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Number of items: 251.

A

Abbas, F*; Davis, L E*; Gallop, J C (1995) HTS ferroelectric thin-films. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 1211-1214.

Abbas, F*; Davis, L E*; Gallop, J C (1995) SQUIDS inductivity coupled to superconducting transmission line for microwave phase shifters. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 1151-1154.

Abbas, F*; Davis, L E*; Gallop, J C (1995) Superconductor-dielectric microwave resonators with ultra-high Q values. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 1147-1150.

Abbas, F*; Davis, L E*; Gallop, J C (1995) Tunable microwave components based on dielectric nonlinearity by using HTS/Ferroelectric thin films. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 5 (4). pp. 3511-3517.

Aldridge, D C (1995) The calibration of microphones for the measurement of impulsive noise. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 17 (4). 247 -252

Alexander, M J (1995) Antenna related uncertainties in screened room emissions measurements. IEE Colloq. Dig., 1995/0. 3/1-4.

Alexander, M J (1995) European intercomparison of antenna factors in the frequency range 30MHz to 1GHz. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Alexander, M J; Salter, M J (1995) The NPL calculable standard dipole antenna and 60m ground plane. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Amos, B*; Gill, P (1995) Optical tweezers. Meas. Sci. Technol., 6. p. 248.

B

Bardell, A G; Thomas, D J (1995) Calibration and type testing of neutron radiation protection instrumentation. In: Proc. International Conference on Radiation Dose Management in the Nuclear Industry, 9-11 November 1995, Windermere, Cumbria.

Bardell, A G; Thomas, D J (1995) Neutron spectrometry for protection dosimetry at very low levels. In: Proc. International Conference on Radiation Dose Management in the Nuclear Industry, 9 - 11 November 1995, Windermere, Cumbria.

Barham, R G (1995) Free-field/pressure sensitivity differences for laboratory standard microphones. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 17. 253 - 259

Barker, R M; Brady, F A (1995) Experiences in the use of formal methods in the standardisation of a complex OSI protocol. NPL Report. CISE 1/95

Bartholomew, J G; Jones, R G; Kibble, B P (1995) A current comparator bridge for the measurement of AC resistance upto 100KHz. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Barwood, G P; Edwards, C S; Gill, P; Huang, G; Klein, H A; Rowley, W R C (1995) Precision interferometric frequency measurement of the 674nm 2S1/2 - 2D5/2 transition in a single cold Sr+ ion. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 44 (2). pp. 117-119.

Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Huang, G; Klein, H A (1995) Studies of trapped strontium ions in low magnetic fields. Appl. Phys. B, Laser Opt., 61 (4). p. 385.

Bell, S A (1995) A survey to assess the industrial requirement for a code of practice for humidity measurement. NPL Report. MOM 124

Bell, S A; Scott, M* (1995) A code of practice for humidity measurement. Meas. Control, 28 (May). 106 - 108

Bell, W; Woods, P T; Martin, N A; Gardiner, T D; Swann, N R; Paton-Walsh, C (1995) The development and utilisation of advanced remote monitoring techniques for atmospheric measurements. NPL Report. QU 106

Bell, W; Woods, P T; Martin, N A; Gardiner, T D; Swann, N R; Paton-Walsh, C (1995) The development and utilisation of advanced remote monitoring techniques for atmospheric measurements. NPL Report. QU 110

Berry, B F (1995) The 1996 edition of BS4142: an overview. In: Proc. Institute of Acoustics, Autumn Conference, October 1995.

Berry, B F (1995) Towards a standardisation descriptor of the impulsive noise caused by low-altitude military aircraft. In: Proc. Internoise 95, July 1995, Newport Beach, USA.

Bevan, N (1995) Human-computer interaction standards. Advances in Human Factors Ergonomics, 20B. pp. 885-890.

Bevan, N (1995) Usability is quality of use. Advances in Human Factors Ergonomics, 20B. pp. 349-354.

Biagini,R*,, ; Dersch, R*; de Felice, P*; Jerome, S M; Perkin, E M E; Pona, C*; de Sanoit, J*; Woods, M J (1995) Homogeneity testing of spiked reference materials. Science of the Total Environment, 173-17. pp. 267-274.

Birch, J R; Clarke, F J J (1995) Fifty categories of ordinate error in Fourier transform spectroscopy. Spectrosc. Eur., 7 (4). p. 18.

Birch, J R; Nicol, E A; Bartlett, D V*; Hughes, T P* (1995) The near millimetre wavelength optical constants of some potential window materials at elevated temperatures. Infrared Phys. Technol., 36 (4). pp. 799-808.

Blaney, T G (1995) Electromagnetic standards at the national level: technological and market trends. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-9 November 1995, Malvern.

Broughton, W R; Nimmo, W; Sims, G D (1995) Flexural failure of composite beam structures. In: Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. Deformation and fracture of composites, March 1995, University of Surrey.

Bryant, C H*; Wicks, M C; Liu, Y*; Birch, J R; Davies, P B* (1995) Frequency determination of far infrared optically pumped laser lines of vinyl fluoride using a niobium nitride Josephson mixer. J. Phys. D, Appl. Phys., 28 (1). 19 - 24

Burns, D T; Duane, S; McEwen, M R (1995) A new method to determine ratios of electron stopping powers to an improved accuracy. Phys. Med. Biol., 40 (May). pp. 733-739.

C

Chambers, J P (1995) Improved techniques for monitoring the phase of 1.F. standard- frequency transmissions. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Cheung, W K; Francis, P E; Turnbull, A (1995) Test method for measurement of pit propagation rates. Materials Science Forum, 192-19 (1). pp. 185-196.

Clark, J H*; Donaldson, G B*; Gallop, J C; Bowman, R M* (1995) Temperature dependence of surface of pulsed-laser deposited YBCO. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 5 (2). pp. 2555-2558.

Clark, J H*; Gallop, J C (1995) Noise thermometry with HTS SQUIDS. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 1529-1532.

Clarke, R N; Gregory, A P; Hodgetts, T E; Simm, G T*; Brown, N* (1995) Microwave measurements upon anisotropic dielectrics - theory and practise. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-9 November 1995, Malvern.

Cook, R J (1995) Monitoring of electromagnetic field strength and the Physical Agents Directive. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Cook, R J; Alexander, M J; Gentle, D G; Holland, K P; McNair, P A C (1995) Traceability to national and international standards for EMC conformance testing. In: NCSL National Conference of Standards Laboratories - Workshop and Symposium, July 1995, Dallas, USA.

Cook, R J; Gentle, D G; McNair, P A C (1995) Precise antenna metrology at NPL from 1GHz to 100GHz. In: Proc. Microwave and RF `95, 10 - 12 October 1995, Wembley, London.

Cook, R J; Gibbs, D R; Liang, W; Nye, J F* (1995) Measurement of the field inside a microwave horn. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Cumpson, P J (1995) Angle-resolved XPS and AES: depth resolution limits and a general comparison of properties of depth profile reconstruction methods. J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 73 (1). 25 - 52

D

Data Security Group, (1995) The final progress report on the programme: A new approach to testing of IT security. NPL Report. DITC 233/95

Davis, J A (1995) Theoretical treatment of closing errors occuring in two-way satellite time transfers. In: Proc. 9th European Frequency and Time Forum, March 1995, Besancon, France.

Davis, J A; Pearce, P R (1995) Time dissemination in the United Kingdom using signals from geostationary television satellites. In: BEMC '95 - 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, November 1995, Malvern, UK.

Davis, J A; Pearce, P R; Bartle, K A (1995) Sources of error in two-way satellite time and frequency transfers. In: BEMC 95 - 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, November 1995, Malvern, UK.

Davis, J A; Pearce, P R; Bartle, K A; Hetzel, P*; Kirchner, D*; Ressler, H*; Powell, W*; McKinley, A*; De Young, J A*; Klepczynski, W*; de Jong, G*; Soering, A*; Baumont, F*; Claudon, P*; Grudler, P*; Hackman, C*; Veenstra, L* (1995) Closing errors observed during two-way time transfer experiments. In: Proc. 9th European Frequency and Time Forum, March 1995, Besancon, France.

Davis, J A; Pearce, P R; Kirchner, D*; Ressler, H*; Hetzel, P*; Soering, A*; de Jong, G*; Grudler, P*; Baumont, F*; Veenstra, L* (1995) European two-way satellite time transfer experiments using the Intelsat (VA-F13) satellite at 307øE. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 44 (2). 90 - 93

Dean, G (1995) International standards for comparable data for plastics. NPL Report. DMM(A)166

Dean, G D; Tomlins, P E; Read, B E (1995) A model for nonlinear creep and physical ageing in poly vinyl chloride. Polym. Eng. Sci., 35 (16). pp. 1282-1289.

Dean, G D; Tomlins, P E; Read, B E (1995) A model for nonlinear creep and physical aging in poly(vinyl chloride). Polm. Eng. Sci., 35 (16). pp. 1282-1289.

Dinsdale, A T; Gisby, J A; Barry, T I; Davies, A L (1995) Predictive thermochemistry and phase equilibria for slags and other oxide systems. In: International Minerals and Metals Technology. UNSPECIFIED, pp. 150-155.

Downs, M J; Birch, K P; Cox, M G; Nunn, J W (1995) Verification of a polarization-insensitive optical interferometer system with subnanometric capability. Precision Engineering, 17 (2). 84 - 88

Dowson, S P (1995) Current issues in the standardisation of sound level meters and sound calibrators. In: Proc. Internoise 95, July 1995, Newport Beach, USA.

Dowson, S P; Hanes, P (1995) Performance testing of sound calibrators. In: Proc. 15th International Congress on Acoustics, June 1995, Trondheim, Norway.

Drake, A E (1995) Notes on magnetic measurements. NPL Report. CETM 1

Drake, A E; Harmon, S A C (1995) Precision current transformer calibrations up to 10,000 amps and beyond. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Drake, A E; Rollett, D A; Ager, C I (1995) The design, construction and calibration of a system for the measurement of magnetic fields at frequencies in the range 20Hz to 20 kHz. NPL Report. DES 135

Dyson, B F; Loveday, M S; Gee, M G (1995) Materials metrology and standards for structural performance.

Dyson, B F; Osgerby, S (1995) Mathematical modelling of creep environment interactions. Sadhana, 20 (1). p. 185.

E

Edwards, C S; Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Rowley, W R C (1995) Absolute frequency stabilisation of a 637nm laser diode using Doppler-free I2 spectra. Electron. Lett., 31 (10). pp. 796-797.

Evans, H E*; Nicholls, J R*; Saunders, S R J (1995) The influence of diffusion-related mechanisms in limiting oxide-scale failure. Solid State Phenomena, 41. pp. 137-156.

F

Flowers, J L; Josephs-Franks, P W; Petley, B W (1995) Correcting high precision pulsed NMR flux density measurements for asymmetries in the lineshape. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 44 (2). pp. 488-490.

Flowers, J L; Josephs-Franks, P W; Petley, B W (1995) Optically pumped 3He NMR and the Bohr Magneton. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 44 (2). pp. 572-574.

Forbes, A B; Harris, P M (1995) A comparison of methods used for the calculation of effective area in the calibration of pressure balances. NPL Report. CISE 2/95

Fox, N P (1995) Improved radiometric calibration techniques for multi-spectral remote sensing satellite instrumentation. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2585. pp. 257-266.

Fox, N P; Prior, T R; Theocharous, E (1995) Radiometric calibration of infrared detectors and thermal imaging systems. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2474. pp. 229-237.

Freeman, G H C (1995) Reference instruments for spectrophotometry at NPL. In: Spectrophotometry, luminescence and colour; science and compliance.(Burgess, C, and Jones, D G, eds). Amsterdam, Elsevier, pp. 71-96.

G

Gallop, J C; Petley, B W (1995) Josephson noise thermometry with HTS devices. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 44 (2). 234 - 237

Gallop, J C; Radcliffe, W J; Langham, C D (1995) A novel microwave response calibrator based on a high Q superconducting resonator. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 1203-1206.

Galloway, P C M (1995) A review of current research on optical techniques for acoustic measurements in lithotripsy. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 98 (5, Par). Abstract raPA2

Galloway, P C M; Preston, R C; Bacon, D R (1995) Velocity interferometer for measurement of high-amplitude acoustic pulses. In: Proc. 1995 World Congress of Ultrasonics, September 1995, Berlin.

Gee, M G; Jennett, N M (1995) High resolution characterisation of tribochemical films on alumina. Wear, 193 (2). pp. 133-145.

Gentle, D G (1995) The removal of the effects of multiple reflections in antenna extrapolation data by digital filtering. NPL Report. DES 139

Ghosh, I S*; Cohen, L F*; Fry, V*; Tate, T*; Caplin, A D*; Gallop, J C; Sievers, S*; Somekh, R*; Henson, S*; Lenkens, M* (1995) Microwave losses of YBCO thin films in high magnetic fields. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 5 (2). pp. 1756-1759.

Ghosh, I S*; Cohen, L F*; Thomas, J V*; MacManus-Driscoll, J L*; Somekh, R*; Hensen, R*; Muller, G*; Jedamzik, D*; Ren, Z F*; Wang, J H*; Gallop, J C; Caplin, A D* (1995) Correlations between RF- and DC- magnetic field induced microwave losses and the DC- screening current density J in HTS thin films. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 1083-1086.

Gibbs, P A J; Rides, M (1995) Modelling the rheology of an unsaturated polyester moulding material during cure. NPL Report. DMM(A)164

Gifford, A D; Humphreys, D A; Hale, P D* (1995) A comparison of photodiode frequency response measurements to 40 GHz between NPL and NIST. Electron. Lett., 31 (5). 397 -398

Gill, P; Klein, H A; Levick, A P; Rowley, W R C; Taylor, P (1995) Measurement of the 2S1/2 - 2D5/2 411 nm interval in laser-cooled 172Yb+ ions. Phys. Rev. A, At. Mol. Opt. Phys., 52. R909-912

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (1995) Fluence, Flux, Current and Current Density Measurement in Faraday Cups for Surface Analysis. Surf. Interface Anal., 23 (4). pp. 248-258.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (1995) Static SIMS of insulators: damage and the development of measurement reliability. In: ECASIA 95 - European Conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis, 9-13 October 1995, Montreaux, Switzerland.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (1995) Static SIMS: surface charge stabilisation of insulators for highly repeatable spectra when using a quadrupole mass spectrometer. Surf. Interface Anal., 23. 191 - 203

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (1995) Surface analysis of insulators - a new charge neutralisation system. NPL News, 375. p. 9.

Goodman, T M (1995) Accurate measurements - how the CIE can help. Light. Equip. News (April). p. 2.

Griffiths, A J; Turnbull, A (1995) On the effective diffusivity of hydrogen in low alloy steels. Corros. Sci., 37 (11). p. 1879.

H

Hanes, P (1995) Sound calibrators: calibration, verification and pattern evaluations. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 17 (5). pp. 53-56.

Hanson, A (1995) Measurement and standardisation in the colorimetry of CRT displays. In: Proc. "Getting the best from state-of-the-art display system", February 1995.

Hanson, A (1995) NPL Spectrophotometry and Colorimetry club. The colorimetry of visual displays. NPL Report. QM 117

Hanson, A R (1995) Pitfalls in measurement of the colour of displays. In: Colour Communications Conference, April 1995, Manchester, UK.

Harrison, N J; Goodman, T M; Fox, N P; Martin, J E; White, M* (1995) Establishment of a new absolute irradiance scale at NPL, using a radiometrically calibrated black body. In: Proc. 23rd Session of the CIE, 1 - 8 November 1995.

Harry, A (1995) Z and RAISE: A case study and comparison. NPL Report. DITC 230/95

Hartland, A; Kibble, B P; Boháek, J (1995) Measurements of the Quantized Hall Resistance at low frequencies. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-9 November 1995, Malvern.

Hartland, A; Kibble, B P; Rodgers, P J* (1995) AC measurements of the quantized Hall resistance. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 44. 245 - 248

Havard, D C; Lewis, S L (1995) Initial stages in disseminating the UK mass scale: from the National Prototype Kilogram to the stainless steel reference kilograms. NPL Report. MOM 98

Head, D I; Rusby, R L; Martin, J E (1995) Cryogenic triple point cells at NPL. NPL Report. QM 116

Hehir, S (1995) A security target for the X.435 protocol. NPL Report. CISE 3/95

Hehir, S* (1995) Test suite structure and test purposes for the security features of the X.435 protocol. NPL Report. CISE 6/95

Henderson, L C A; Jones, R G (1995) Strategic areas: use of Josephson junction array voltage standards in industrial laboratories. NPL Report. CETM 3

Henderson, L C A; Pickering, J R*; Thompson, R (1995) Eliminating a source of "stepping" noise in Josephson voltage standards. CAL LAB Magazine (Nov/De).

Henderson, L C A; Thompson, R P (1995) The NPL 10V Josephson junction array voltage standard. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-9 November 1995, Malvern, UK.

Hodgetts, T E (1995) The random uncertainty distribution of measurements of a complex quantity with partial-correlated real and imaginary parts (or any pair of partially-correlated variables). NPL Report. DES 142

Hossain, K; Sced, I R (1995) Metrology for engineering materials. In: Materials metrology and standards for structural performance (Dyson, B F, Loveday, M S, Gee, M G, eds.). London, Chapman & Hall.

Humphreys, D A; Howes, J (1995) High accuracy optoelectronic device measurement. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Hunt, J B (1995) Summary of NPL Radiation Science intercomparisons 1960-1995. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)001

Hunt, J B; Christmas, P (1995) Index of NPL radiation science publications 1985-1994. NPL Report. RSA(EXT)59

Hutley, M C (1995) The case for refracting rather than diffracting optics in spartially variant interconnections. Appl. Opt., 34 (14). pp. 2448-2451.

Hutley M C, (1995) Microlens arrays. In: Photonics '95, August 1995, Prague.

I

Ide, J P; Hilty, K*; de Vreede, J P M* (1995) Trilateral international Type-N ANA comparison exercise. Metrologia, 32 (1). pp. 35-41.

Ives, D J; Andersson, R*; Artiglia, M*; Bergamin, F*; Caviglia, F*; Corredera, P*; De Pauw, C*; Ducos, L*; Gauthier, F*; De Lignie, M*; Oksanen, L*; Perny, B*; Pollitt, S; Ravet, F*; Ricaldone, P*; Santaguistina, M*; Schiano, M*; Thorsen, P*; Vobian, J*; Valkeapaa, T*; Walker, B (1995) Evaluation of OTDR calibration technique and use for optical fibre uniformity measurements. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-9 November 1995, Malvern.

J

Jarvis, D (1995) Measurement standards for acoustics. Proc. Institute of Acoustics, 17 (5). p. 47.

Jarvis, D (1995) Primary Calibration Methods at the National Physical Laboratory, UK. In: American Institute of Physics Handbook of Condenser Microphones: Theory, Calibration and Measurements. AIP Press, New York, pp. 162-172.

Jennett, N M; Shafirstein, G; Saunders, S R J (1995) Comparison of inderter tip shape measurement using a calibrated AFM and indentation into fused silica. In: Hardness testing in theory and practise, VDI BERICHTE 1194. VDI-Verlag GmbH, Dusseldorf, pp. 201-210. ISBN 3-18-0911948

Jerome, S M (1995) The absolute standardisation of radioactivity. In: Proc. Conference on the 1995 Radiotoxicological Intercomparison exercises, 14-15 June 1995, Fonterrand Abbey, Chinon, France.

Jerome, S M; Allen, D R; Dean, J C J; Keightley, J D; Perkin, E M E; Woods, M J (1995) Environmental radioactivity intercomparison 1995. NPL Report. RSA(EXT)60

Jerome, S M; Smith, D; Woods, M J; Woods, S A (1995) Metrology of plutonium for environmental measurements. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 46. pp. 1145-1150.

K

Kandil, F A (1995) Code of practice for the measurement of bending in uniaxial low cycle fatigue testing. UNSPECIFIED, Teddington. ISBN 0946754160

Kandil, F A; Dyson, B F (1995) Uncertainties in uniaxial low cycle fatigue measurements due to load misalignments. In: Materials metrology and standards for structural performance (Dyson, B F, Loveday, M S, Gee, M G, eds.). London, Chapman & Hall, pp. 134-149.

Kilby, G J (1995) New high-performance VHF phase and amplitute transfer standard (PATS) developed.

Kilby, G J; Smith, T A J; Warner, F L* (1995) The accurate measurement of high attenuation at radio frequencies. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 44 (2). 308 - 311

Knight, D J E*; Pharaoh, K I; Zucco, M* (1995) Frequency mixing to the 4th order in metal insulator, metal diodes at 193THz, 1.55u. In: Proc. Fifth Symposium of Frequency Standard and Metrology 1995, 15 - 19 October 1995, Woodshole MA, USA.

Knight, D J E*; Zucco, M*; Pharaoh, K I; Humphreys, D A (1995) Frequency measurements on HI and the KR line at 1.548um. In: Proc. EFTF 96, 5 - 7 March 1995, Brighton.

L

Lambe, R P (1995) The role of measurement and the national standards laboratories in energy efficient lighting. In: Proc. 3rd European Conference on energy efficient lighting, 18 - 21 June 1995, Newcastle upon Tyne, England.

Lambe, R P; Goodman, T M (1995) The realisation and dissemination of UV source measurement scales in the UK; meeting the needs of the measurement community. In: Spectrophotometry, luminescence and colour; science and compliance.(Burgess, C, and Jones, D G, eds). Amsterdam, Elsevier, pp. 155-157.

Lampard, R (1995) Security target and test purposes for EDIFACT. NPL Report. CISE 5/95

Langham, C D; Gallop, J C (1995) Performance of dielectric loaded superconducting resonators as frequency standards. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 1199-1202.

Lea, C (1995) Ozone-depleting solvents: out of time, out of chances, out of business? Finishing, 19 (April). 22 - 24

Leach, R K (1995) A novel 3-axis CMM probe calibration facility. NPL Report. MOM 126

Leeson, M J; Sinclair, M W (1995) An adaptor characterisation technique used for noise measurement. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Lorang, G*; Langeron, J P*; Seah, M P (1995) 'In situ' preparation and characterisation (AES, XPS) of thin thermal oxide films as materials standards for an AES data bank. In: ECASIA 95 - European Conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis, 9-13 October 1995, Monreaux, Switzerland.

Loveday, M S (1995) Creep testing: reference materials and uncertainty of measurement. In: The Donald McLean symposium - Structural materials: Engineering applications through scientific insight, Ed. E Hondros, M McLean, Pub. Institute of Materials, 1995, London.

Lovering, A (1995) Formal methods, structured techniques, and security - A unified methodology. NPL Report. DITC 235/95

M

Makepeace, J L; Day, F E*; Gunter, E*; Unterweger, M P* (1995) Intercomparison of measurements of tritiated water by internal proportional counting. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., A369 (2-3). pp. 458-462.

Marsh, J W*; Thomas, D J; Burke, M (1995) High resolution measurements of neutron energy spectra from AmBe and AmB neutron sources. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., A366 (2-3). pp. 340-348.

McCartney, L N (1995) Interaction of transverse cracks of finite size in a cross-ply laminate. In: Proc. 10th International conference on Composite Materials, 14-18 August 1995, Whistler, B.C., Canada.

McCartney, L N (1995) Prediction of microcracking in composite materials. In: Cherepanov, G P, ed., Fracture: a topical encyclopaedia of current knowledge dedicated to Alan Arnold Griffith. Melbourne. USA: Krieger Publishing Co., pp. 905-916.

McCartney, L N; Hannaby, S A; Cooper, P M (1995) Effects of cracking in multi-ply cross-ply laminates. In: Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. Deformation and fracture of composites, March 1995, University of Surrey.

McCartney, L N; Saunderson, S E T* (1995) A recursive method of calculating stress transfer in multiple-ply laminates subject to biaxial loading, I: development of model. NPL Report. DMM(A)150

McClure, D R*; Hunt, J B (1995) IRMF intercomparison of calibrations of portable gamma-ray dose-rate monitors used for area monitoring. J. Radiol. Prot., 15 (3). pp. 245-252.

McEvoy, H C; Raven, K M; Pokhodoun, A I*; Matveyev, M S* (1995) Anglo-Russian agreement in metrology: Theme 26 the international temperature scale of 1990 above 962°C. NPL-VNIIM intercomparison of tungsten ribbon lamps. NPL Report. QU 107

McNair, P A C (1995) Improved microwave antenna measurements using a planar near-field scanner. Microw. Eng. Eur., 33 (36). p. 39.

McNair, P A C; Gentle, D G; Rycroft, R J (1995) A gain intercomparison between the NPL near-field scanner and extrapolation range. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-9 November 1995, Malvern.

Melandri, C*; Gee, M G; de Portu, G*; Guicciardi, S* (1995) High temperature friction and wear testing of silicon nitride ceramics. Tribol. Int., 28 (6). pp. 403-413.

Melandri, C*; Gee, M G; de Portu, G*; Guicciardi, S* (1995) High temperature wear behaviour of silicon nitride ceramics. In: Vincenzini, P ed. Advances in science and technology. 3B. UNSPECIFIED, pp. 1047-1054.

Mercer, A D; Lumbard, E A (1995) The corrosion of mild steel in water. Br. Corros. J., 30 (1). pp. 43-55.

Mills, K C; Quested, P N (1995) NPL programme of physical property measurements for the mathematical modelling of high temperature processes. In: Proc. 1st International workshop on Thermophysical property data for the development of mathematical models of solidification, October 1995, Gifu, Japan.

Milton, M J T (1995) Tunable lasers for DIAL applications. Rev. Laser Eng., 23 (2). pp. 93-96.

Milton, M J T; Partridge, R H; Goody, B A (1995) Minimum emission rates detectable from landfill sites using optical integrated-path techniques. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2883. pp. 393-404.

Milton, M J T; Woods, P T; Partridge, R H; Goody, B A (1995) Calibration of DIAL and open path systems using external gas cells. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2506. pp. 680-688.

Milton, N E (1995) Verification of sound level meters to BS7580 parts 1 and 2. In: Proc. Institute of Acoustics, Autumn Conference, October 1995.

Morrell, R (1995) Mechanical test methods for ceramic matrix composites. Br. Ceram. Trans. J., 94 (1). 1 - 9.

Morrell, R (1995) Thermal properties of composite materials-measurements, models and thermal exposure derived changes in MMCs and CMCs. NPL Report. CMMT(A)6

Mukherjee, P*; Wichmann, B (1995) Formal specification of the STV Algorithm. In: Applications of Formal Methods. UNSPECIFIED. ISBN 0-013-3669494-1

N

Naismith, O F; Siebert, B R L* (1995) A database of neutron spectra, instrument response functions, and dosimetric conversion factors for radiation protection applications. In: Proc. 8th Symposium on Neutron Dosimetry, November 1995, Paris.

Nimmo, W; Sims, G D (1995) Round-robin validation exercise for plate twist test method. NPL Report. DMM(A)156

Nye, J F*; Hannay, J H*; Liang, W (1995) Diffraction by a black half-plane: theory and observation. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A, 449. pp. 515-535.

Nye, J F*; Liang, W; Hygate, G* (1995) Mapping a diffraction field close to an obstacle. IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., 37 (2). pp. 288-292.

O

Osgerby, S; Dyson, B F* (1995) Physically-based modelling of stress-relaxation in superalloys and ferritic steels. Institute of Materials, 607. pp. 362-373.

P

Parkin, G I (1995) Complex systems improved and proved. Electrotechnology (June/J). 10 - 11

Partridge, R H; Curtis, I H; Goody, B A; Woods, P T (1995) An envaluation of the performance of an open-path atmospheric air-quality monitor manufactured by OPSIS, Sweden. NPL Report. QU 109

Payne, R C (1995) The effect of variations in atmospheric pressure on air attenuation rates. In: Proc. Internoise 95, July 1995, Newport Beach, USA.

Payne, R C (1995) The effect of variations in atmospheric pressure on air attenuation rates. In: Proc. Internoise '95, July 1995, Newport Beach, USA.

Pearce, N (1995) Lighting and conservation - the eternal dilemma. NPL's contribution to evaluating the problem. Museums Journal (Novemb). p. 1.

Pickering, J R*; Wright, P S (1995) Accurate traceable power calibration at high frequency. CalLab Magazine, 2 (1).

Pickering, J R*; Wright, P S (1995) A new wattmeter for traceable power measurements at audio frequencies. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 44 (2). pp. 429-432.

Pollitt, S (1995) Development of optoelectronic measurement standards at the National Physical Laboratory. In: NCSL '95 - National Conference of Standards Laboratories Workshop and Symposium, July 1995, Dallas, USA.

Pollitt, S (1995) Standards to support lightwave communications. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 44 (2). pp. 454-457.

Porch, A*; Avenhaus, B*; Gallop, J C; Radcliffe, W J; Watson, I M*; Atwood, M P*; Cardwell, D* (1995) Surface impedance of YBa2Cu3O7-\delta thin films on LaA1O3 and NdGaO3 substrates deposited by MOCVD. Appl. Supercond.. pp. 1043-1046.

Porter, N D (1995) Study of the application of British Standard BS 4142:1990 "Method for rating industrial noise affecting mixed residential and industrial areas" (The data sheet study). NPL Report. RSA(EXT)0057A

Porter, N D (1995) Working within the SAVANTE network of the EC Human Capital and Mobility Programme. Acoust. Bull., 20 (1). 21 - 23

Porter, N D (1995) Working within the SAVANTE network of the EC Human Capital and Mobility Programme. In: Proceedings of Euronoise '95, March 1995, Lyon.

Porter, N D (1995) The assessment of industrial noise - a review of various national practices. NPL Report. RSA(EXT)0057B

Porter, N D (1995) The assessment of industrial noise - a review of various national practises. Institute of Acoustics Bull., 20 (2). pp. 31-37.

Porter, N D (1995) The assessment of industrial noise - subjective listening tests and objective assessment procedures. NPL Report. RSA(EXT)0057C

Preston, R C; Shaw, A (1995) That sounds better! Acoustic output - the key to ultrasound instrument accuracy. Qual. Today (Februa). 18 - 21

R

Redgrove, J; Battuello, M* (1995) An intercomparison of normal spectral emissivity measurements between NPL (UK), and IMGC (Italy). High Temp.-High Press., 27-8. pp. 135-146.

Redgrove, J; Warsop, G* (1995) Measurement of the spectral emittance of tantalum with the NPL high temperature emissometer. High Temp.-High Press., 27-8. pp. 245-251.

Ridler, N M (1995) Analysing data - by means and no means. In: 23rd Automated RF and Microwave Measurements Society (ARMMS) Conference, September 1995, Windermere, Cumbria, UK.

Ridler, N M (1995) Assessing the quality of an estimated value. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M (1995) Discarding the mean - an alternative way of analysing data. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Ridler, N M (1995) Making a good estimate of a measurand. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M (1995) Project group on measurement uncertainty in testing. EUROLAB Newsletter (27). pp. 7-8.

Ridler, N M (1995) Uncertainties tutorial. In: 7th IEE Vacation School on Microwave Measurements, 21-26 May 1995, Malvern, UK.

Ridler, N M (1995) The collected ANAlyse notes, Volume 1 - numbers 1 to 10. NPL Report. DES 140

Ridler, N M; Jones, G D (1995) Comparison assesses the quality of network measurements. Microw. RF, 34 (1). 101 - 102

Ridler, N M; Medley, J C (1995) Recent improvements to the traceability of APC-7 impedance measurements at lower RF in the UK. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Ridler, N M; Medley, J C (1995) A comparison of complex scattering coefficient measurements in 50ohm coaxial line to 26.5GHz. NPL Report. DES 138

Robinson, R A; Woods, P T; Gardiner, T; Swann, N R W; Partridge, R H; Andrews, A; Goody, B* (1995) Measurements of the emissions of volatile organic compounds produced by a retail petrol-filling station. NPL Report. QM 112

Robinson, R A; Woods, P T; Milton, M J T (1995) DIAL measurements for air pollution and fugitive loss monitoring. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2506. pp. 140-149.

Robinson, S P (1995) An intercomparison to validate calibration methods for hydrophones in the frequency range 10-315 kHz. In: Proc. MASTDAYS and EUROMAR Market, November 1995, Sorrento, Italy.

Robinson, S P; Doré, G R; Zhang, J*; Humphrey, V F*; Derell, O*; Larsen, M* (1995) A collaborative project to develope new reference hydrophones for the frequency range 100-500kHz. MAS2-CT92-0012. In: Proc. 2nd MASTDAYS and EUROMAR Market, November 1995, Sorrento, Italy.

Roddie, A G; Smith, A J A; Gifford, A D; Henderson, D (1995) Application of femosecond pulses to electrical metrology. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6-9 November 1995, Malvern.

Roebuck, B (1995) Terminology, testing, properties, imaging and models for fine grained hardmetals. Int. J. Refrac.Hard Met., 13 (5). 265 - 280

Roebuck, B (1995) A model for the limiting strength of hardmetals. J. Hard Mater., 6. pp. 1-15.

Roebuck, B; Lord, J D; McCartney, L N (1995) Validation of a draft tensile testing standard for discontinuously reinforced MMC. Technical Report.

Roebuck, B; Lord, J D; McCartney, L N (1995) Validation of a draft tensile testing standard for discontinuously reinforced MMC. VAMAS and UK MMC FORUM intercomparisons. NPL Report. DMM(A)161

Roebuck, B; Stewart, M; Varma, R K; Orkney, L P (1995) Partially recrystallised Nimonic microstructures - a UK interlaboratory comparison. NPL Report. CMMT(A)5

Rollett, D A (1995) Mains voltage measurements at NPL in buildings 1 and 5. NPL Report. CETM 2

Rollett, D A; Drake, A E (1995) Traceable magnetic field strength measurements in the frequency range DC to 120kHz. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Rollett, D A; Drake, A E; Ager, C I (1995) Investigation into the use of half and quarter-scale NPL permeameters. NPL Report. DES 136

S

Salmon, D R (1995) The NPL high temperature guarded hot plate. In: Proc. 23rd International Thermal Conductivity Conference, 1995, Nashville, USA.

Saunders, S R J; Nicholls, J R* (1995) Hot-salt corrosion testing - in international intercomparison. Materials at high temperatures, 13 (3). pp. 115-120.

Seah, M P (1995) Effective dead time in pulse counting systems. Surf. Interface Anal., 23 (10). pp. 729-32.

Seah, M P (1995) Reference materials for surface analysis. VAM Bulletin, 12. pp. 27-29.

Seah, M P (1995) Surface chemical analysis and the VAM principles. Analytical Proceedings, 32 (12). pp. 523-524.

Seah, M P (1995) Surface chemical analysis in an international context. VAM Bulletin, 13. pp. 16-17.

Seah, M P (1995) Work functions and electron spectroscopy. J. Surf. Anal, 1 (3). pp. 409-410.

Seah, M P (1995) A calibration system for Auger electron spectroscopy. VAM Bulletin, 13. pp. 28-29.

Seah, M P (1995) A system for the intensity calibration of electron spectrometers. J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 71. 191 - 204

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Cumpson, P J; Langeron, J P*; Lorang, G* (1995) An absolute, high resolution digital auger electron reference database. In: ECASIA 95 European Conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis, 9 - 13 October 1995, Montreaux, Switzerland.

Shafirstein, G; Saunders, S R J; Banks, J P (1995) Adhesion testing of TiN coatings. In: Sudarshon, T S and Jeandin, M eds. Surface modification technologies VIII. Institute of Materials, 1995.

Sharpe, P H G; Burns, D T (1995) The relative response of Fricke, Dichromate and Alanine dosemeters to Co-60 and high energy electron beam radiation. Radiat. Phys. Chem., 46 (4-6). pp. 1273-1278.

Shaw, A; Preston, R C (1995) The NPL Ultrasound Beam Calibrator - cost effective measurements to IEC 1157. In: Proc. 1995 World Congress on Ultrasonics, September 1995, Berlin, Germany.

Sherwood, T R; McNeill, H A; Torr, G R (1995) Differences in the performance of metal-and plastic-cased TDH-39 and TDH-49 audiometric earphones, and consequences for their calibration. NPL Report. RSA(EXT)0058

Sims, G D (1995) European standardisation for composites: test methods, materials, vessels, tanks and pipework. In: FRC II -Tanks and vessels. I Mech Eng..

Smith, D; Woods, S A (1995) Recommended nuclear decay data. NPL Report. RSA(EXT)53

Smith, F C*; Ridler, N M (1995) An assessment of the reproducibility of free wave reflection data using guided wave data as a benchmark. In: 22nd Automated RF and Microwave Measurements Society (ARMMS) Conference, March 1995, Windermere, Cumbria.

Stedman, M; Franks, A (1995) The UK national surface texture measuring facility. In: 125th International Seminar on Quantitative Microscopy, October 1995, Brunswick, Germany.

Stuart, P R (1995) EUROMET Project 220: recommended procedure for the calculation and expression of pressure balance measurement uncertainties. NPL Report. MOM 122

Stuart, P R (1995) Recommended contents for pressure balance calibration certificates (part of EUROMET Project 220). NPL Report. MOM 123

Szczygiel, B (1995) Issues in secure Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). NPL Report. CISE 4/95

Szczygiel, B (1995) The results of the new approach consultation exercise. NPL Report. DITC 234/95

Szczygiel, B; Lampard, R (1995) A strict conformance test suite for ISO/IEC 9798-4. NPL Report. DITC 231/95

Szczygiel, B; Lampard, R; Barker, R M (1995) The application of quality assurance procedures to security evaluation. NPL Report. DITC 236/95

Szwarnowski, S (1995) A medium power system for measuring the effective efficiency of sensors. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern,.

T

Tanner, J G*; Witts, D*; Tanner, R J*; Bartlett, D T*; Burgess, P H*; Edwards, A A*; More, B R*; Taylor, G C; Thomas, D J (1995) An assessment of the feasibility of using Monte Carlo calculations to model a combined neutron/gamma electron personal dosemeter. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 61 (1-3). pp. 183-186.

Taylor, G C (1995) An analytical correction for the TEPC dose equivalent response problem. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 61 (1-3). pp. 67-70.

Taylor, G C; Jansen, J T M*; Zoetelief, J*; Schuhmacher, H* (1995) Neutron W-values in methane-based tissue equivalent gas up to 60 MeV. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 61. pp. 285-290.

Taylor, J A F; Verrill, J F (1995) Luminance discrimination asymmetrics. In: 23 session of the International Commission on Illumination, November 1995, New Delhi, India.

Thomas, D J; Naismith, O (1995) Developments in neutron spectrometry for radiation protection. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2339. 251 - 255

Tomlins, P E (1995) Comparison of different functions for modelling the creep and physical ageing affects in plastics. NPL Report. DMM(A)158

Turnbull, A (1995) Degradation of plastics: towards improved charaterisation. Mater. World (April). 182 - 183

Turnbull, A (1995) Factors affecting the reliability of hydrogen permeation measurement. Materials Science Forum, 192-19 (1). pp. 63-78.

Turnbull, A; Psaila-Dombrowski, M* (1995) Modelling of crevice chemistry in the secondary side of nuclear steam generators. In: Improving the Understanding and Control of Corrosion in the Secondary Side Steam Generators, October 1995, Airlie, VA, USA.

V

Verrill, J F (1995) Advances in spectrophotometric transfer standards at the National Physical Laboratory. In: Spectrophotometry, luminescence and colour; science and compliance.(Burgess, C, and Jones, D G, eds). Amsterdam, Elsevier, pp. 49-63.

Verrill, J F (1995) Towards colour by number. In: Colour Communications Conference, April 1995, Manchester, UK.

Verrill, J F; Clarke, P J; O'Halloran, J; Knee, P C (1995) NPL Spectrophotometry and Colorimetry club. Intercomparison of colour measurements. NPL Report. QU 113

Verrill, J F; Knee, P C; O'Halloran, J (1995) A study of the uniformity and thermochromism of surface colour standards. Commission Internationale de L'eclairage Cie X, 119. pp. 95-96.

Verrill, J F; Williams, D C (1995) The development of a new reference spectrofluorimeter at the National Physical Laboratory. In: Spectrophotometry, luminescence and colour; science and compliance.(Burgess, C, and Jones, D G, eds). Amsterdam, Elsevier, pp. 111-115.

Vigoureux, P (1995) Calculation of the magnetic field strength in Helmholtz systems with square and polygonal coils. NPL Report. DES 143

Virdee, M (1995) Non-contacing straightness measurement to nanometre accuracy. Int. J. Mach. Tools Manufact., 35 (2). 157 -164

W

Watkins, S A (1995) Measurements of the performance of an acoustical calibration duct. Appl. Acoust., 45 (4). p. 377.

Whibberley, P B; Henderson, D; Lea, S N; Zucco, M* (1995) The Caesium Fountain: progress towards the new primary frequency standard at NPL. In: BEMC 95 7th British Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest, 6 - 9 November 1995, Malvern.

Wichmann, B (1995) Why it is difficult producing safety critical software? Ingenuity, 10 (May). pp. 96-104.

Wichmann, B; Canning, A A*; Clutterbuck, D L*; Winsborrow, L A*; Ward, N J*; Marsh, D W R* (1995) An industrial perspective on static analysis. Softw. Eng. J., 10 (2). 69 - 75

Williams, D C (1995) Fluorescent standards for surface colour. NPL Report. QU 111

Williams, D C (1995) A new reference instrument for fluorescent surface colours. In: Colour Communication Conference, April 1995, Manchester, UK.

Williams, R G; Hall, D A (1995) Report on hot box measurements made of two 1.48m x 1.23m glazed, calibrated reference panels as specified in ISO/CD 12567 and CEN/TC 89 WI 26 part 2 03.1995. NPL Report. QM 115

Woods, M J; Jerome, S M; Dean, J C J; Perkin, E M E (1995) A review of data obtained in a series of radioactivity measurement intercomparison exercises in the UK: y-emitters 1989-94. The Science of the Total Environment, 173/17. pp. 247-257.

Woods, P T; Jolliffe, B W; Robinson, R A; Swann, N R; Gardiner, T; Andrews, A; Milton, M J T; Warmsley, H* (1995) Measurements at a chemical works to improve the UK emission inventory of volatile organic compounds for the petrochemical industry. NPL Report. QM 108

Woods, P T; Robinson, R A; Swann, N R; Jolliffe, B W; Gardiner, T D (1995) CEC environment programme: measurement and prediction of mean and fluctuating concentrations of flammable and toxic gas releases in the atmosphere: final report on project step - CT90/91-0099(SMA). NPL Report. QU 105

Woods, S A (1995) NPL contribution to UKNSF Annual Progress Report 1995. Technical Report.

Woolf, A; Read, B E (1995) Prediction of creep behaviour of plastic components. NPL Report. CMMT(A)4

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