998) Groundbased FTIR measurements of stratospheric trace species from Aberdeen during winter and spring 1993/94 and 1994/95 and comparison with a 3D model. J. Atmos. Chem., 30 (1). pp. 119-130.

Bell, W; Paton Walsh, C; Woods, P T; Nieuwenkemp, G*; Alink, A*; Borowiak, A*; De Saeger, E*; Macé, T*; Sutour, Ch.*; Rudolf, W* (1998) First annual progress report on standards, measurement and testing programme project SMT4-CT96-2094. Harmonising of air quality measurements in Europe ('HAMAQ'). NPL Report. COEM 4

Bell, W; Paton-Walsh, C; Woods, P T; Gardiner, T D; Chipperfield, M P*; Lee, A M* (1998) Groundbased FTIR measurements with high temporal resolution. J. Atmos. Chem., 30 (1). pp. 131-140.

Berry, B F (1998) Standards for a quieter world: some acoustical reflections from the UK National Physical Laboratory. Acoust. Bull., 23 (5). pp. 17-28.

Berry, B F (1998) Standards for a quieter world: some acoustical reflections from the UK National Physical Laboratory. In: Proc. Internoise 97, August 1997, Budapest.

Berry, B F; Flindell, I H (1998) Noise effects research: the importance of estimating noise exposure properly. In: NOISE EFFECTS '98, November 1998, Sydney, Australia.

Berry, B F; Porter, N D; Flindell, I H (1998) The feasibility of linking future noise standards to health effects. In: NOISE EFFECTS '98, November 1998, Sydney, Australia.

Bhansali, P V*; Burns, A*; Carre, B*; Craigen, D*; Johnson, N*; Michell, S*; Motet, G*; Romanski, G*; Saaltink, M*; Rowlands, G*; Tacy, A*; Thornley, J P*; Tombs, D*; Vardanega, T*; Wichmann, B (1998) Guidance for the use of the Ada programming language in high integrity systems. Ada Letters, 18 (4). pp. 47-94.

Birch, J R; Clarke, F J J (1998) Interreflection errors in Fourier transform spectroscopy: a preliminary appraisal. Anal. Chim. Acta, 380 (2-3). pp. 369-378.

Bond, A D; Preston, R C (1998) The NPL Doppler fetal heart beat detector test facility. Ultrasound Med. Biol., 24 (3). pp. 443-450.

Bowles, N E; Woods, S A; Woods, D H; Jerome, S M; Woods, M J; de Lavison, P A G; Lineham, S; Keightley, J D; Poupaki, I* (1998) Standardisation of 153Sm. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 49 (9-11). pp. 1345-1347.

Bowles, N E; Woods, S A; Woods, D H; Jerome, S M; Woods, M J; de Lavison, P A G; Lineham, S; Keightley, J D; Poupaki, I* (1998) Standardisation of 153Sm. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 49. pp. 1345-1347.

British Committee on Radiation Units and Measurements, (1998) BCRU advice on RBE values for the retrospective calculation of risk to specific organs as a result of neutron radiation. Br. J. Radiol., 71. pp. 669-671.

British Committee on Radiation Units and Measurements, (1998) BCRU advice on RBE values for the retrospective calculation of risk to specific organs as a result of neutron radiation. J. Radiol. Prot., 18. pp. 43-46.

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M J; Maudgal, A; Sims, G D (1998) Review of test methods and standards for assessing long-term performance of polymer matrix composites. NPL Report. CMMT(A)94

Broughton, W R; McCartney, L N (1998) Predictive models for assessing long-term performance of polymer matrix composites. NPL Report. CMMT(A)95

Brown, C S; Hobbs, C (1998) Pressure-volume-temperature behaviour of polymers during rapid cooling. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)033

Buckman, S M*; Keightley, J D; Smith, D*; Woods, M J (1998) The validation of a digital coincidence counting system. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 49. pp. 1135-1140.

Burns, D T; McEwen, M R (1998) Ion recombination corrections for the NCAP parallel-plate chamber in a pulsed electron beam. Phys. Med. Biol., 43 (8). pp. 2033-2045.

Butler, B P (1998) Report to the National Measurement System Policy Unit, DTI. Initial status report on software activity worldwide. From the UK software support for metrology programme. NPL Report. CISE 17/98

Butler, B P; Forbes, A B; Kenward, P D (1998) Position calibration software: Fortran implementation of algorithms to determine frame of reference from measurements of registration points. NPL Report. CISE 14/98

C

Cain, M G; Stewart, M; Gee, M G (1998) Experimental measurement methods for the evaluation of degradation in piezoelectric ceramics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)116

Chua, S W; Kibble, B P; Hartland, A (1998) Comparison of capacitance using the AC Quantized Hall Resistance. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 48 (2). pp. 342-345.

Chua, S W; Kibble, B P; Hartland, A (1998) Comparison of capacitance using the AC Quantized Hall Resistance. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) 1998, July 1998, Washington D.C., USA.

Chua, S W*; Hartland, A; Kibble, B P (1998) Measurement of the AC Quantized Hall Resistance. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

Chua, S W*; Kibble, B P; Hartland, A (1998) Comparison of capacitance with AC Quantized Hall Resistance. In: 1998 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurments, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

Chua, S W*; Kibble, B P; Hartland, A (1998) Comparison of capacitance with AC quantized Hall resistance. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 2003, Washington DC, USA.

Chunnilall, C J; Fox, N P (1998) Radiometric applications of Fourier-transform (FT) spectrometers. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 529-534.

Clarke, P J (1998) COOMET international comparison of relative reflectance measurements. Report on NPL measurements for PTB, Friedrichshagen, Berlin. NPL Report. COEM 23

Clarke, R B W*; Riis, E*; Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Huang, G; Klein, H A (1998) A sideband-injection locked extended cavity diode laser for interrogating cold trapped strontium ions. Opt. Commun., 158 (1-6). pp. 36-40.

Cook, R J (1998) Report on a survey of LISN and absorbing clamp use. NPL Report. CEM 9

Corta, R*; Cox, M G; Cross, N R; Dotson, J R; Flack, D R; Forbes, A B; O'Donnell, J*; Peggs, G N; Prieto, E* (1998) A large reference artefact for CMM verification. NPL Report. CLM 6

Cox, M G; Dainton, M P; Harris, P M; Ridler, N M; Young P R, (1998) A generalised treatment of the uncertainty in calibration and measurement for vector-indicating microwave reflectometers. In: 2nd International Workshop on Advanced Mathematical Methods in Measurement and Instrumentation, 8-10 July 1998, Villa Olmo, Como, Italy.

Cox, M G; Forbes, A B; Harris, P M; Peggs, G N (1998) Determining CMM behaviour from measurements of standard artefacts. NPL Report. CISE 15/98

Cox, M G; Harris, P M (1998) The design and use of reference data sets for testing scientific software. Anal. Chim. Acta, 380 (2-3). pp. 339-352.

Coyle, M*; Derwent, R G*; Flechard, C*; Fowler, D*; Milton, M J T; Smith, R I* (1998) Trends in rural ozone concentrations in the UK. In: Proceedings of EUROTRAC Symposium '98 transport and chemical tranformation in the troposhere., March 1998, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

Cumpson, P J (1998) Guide to smoothing in AES and XPS. NPL Report. CMMT(A)159

Cumpson, P J; Seah, M P; Spencer, S J (1998) The calibration of Auger and X-ray photoelectron spectrometers for valid analytical measurements. Spectrosc. Eur., 10 (3). pp. 8-15.

D

Davis, J A; Furlong, J M; Clarke, J D (1998) The performance characteristics of a two-way time transfer earth station incorporating a new satre modem. In: Proceedings of the 12th European Frequency and Time Forum (EFTF), March 1998, Warsaw.

Dean, A J*; Pedley, S E* (1998) Miniature multi-sensor module study. NPL Report. CMMT(A)118

Dean, G; Hu, F; Duncan, B C (1998) Project PAJ2, Report No. 5. The application of finite element methods to the design of adhesive joints. NPL Report. CMMT(A)102

Dean, G; Read, B E; Duncan, B C (1998) Project CAM6, Report No. 3. The application of finite element methods to the prediction of the impact performance of plastics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)100

Downes, S (1998) Present status of the different approaches to the re-definition of the kilogram. NPL Report. CMAM 11

Downs, M J (1998) Realisation of the optimum performance from length-measuring interferometers by atmospheric refractometry. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 3477. pp. 46-53.

Downs, M J; Forbes, A B; Siddle, J E (1998) The verification of a high precision two dimensional position measurement system. In: Applied Optics and Optoelectronics 1998, 16-19 March 1998, Brighton, UK.

Dowson, S P (1998) Specification standards for acoustical instruments - the impact of measurement uncertainties. In: Internoise 98, November 1998, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Dowson, S P (1998) Specification standards for acoustical instruments - the impact of measurement uncertainties. In: Proc. Internoise 98, 16-20 November 1998, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Dowson, S P (1998) Trials of new sound level meter verification tests. Euromet project no. 394. NPL Report. CMAM 25

Drew, D W; Thomas, D J (1998) Measurements of the response functions of PADC track-etch and NTA film personal neutron dosemeters over the energy range from 100 keV to 5 MeV. NPL Report. CIRM 11

Dudley, R A; Roddie, A G; Bannister, D J; Krems, T*; Facon, P* (1998) Electro-optic probing of microwave circuits. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

Duncan, B C (1998) Methods for measuring strains at high rates. NPL Report. CMMT(A)133

Duncan, B C (1998) Project PAJ2: Report No. 6, Project CAM6: Report No. 4. NPL Report. CMMT(A)109

E

Esward, T J (1998) An assessment of medical ultrasonic field measurement methods: final technical report for EC contract no. MAT1-CT940064. NPL Report. CMAM 17

Esward, T J; Bangash, M A (1998) Prediction of near-field behaviour of transducers: a comparison of the finite element, boundary element and angular plane wave spectrum methods and the consequences for measurements in the near field. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (3). pp. 47-55.

Esward, T J; Bangash, M A (1998) Prediction of the near-field behaviour of transducers: a comparison of the finite element, boundary element and angular plane wave spectrum methods and the consequences for measurements in the near-field. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (3). pp. 47-56.

Esward, T J; Bangash, M A (1998) Prediction of the near-field behaviour of transducers: a comparison of the finite element, boundary element and angular plane-wave spectrum methods. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (3). pp. 47-55.

Exner, H E*; Hunan, A M*; Roebuck, B (1998) Electrochemical polarisation and corrosion behaviour of colbolt and Co(W,C) alloys in 1N sulphuric acid. Mater. Sci. Eng.A, Struct. Mater., Prop. Microstruct., Process., 241 (1-2). pp. 202-210.

F

Flindell, I H*; Porter, N D; Berry, B F (1998) The assessment of environmental noise - the revision of ISO 1996. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (1). pp. 19-26.

Flowers, J L; Cleaton, N J; Josephs-Franks, P W; Petley, B W (1998) Progress towards a precision measurement of the helion magnetic moment in Bohr magnetons. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

Fox, N P; Chunnilall, C J; White, M G* (1998) Detector based transfer standards for improved accuracy in spectral irradiance and radiance measurements. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 555-561.

Fox, N P; Ward, T H; Theocharous, E (1998) Establishing a new UV and NIR spectral responsivity scale. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 535-541.

Franks, A; Luty, M; Robbie, C J; Stedman, M (1998) A design study of a microthrust balance for space applications. Nanotechnology, 9 (2). pp. 61-66.

G

Gallop, J C; Hao, L; Reed, R* (1998) The quantum roulette noise thermometer. Appl. Supercond., 5 (7-12). pp. 285-289.

Gee, M G; Gant, A J; Byrne, W P (1998) An NPL rotating wheel abrasion test. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)030

Gee, M G; Owen-Jones, S (1998) Wear testing methods and their relevance to industrial wear problems. NPL Report. CMMT(A)92

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (1998) Energy and spatial dependence of Ion detection efficiencies for single channel electron multipliers used in mass spectrometries. NPL Report. CMMT(A)87

Goodman, T M (1998) Using broad band radiometers for measurements on sources. In: International Commission on Non-ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) - Measurement of Optical Radiation Hazards, September 1998, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.

Griffiths, A J; Turnbull, A (1998) Galvanic coupling of corrosion resistant alloys in seawater at elevated temperatures. Stainless Steel World, 10 (1). pp. 38-39.

H

Hall, M J; Drake, A E; Harmon, S A C; Ager, C I (1998) Low permeability reference standards with improved high magnetic field strength performance. IEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Technol., 145 (4). pp. 181-183.

Hall, M J; Drake, A E; Harmon, S A C; Ager, C I (1998) Low permeability reference standards with improved high magnetic field strength performance. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 2003, Washington DC, USA.

Hanes, P; Tyler, R* (1998) Good practice in acoustical measurements. Acoust. Bull., 23 (4). p. 38.

Hanson, A R; Verrill, J F (1998) Study of the dependency of spectral radiance factor and colorimetric values on geometrical tolerances. Anal. Chim. Acta, 380 (2-3). pp. 363-368.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Reed, R P; Peden, D A*; MacFarlane, J C* (1998) The quantum roulette noise thermometer. In: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CEPM) 1998, 6-10 July 1998, Washington, DC, USA.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Reed, R P; Peden, D A*; Macfarlane, J C* (1998) The quantum roulette noise thermometer. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 2003, Washington DC, USA.

Hao, L; Gallop, J C; Reed, R*; Macfarlane, J C; Romans, E* (1998) Shunted YBCO bi-crystal junctions for noise thermometry. Appl. Supercond., 5 (7-12). pp. 297-301.

Hao, L; Klein, N*; Radcliffe, W J; Gallop, J C; Ghosh, I S* (1998) Temperature compensated cryogenic whispering gallery mode resonator for microwave frequency standard applications. In: 12th EFTF Conference Proceedings, 1998.

Hao, L*; Gallop, J C; Klein, N* (1998) Comparison of TE01N and whispering gallery modes for dialectric resonator frequency standards. In: EFTF 98- 12th European Frequency and Time Forum, March 1998, Warsaw, Poland.

Hao, L*; Klein, N*; Radcliffe, W J; Gallop, J C; Ghosh, I S* (1998) Temperature compensated cryogenic whispering gallery mode resonator for microwave frequency standard applications. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

Harris, P M; Robinson, S P (1998) Acoustic signal modelling and its application to the calibration of underwater electroacoustic transducers in reverberant laboratory tanks. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (3). pp. 13-20.

Harris, P M; Robinson, S P (1998) Acoustic signal modelling and its application to the calibration of underwater electroacoustic transducers in reverberant tanks.. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (3). pp. 13-20.

Harrison, N J; Fox, N P; Sperfeld, P*; Metzdorf, J*; Khlevnoy, B B*; Stolyarevskaya, R I*; Khromchenko, V B*; Mekhontsev, S N*; Shapoval, V I*; Zelener, M F*; Sapritsky, V I (1998) International comparison of radiation-temperature measurements with filtered detectors over the temperature range 1380 K to 3100 K. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 283-288.

Hartree, W S; Haycocks, P R; Fox, N P (1998) The use of a mode-locked laser for ultraviolet radiometry. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 339-343.

Hazelwood, R A*; Robinson, S P (1998) Acoustic power calibration in reverberant tanks. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (3). pp. 103-110.

Hembd-Solner, C*; Stevens, R F; Hutley, M C (1998) The imaging properties of the Gabor superlens. NPL Report. CLM 5

Hendrix, M*; Bennett, E G; Morrell, R; Dortmans, L J M G*; De With, G* (1998) CEN/VAMAS phase volume fraction round robin. Final technical report. Technical Report.

Hendrix, M*; Bennett, E G; Morrell, R; Dortmans, L J M G*; De With, G* (1998) VAMAS. Technical working area 3, Ceramics, CEN/VAMAS phase volume fraction round robin, final technical report. Technical Report.

Hu, F; Olusanya, A (1998) Extensions to GLUEMAKER a finite element modelling tool for adhesive joints to include material models for flexible adhesives. NPL Report. CMMT(A)137

Hunt, C (1998) Measuring stencil printed solder paste. NPL Report. CMMT(A)127

Hunt, C (1998) Survey of sensor requirements for environmental exposure of electronic assemblies. NPL Report. CMMT(A)115

Hunt, C; White, D; Dusek, M; Wickham, M (1998) Impact on assembly yields when substituting palladium finished for Tin/Lead finished components. NPL Report. CMMT(A)130

Hunt, C; Zou, L (1998) Instructions for an intercomparison of the surface insulation resistance (SIR) technique. NPL Report. CMMT(A)122

Hunt, C; Zou, L (1998) The impact of temperature and humidity conditions on surface insulation resistance (SIR) values for various fluxes. NPL Report. CMMT(A)119

Hunt, R A; Pierse, C; McCartney, L N (1998) A theoretical approach to the indentation of layered materials. NPL Report. CMMT(A)71

Hunt, T M; Fox, N P; Hartree, W S; Durant, N M (1998) Evaluating the performance of filter radiometers as a means of improving the uncertainty of ultraviolet measurements. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 345-351.

Hunt, T M*; Fox, N P; Hartree, W S; Durant, N M (1998) Evaluating the performance of filter radiometers as a means of improving the uncertainty of UV measurements. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 345-351.

I

Ives, D J (1998) Polarisation mode dispersion in chirped fibre bragg gratings. In: Proc. SOFM 1998, 15-17 September 1998, Boulder, Colorado, USA.

J

Jenkins, R; Knott, A J (1998) Force. Technical Report. NPL, Teddington.

Jennett, N M; Meneve, J* (1998) Depth sensing indentation of thin hard films: a study of modulus measurement sensitivity to indentation parameters. In: Fundamentals of Nanodentation and Nanotribology Symposium, 13-17 April 1998, San Francisco, USA.

Jones, R G (1998) Calibration of high voltage transformers. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 2003, Washington DC, USA.

Jones, T C E (1998) NMSPU Programme for Optical Radiation Metrology, MPU 8/36, April 1995 - March 1998. The validity of the single mode optical fibre transfer standard for the calibration of fibres for high power users. Final report of project 3.2, workpackage 3.2c - MS3. NPL Report. COEM 10

K

Kandil, F A (1998) Code of practice for the measurement of bending in uniaxial low cycle fatigue testing. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 1

Kelly, G; Barker, R M; Parkin, G I; Stevens, M (1998) SCT: Building testing into standards. Comput. Stand. Interfaces, 19 (2). pp. 129-141.

Kibble, B P (1998) Monitoring the kilogram by electromagnetic means. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

Kibble, B P (1998) Proposals for extending traceable impedance measurements to higher frequencies. Metrologia, 35 (1). pp. 17-20.

Knee, P C; Deadman, A J (1998) Intercomparison of near infrared diffuse reflectance measurements. NPL Report. COEM 6

L

Lambe, R P (1998) Real life measurement for hazard assessment - Measurement requirements to gain FDA clearance for an opthalmic instrument. In: International Commission on Non-ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) - Measurement of Optical Radiation Hazards, September 1998, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.

Langham, C D; Abbas, F; Gallop, J C (1998) Observation of 'whispering gallery' modes in dielectric rod resonators. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 2003, Washington DC, USA.

Lea, S N; Macfarlane, G M; Huang, G; Gill, P (1998) Progress towards an optical frequency chain at NPL. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 2003, Washington DC, USA.

Leach, R K (1998) Measurement of a correction for the phase change on reflection due to surface roughness. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 3477. pp. 138-151.

Lee, P D*; Quested, P N; McLean, M (1998) Modelling of Marangoni effects in electron beam melting. In: Marangoni and Interfacial Phenomena in Materials Processing. IOM, pp. 213-229. ISBN 1861250568

Lewis, V E (1998) Comparison of 24.5 keV neutron fluence measurements, 1993-1996. NPL Report. CIRM 16

Lewis, V E (1998) First IRMF intercomparison of calibrations of neutron area survey instruments 1995-1996. NPL Report. CIRM 14

Lewis, V E; McClure, D R* (1998) Second IRMF intercomparison of calibrations of portable gamma-ray dose-rate monitors, 1995-1996. NPL Report. CIRM 8

Lodeiro, M J; Maudgal, S; McCartney, L N; Morrell, R; Roebuck, B (1998) Critical review of interface testing methods for composites. NPL Report. CMMT(A)101

Lord, J D; Mummery, P M (1998) Review of elevated temperature fatigue life test methods for metal matrix composites. Project CPD2 - report 3- life assessment and prediction. NPL Report. CMMT(A)108

Loveday, M S; Roebuck, B (1998) Credible data for forging and rolling process modelling. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)034

Loveday, M S; Saunders, S R J; Gee, M G (1998) Some methods for the determination of the strength of oxides. NPL Report. CMMT(A)96

Loveday, M S; Skelton, R P* (1998) High temperature mechanical testing: a review and future directions. In: ECF12 - 12th European Conference on Fracture, September 1998, Sheffield, UK.

M

Macfarlane, G M; Barwood, G P; Rowley, W R C; Gill, P (1998) Interferometric frequency measurements of an iodine stabilised Nd:YAG laser. In: Proc. 1998 CPEM Digest, July 1998, Washington, DC, USA.

Macfarlane, G M; Barwood, G P; Rowley, W R C; Gill, P (1998) Interferometric frequency measurements of an iodine stabilised Nd:YAG laser. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 2003, Washington DC, USA.

Machin, G (1998) Report on NIST/NRLM infrared thermometer intercomparison to 3000 C: report to fulfil NMS milestone Q311d8. NPL Report. CBTM 4

Machin, G; Chu, B (1998) A transportable gallium melting point blackbody for radiation thermometry calibration. Meas. Sci. Technol., 9 (10). pp. 1653-1656.

Makepeace, J L; Altzitzoglou, T*; Cassette, P*; Dryak, P*; Gunter, E*; Hurtgen, C*; Radoszewski, T*; Simpson, B*; Unterweger, M P* (1998) International comparison of measurements of the specific activity of tritiated water. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 49 (9-11). pp. 1411-1416.

Martin, J E; Fox, N P; Harrison, N J; Shipp, B; Anklin, M* (1998) Determination and comparisons of aperture areas using geometric and radiometric techniques. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 461-464.

Martin, J E; Haycocks, P R (1998) Design considerations for the construction of an absolute radiation detector at the NPL. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 229-233.

Martin, N A; Facey, P A (1998) A new method for making Ground-based measurements of stratospheric species. NPL Report. COEM 14

Martin, N A; Goody, B A; Partridge, R H; Woolley, A M; Facey, P A (1998) Report on the requirements for new gas standards to calibrate open path and remote monitoring instruments relevant to the 1997-2000 valid analytical measurement programme. NPL Report. COEM 19

Martin, N A; Partridge, R H; Woolley, A M; Facey, P J (1998) Report on the requirements for new reactive gas calibration techniques relevant to the 1997-2000 valid analytical measurement programme. NPL Report. COEM 17

Maudgal, S; Sims, G D; Johnstone, J E; Jennett, N M (1998) Characterisation of surface roughness of fibres by atomic force microscopy. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)024

Maybank, L; Knott, A J (1998) Uncertainty of force measurement in build up procedures. In: IMEKO TC3, 1998, Osaka.

McCartney, L N (1998) Model of composite degradation due to environmental damge. NPL Report. CMMT(A)124

McCartney, L N (1998) Predicting transverse crack formation in cross-ply laminates. Comp. Sci. Technol., 58 (7). pp. 1068-1081.

McCormick, N J (1998) Measuring the density of liquid metal using the levitated drop method. NPL Report. CMMT(A)140

McEwen, M R; DuSautoy, A R; Williams, A J (1998) The calibration of therapy level electron beam ionization chambers in terms of absorbed dose to water. Phys. Med. Biol., 43 (9). pp. 2503-2519.

McEwen, M R; Duane, S (1998) Development of a portable graphite calorimeter for photons and electrons. NPL Report. CIRM 18

McEwen, M R; Williams, A J; DuSautoy, A R (1998) Trial calibrations of therapy level electron beam ionisation chambers in terms of absorbed dose to water. NPL Report. CIRM 20

Mills, K C; Keene, B J; Brooks, R F; Shirali, A (1998) Marangoni effects in welding. In: Marangoni and Interfacial Phenomena in Materials Processing. IOM, pp. 97-111. ISBN 1861250568

Mills, K C; Quested, P N; Oxley, S*; Shaw, J* (1998) Reviews of the requirements for thermal conductivity of mould materials. NPL Report. CMMT(A)110

Milton, M J T; Ancellet, G*; Apituley, A*; Bosenberg, J*; Carnuth, W*; Castagnoli, F*; Trickl, T*; Edner H*,, ; Stefanutti, L*; Schaberl, T*; Sunesson, A*; Weitkamp, C* (1998) Raman-shifted laser sources suitable for differential-absorption lidar measurements of ozone in the troposphere. Appl. Phys. B, 66 (1). pp. 105-113.

Modna, D K; Bowles, N E; Brosnan, W E; Carter, M; Ciocanel, M; Dean, J C J; de Lavison, P A G; Jerome, S M; Keightley, J D; Woods, M J; Woods, S A (1998) Environmental radioactivity intercomparison exercise, 1998. NPL Report. CIRM 15

Monaghan, B; Mills, K C; Keene, B J (1998) Lorenz relationship and thermal conductivities of liquid metals. High Temp.-High Press., 30 (4). pp. 457-464.

Morrell, R (1998) Status of standardisation of test methods in CEN/TC184. In: 9th CIMTEC World Ceramics Congress and Forum on New Materials, June 1998, Florence, Italy.

Morrell, R; Quested, P N (1998) Dilatometric measurement of melting behaviour of metal alloys. NPL Report. CMMT(A)106

Mossavati, R*; Harries, J E*; Kellock, S*; Wrigley, R T*; Fox, N P (1998) Radiometric calibration of the GERB instrument. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 603-607.

O

Olusanya, A (1998) The use of design of experiments techniques to determine the relative effectiveness of silane coupling agents on the durability of titanium alloy joints. A case study. NPL Report. CMMT(A)128

Olusanya, A; Tully, K; Mera, R; Broughton, W R (1998) A comparison of commercial design of experimental software programs for the analysis of durability data. NPL Report. CMMT(A)98A

Osgerby, S (1998) Design procedures for multiaxial stressing of particulate NMC. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)017

Osgerby, S; Gohil, D D; Saunders, S R J (1998) Cyclic high temperature corrosion in coal gasification plant and downtime corrosion: a procedure for laboratory tests to simulate industrial experience. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)025

Osgerby, S; Gohil, D D; Saunders, S R J; Evans, H* (1998) Measurement of growth strain in oxide scales by parallel beam x-ray diffraction. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)027

Osgerby, S; Saunders, S; Banks, J (1998) Measurement of fracture strain in oxide scales and coatings. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)032

Osgerby, S; Saunders, S R J; Banks, J P (1998) Scale and coating adhesion: a procedure for laboratory tests. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)026

Osgerby, S; Saunders, S R J; Banks, J P; Gohil, D D (1998) Mechanical properties of high temperature corrosion scales on materials for high temperature heat exchangers. WP13, project UK5, final report to cost 501. NPL Report. CMMT(A)139

Osgerby, S; Saunders, S R J; Evans, H E*; Gohil, D D; Banks, J P (1998) Lifetime prediction of high temperature components: breakdown of the protective oxide scale. NPL Report. CMMT(A)131

Overney, F*; Schildknecht, Th*; Beutler, G*; Prost, L*; Davis, J A; Furlong, J M (1998) Results of geodetic time transfer on an European baseline. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 2003, Washington DC, USA.

P

Partridge, R H; Woolley, A M; Holland, P E (1998) Report on the requirements for new inorganic gas standards for the 1997-2000 valid analytical measurement programme. NPL Report. COEM 18

Pasley, H S (1998) A review of the emission estimates used by the american petroleum institute and the synthetic organic compounds manufacturing industry for volatile organic compounds: theory and application. NPL Report. COEM 5

Paton Walsh, C; Bell, W; Blumenstock, Th*; Chipperfield, M P*; Galle, B*; Mellqvist, J*; Notholt, J*; Zander, R*; Demoulin, P*; Mathieu, E* (1998) Ground-based FTIR measurements from a series of european sites during the winter of 1995/96 and a comparison with a 3D chemical transport model: evidence of chlorine activation and ozone depletion. NPL Report. COEM 9

Pay, N M; Shaw, A; Bond, A D (1998) Evaluation of potential bone mimicking materials for ultrasound thermal test objects. NPL Report. CMAM 10

Payne, R C; Simmons, D (1998) The establishment of a rapid method of making sound power measurements of machinery noise emission. In: Proc. Internoise 98, 16-20 November 1998, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Payne, R C; Simmons, D (1998) The establishment of a rapid method of making sound power measurements of machinery noise emission. NPL Report. CMAM 19

Peattie, G; Davidson, S (1998) Design and assessment of an automatic 50 kg weight exchanger. NPL Report. CMAM 23

Peattie, G; Davidson, S (1998) Modifications to the NPL bullion balance. NPL Report. CMAM 21

Picolo, J L*; Seralta, S*; Dulieu, C*; Day, F E*; Fennel, S; Schrader, H*; Schotzig, U*; Unterweger, M P*; Ratel, G (1998) International comparison of activity measurements of 133Xe. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 49. pp. 1429-1435.

Porter, N D; Flindell, I H*; Berry, B F (1998) Health effect based on noise assessment methods: a review and feasibility study. NPL Report. CMAM 18

Porter, N D; Flindell, I H*; Berry, B F (1998) Health effect-based noise assessment methods: a review and feasibilty study. NPL Report. CMAM 16

Preston, R C; Robinson, S P (1998) New acoustic pressure vessel capability for the UK. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (3). pp. 73-78.

Preston, R C; Robinson, S P (1998) New acoustic pressure vessel capability for the UK. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (3). pp. 73-78.

Preston, R C; Robinson, S P (1998) Towards new UK underwater acoustical measurement standards in the 21st century. In: 16th Meeting Acoustical Society of America, June 1998, Seattle, USA.

Preston, R C; Robinson, S P (1998) Towards new UK underwater acoustical measurement standards in the 21st century. In: Proc. 16th International Congress on Acoustics and 135th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, 1998, Seattle, USA.

Preston, R C; Robinson, S P (1998) UK underwater acoustical measurement standards. In: Proc. 4th European Conf. Underwater Acoustics, 1998, Rome.

Preston, R C; Robinson, S P (1998) UK underwater acoustical measurement standards. In: Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics., 1998, Rome, Italy.

Q

Quincey, P; Gardiner, T D; Woods, P T (1998) Requirements for gas concentration standards for odour measurements, and availibility of electron tunnelling spectra of odorous compounds. NPL Report. COEM 15

R

Raine, K; Parker, A (1998) Measurement of two dimensional axial stress profiles of optical fibres with high spatial resolution. NIST Special Publication, 930. pp. 57-60.

Read, B E; Dean, G; Duncan, B C (1998) Project CAM6. Report No. 5. Characterisation of the Non-linear behaviour of plastics for finite element analysis. NPL Report. CMMT(A)114

Reher, D F G*; Woods, M J; Simpson, B R S*; Ratel, G* (1998) Portability of the calibration of SIR of BIPM to other ionisation chambers for radioactivity measurements. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 49. pp. 1417-1419.

Rides, M (1998) The effects of thermal conductivity and heat transfer coefficients on polymer processing. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)023

Ridler, N M (1998) Coverage factors and levels of confidence for vector ANA measurements. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M; Graham, C (1998) An investigation into the variation of torque values obtained using coaxial connector torque spanners. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M; Young, P R (1998) Towards traceability to UK national standards for complex reflection coefficient parameters at lower RF2. In: 27th Automated RF and Microwave Measurements Society (ARMMS) Conference, 25-26 April 1998.

Robinson, I A; Kibble, B P (1998) An isolated 1 V Josephson voltage reference. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

Robinson, R A (1998) Ambient hydrocarbon air quality monitoring network audit report 1997. NPL Report. COEM 12

Robinson, R A; Andrews, A; Gardiner, T D; Uprichard, I J; Woods, P T (1998) Differential absorption lidar measurements of VOC emissions from Wytch Farm crude oil gathering station. NPL Report. COEM 13

Robinson, R A; Casey, J D*; Andrews, A; Butterfield, D M; Swann, N R W (1998) Summary of UK ambient hydrocarbon air quality network operation during 1997. NPL Report. COEM 11

Robinson, S P; Bangash, M A (1998) A comparison of hydrophone calibration by free-field reciprocity and by optical interferometry in the frequency range 200kHz to 1MHz. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (3). pp. 139-146.

Robinson, S P; Bangash, M A (1998) A comparison of hydrophone calibrations by free-field reciprocity and optical interferometry in the frequency range 200 kHz to 1 MHz. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (3). pp. 139-146.

Robinson, S P; Preston, R C (1998) Acoustical standards for the underwater community. In: Oceanology 98, 10-13 March 1998, Brighton.

Robinson, S P; Preston, R C (1998) Acoustical standards for the underwater community. In: Proc. Oceanology Int. 98, March 1998, Brighton, UK.

Robinson, S P; Preston, R C (1998) A comparison of hydrophone calibration by free-field reciprocity and by optical interferometry. In: Proc. 16th Int. Congress on Acoustics and 135th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, 1998, Seattle, USA.

Robinson, S P; Preston, R C (1998) A comparison of hydrophone calibration by free-field reciprocity and by optical interferometry. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 103 (5, Par). p. 2755.

Robinson, S P; Preston, R C (1998) A comparison of hydrophone calibrations by free-field reciprocity and by optical interferometry. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 103 (5, Par). p. 2755.

Robinson, S P; Preston, R C; Green, G J (1998) A comparison of hydrophone calibrations within europe. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (3). pp. 1-8.

Robinson, S P; Preston, R C; Green, G J (1998) An intercomparison of hydrophone calibrations within Europe. In: Proc.16th Int. Congress on Acoustics and 135th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, 1998, Seattle, USA.

Robinson, S P; Preston, R C; Green, G J (1998) An intercomparison of hydrophone calibrations within Europe. In: 16th Meeting Acoustical Society of America, June 1998, Seattle, USA.

Robinson, S P; Preston, R C; Green, G J (1998) An intercomparison of hydrophone calibrations within Europe. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 20 (3). pp. 1-8.

Roebuck, B (1998) A new method for the measurement of strength and ductility of refractory materials at elevated temperatures. In: PM2Tec '98 Int. Conf. Powder Metallurgy and Particular Materials, June 1998, Las Vegas,USA.

Roebuck, B; Brooks, M; Gee, M G (1998) Preliminary elevated temperature mechanical tests in the ETMT. NPL Report. CMMT(A)121

Roebuck, B; Brooks, M R (1998) Flow stress measurements for machining modelling. NPL Report. CMMT(A)123

Roebuck, B; Gee, M G; Lord, J D; McCartney, L N (1998) Miniature thermal cycling tests on aluminium alloy metal matrix composites. Mater. Sci. Technol., 14 (Sept -). pp. 1001-1008.

Rosser, K E (1998) Investigation of the chamber correction factor (kch) for the UK secondary standard ionisation chamber (NE2561/NE2611) using medium-energy X-rays. Phys. Med. Biol., 42 (11). pp. 3195-3206.

Rosser, K E (1998) An alternative beam quality index for medium-energy X-ray dosimetry. Phys. Med. Biol., 43. pp. 587-598.

Rycroft, R J (1998) Assessment of field uniformity in a GTEM cell using a novel non-invasive scanning positioning system. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

S

Salter, M J; Alexander, M J (1998) Comparison of dipole antenna properties calculated by assuming a sinusoidal current distribution with properties calculated using method of moments. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

Saunders, S R J; Banks, J P (1998) Ductile brittle transition temperature (DBTT) measurement of coatings used in gas turbines. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)028

Saunders, S R J; Banks, J P (1998) Measurement of thermal mechanical fatigue (TMF) resistance of coatings used in gas turbines. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)029

Saunders, S R J; Osgerby, S; Banks, J P; Sheriff, M U (1998) Code of practice for characterising gas turbine blade coatings. NPL Report. CMMT(A)132

Scoggins, C A; Tomlins, P E; Bevis, M J* (1998) The effects of copper contamination on the properties of high density polyethylene. NPL Report. CMMT(A)138

Seah, M P (1998) AES energy calibration of electron spectrometers IV - a re-evaluation of the reference energies. J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 97 (3). pp. 235-241.

Seah, M P (1998) Procedure for measuring the repeatability of intensity scales of X-ray photoelectron spectrometers. NPL Report. CMMT(A)146

Seah, M P; Brown, M T (1998) Validation and accuracy of peak synthesis software for XPS. J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 95 (1). pp. 71-93.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S (1998) Quantitative AES VII: The ionisation cross section. Surf. Interface Anal., 26 (11). pp. 815-824.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S (1998) Quantitative AES VIII: analysis of Auger electron intensities from elemental data in a digital Auger database. Surf. Interface Anal., 26 (12). pp. 908-929.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S (1998) Quantitive AES, VI: Backscattering and backgrounds - an analysis of elemental systematics and corrections of absolute intensity. Surf. Interface Anal., 26 (10). pp. 723-735.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Beamson, G (1998) XPS: Binding energy calibration of electron spectometers 5 - a re-assessment of the reference energies. Surf. Interface Anal., 26. pp. 642-649.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Beamson, G* (1998) XPS: binding energy calibration of electron spectrometers 5 - a re-assessment of the reference energies. Surf. Interface Anal., 26. pp. 642-649.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Bishop, H E* (1998) Quantitive AES, V: Practical analysis of intensities with detailed examples of metals and their oxides. Surf. Interface Anal., 26 (10). pp. 701-722.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Spencer, S J (1998) XPS: Binding energy calibration of electron spectrometers 4 - Assessment of effects for different X-ray sources, analyser resolutions, angles of emmision and overall uncertainties. Surf. Interface Anal., 26. pp. 617-641.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Spencer, S J (1998) XPS: energy calibration of electron spectrometers, 4 - an assessment of effects for different conditions and of the overall uncertainties. Surf. Interface Anal., 26. pp. 617-641.

Sharpe, P H G (1998) Calibration and traceability in high dose dosimetry. In: IAEA-SM-356/R6 Proc. International symposium on techniques for high dose dosimetry in Industry, Agriculture and Medicine, 2-5 November 1998, Vienna.

Sharpe, P H G; Sephton, J P (1998) Alanine dosimetry at NPL - the development of a mailed reference dosimetry service at radiotherapy dose levels. In: IAEA-SM-356/R6 Proc. International symposium on techniques for high dose dosimetry in Industry, Agriculture and Medicine, 2-5 November 1998, Vienna.

Sharpe, P H G; Sephton, J P (1998) An automated system for the measurement of alanine/EPR dosimeters. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on ESR dosimetry and applications., June 1998, Moscow,.

Shaw, A; Pay, N M; Bond, A D; Preston, R C (1998) Temperature rise from pulsed doppler ultrasound. European Journal of Ultrasound, 7 (Suppl.). S13.

Shaw, A; Pay, N M; Preston, R C (1998) Assessment of the likely thermal index values for pulsed Doppler ultrasonic equipment - Stages II and III: experimental assessment of scanner/transducer combinations. NPL Report. CMAM 12

Shemar, S L; Davis, J A (1998) Improving the delay stability of a two-way satellite time and frequency transfer earth station. In: Annual Precise Time and Time Interval Systems and Applications Meeting, December 1998, Reston, VA, USA.

Simonsen, H*; Carneiro, K*; Carpenter, S*; Erard, L*; Henson, A*; Kaarls, R*; Kose, V*; Quinn, T*; Vidigal, M*; Wallard, A (1998) Equivalence of calibration certificates between EUROMET and NIST. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 2003, Washington DC, USA.

Simpson, D (1998) Pressure & Vacuum. Technical Report. NPL, Teddington.

Sims, G D (1998) Standards will cut composites industry costs. Reinforced Plastics, 42 (8). 54-55, 57-58

Smart, K (1998) An initial review of transducers and calibration methods suitable for airborne ultrasound measurement standards. NPL Report. CMAM 27

Smith, R*; Jones, L D*; Zeqiri, B; Hodnett, M (1998) Ultrasonic C-scan standardisation for fibre-reinforced polymer composites - minimising the uncertainties in attenuation measurements. Insight, 40 (1). pp. 34-43.

Smith, R*; Zeqiri, B; Jones, L D*; Hodnett, M (1998) Nonlinear propagation in water and its effect on ultrasonic C-scanning. Insight, 40 (1). pp. 12-19.

Sperfeld, P*; Metzdorf, J*; Harrison, N J; Fox, N P; Khlevnoy, B B*; Khromchenko, V B*; Mekhontsev, S N*; Shapoval, V I*; Zelener, M F*; Sapritsky, V I* (1998) Investigation of high-temperature black body BB3200. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 419-422.

Stensfeld, S*; Haines, M M*; Burr, M*; Berry, B F; Lercher, P* (1998) A review of environmental noise and mental health. In: Proc. Noise Effects 98, November 1998, Sydney, Australia.

Stevens, M (1998) Improved flow rate monitoring of the NPL high dew-point generator. NPL Report. CMAM 13

Stevens, M (1998) Study of alternative fluids for use in the humidity generator at NPL. NPL Report. CMAM 14

Stevens, M (1998) Uncertainty evaluation of the relative humidity facility at NPL. NPL Report. CMAM 15

T

Tagziria, H; Thomas, D J (1998) Re-calibration and Monte Carlo modelling of the NPL counters. NPL Report. CIRM 19

Tagziria, H; Thomas, D J (1998) A high resolution neutron spectrometry system for the 50 to 1500 keV energy region. NPL Report. CIRM 21

Taylor, G C; Thomas, D J (1998) Neutron scatter characteristics of the low-scatter facility of the Chadwick Building, NPL. NPL Report. CIRM 17

Taylor, P; Roberts, M; Barwood, G P; Gill, P (1998) Combined optical infrared single ion frequency standard. Opt. Lett., 23 (4). pp. 298-300.

Taylor, P; Roberts, M; Barwood, G P; Gill, P (1998) Combined optical-infrared single ion frequency standard. In: Proc. 1998 CPEM Digest, July 1998, Washington, DC, USA.

Taylor, P; Roberts, M; Barwood, G P; Gill, P (1998) Combined optical-infrared single ion-frequency standard. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 2003, Washington DC, USA.

Theocharous, E; Fox, N P; Sapritsky, V I*; Mekhontsev, S N*; Morozova, S P* (1998) Absolute measurements of blackbody emitted radiance. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 549-554.

Theocharous, E; Prior, T R; Haycocks, P R; Fox, N P (1998) High accuracy infrared spectral responsivity scale. Metrologia, 35 (4). pp. 543-548.

Thomas, D J; Taylor, G C (1998) Characteristics of multi-energy irradiation fields for determining the near-threshold response of fast-neutron personal dosemeters. NPL Report. CIRM 10

Tomlins, P E; Read, B E (1998) Creep and physical ageing of polypropylene: a comparison of models. Polymer, 35 (2). pp. 355-367.

Tomlins, P E; Scoggins, C A (1998) Problems associated with the use of recycled plastics within the UK. NPL Report. CMMT(A)126

Tomlins, P E; Urquhart, J M; Lord, G; Butler, B P (1998) A strategy for investigating the influence of processing conditions on the dimensional stability of injection moulded artefacts. NPL Report. CMMT(A)111

Turnbull, A (1998) Current issues in hydrogen embrittlement. In: ECF 12. 12th Biennial Conference: Fracture from Defects, September 1998, Sheffield, UK.

Turnbull, A; Maxwell, A S; Pillai, S; White, J R* (1998) Residual stress in polymeric mouldings. Measurement Good Practice Guide. 10

V

Vance, A*; Bell, W; Paton Walsh, C; Jolliffe, B W (1998) Determination of the line shape of a fourier transform infra-red spectrometer using an infra-red helium-neon laser and a low pressure gas cell. NPL Report. COEM 8

W

Wallard, A J (1998) There or thereabouts. Proc. Royal Institution, 69 (May). pp. 107-122.

Wichmann, B (1998) Objective test criteria, some proposals for bespoke software. NPL Report. CISE 16/98

Wickham, M*; Hunt, C (1998) Survey of rework practices in the UK electronics assembly industry. NPL Report. CMMT(A)91

Williams, A J; McEwen, M R; Burns, D T (1998) A new beam current monitor for the NPL linear accelerator facilty. NPL Report. CIRM 12

Williams, A J; McEwen, M R; DuSautoy, A R (1998) Radiation testing for space applications at the National Physical Laboratory. In: 1998 IEEE Radiation Effects Data Workshop. NSREC 98., 24 July 1998, Newport Beach, CA, USA.

Williams, A J; McEwen, M R; DuSautoy, A R (1998) A calculation of the water to graphite perturbation factor ratios for the NCAP type 02 ionisation chamber using Monte Carlo techniques. NPL Report. CIRM 13

Williams, A J; Rosser, K E (1998) A status report on the NPL water calorimeter. NPL Report. CIRM 22

Williams, D C (1998) The establishment of absolute diffuse reflectance scales using the NPL Reference Reflectometer. Anal. Chim. Acta, 380 (2-3). pp. 165-172.

Williams, J M; Kleinschmidt, P (1998) A cryogenic current comparator bridge for resistance measurements at currents of up to 100 A. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

Williams, R G; Hall, D A (1998) Laboratory intercomparison of Hot Box measurements of a glazed window system using the measurement procedures given in ISO/DIS 12567 and prEN 12412-1 standards. NPL Report. CBTM 5

Woods, M J (1998) Traceability, equivalence and quality assurance. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 49. pp. 1445-1447.

Woods, M J; Keightley, J D; Ciocanel, M (1998) Intercomparison of 67Ga and 123I assays in UK hospitals, 1996. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 49 (9-11). pp. 1449-1452.

Woods, M J; Keightley, J D; Ciocanel, M (1998) Intercomparisons of 67Ga and 123I assays in UK hospitals, 1996. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 49 (9-11). pp. 1449-1452.

Woods, M J; Keightley, J D; Ciocanel, M (1998) NPL secondary standard radionuclide calibrator: new calibration figures for 106Ru, 153Sm and 188Re. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 49. pp. 1191-1193.

Woolley, A M; Sweeney, B P; Butterfield, D M (1998) London air quality network: ratification report for: January to June 1998. NPL Report. COEM 22

Woolley, A M; Sweeney, B P; Butterfield, D M (1998) UK automatic rural network: ratification report for: January to June 1998. NPL Report. COEM 21

Wright, P S (1998) Short time Fourier transforms and other transforms applied to the calibration of power analysers. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

Wright, P S; Pickering, J R* (1998) An AC voltage standard based on a 1-Bit DAC. In: CPEM '98 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-10 July 1998, Washington DC, USA.

Z

Zeqiri, B (1998) Physiotherapy ultrasound: setting the standard. Merck Scientific Review, 16. p. 5.

Zeqiri, B; Hodnett, M (1998) A new method for measuring the effective radiating area of physiotherapy treatment heads. Ultrasound Med. Biol., 24 (5). pp. 761-770.

Zeqiri, B; Hodnett, M (1998) A systematic investigation of the effect of collimators on the characteristics of ultrasonic NDT transducers. Insight, 40 (1). pp. 28-33.

Zeqiri, B; Hodnett, M (1998) A systematic investigation of the effect of collimators on the characteristics of ultrasonic NDT transducers. Insight, 40 (4). pp. 28-33.

Zeqiri, B; Hodnett, M (1998) A systematic investigation of the effect of collimators on the characteristics of ultrsonic NDT transducers. Insight, 40 (1). pp. 28-34.

Zeqiri, B; Hodnett, M; Smith, R*; Scudder, L* (1998) An assessment of pulse-echo and hydrophone methods for characterising ultrasonics NDT transducers. Insight, 40 (1). pp. 20-27.

Zou, L; Dusek, M; Hunt, C (1998) Evaluate the effect of ageing on the cleanabilty of solder flux residues. NPL Report. CMMT(A)107

Zou, L; Hunt, C (1998) Surface insulation resistance (SIR) response to various processing parameters. NPL Report. CMMT(A)120

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