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Number of items: 238.

A

Abbas, F* (1996) A ferroelectric superconducting thin films microwave phase shifter. In: Proc. Asia Pacific Microwave Conference, December 1996, New Delhi, India.

Abbas, F*; Davis, L E*; Gallop, J C (1996) A distributed ferroelectric superconducting transmission-line phase shifter. In: Digest: IEEE-MTT-S International Microwave symposium, June 1996, San Francisco, USA.

Abbas, F*; Davis, L E*; Gallop, J C; Langham, C D (1996) Microwave properties of high temperature superconductors. In: Proc. 1996 Asia Pacific Microwave Conference, 1996, New Delhi, India.

Alexander, M J (1996) Civilian Perspective. [EMC testing]. IEE Colloq. Dig., 1996/0. 3/1-2.

Alexander, M J (1996) Dealing with large EMC uncertainties. IEE Colloq. Dig., 1996/1. 2/1-4.

Alexander, M J (1996) European intercomparison of antenna factors in the frequency range 30MHz to 1GHz. IEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Technol.,, 143 (4). pp. 229-240.

Alexander, M J (1996) Experience of correlating measurements in the frequency range 30MHz to 1GHz. IEE Colloq. Dig., 1996/0. 7/1-6.

Alexander, M J (1996) Weighing uncertainty yields the best test methods. Approval Magazine (Sept/O).

Alexander, M J; Salter, M J (1996) Antenna factors dipole and monopole antennas. In: 1996 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM), 17 - 21 June 1996, Braunschweig, Germany.

Alexander, M J; Salter, M J (1996) Low measurement uncertainties in the frequency range 30MHz to 1GHz using a calculable standard dipole antenna and national reference ground plane. IEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Technol., 143 (4). pp. 221-228.

Allen, C R G; Brown, C S (1996) Measurement of the properties of a high density polyethylene fibre optic covering. NPL Report. CMMT(A)8

Allen, C R G; Rides, M (1996) Intercomparison of extrudate swell measurements using capillary extrusion rheometers for a polyethylene melt. NPL Report. CMMT(A)9

Amato, I*; Maretto, B*; Morrell, R (1996) Sintering and mechanical behaviour of silicon nitride-silicon carbide nanocomposites. In: European Conference on Advances in Hard Materials Production, May 1996, Stockholm, Sweden.

Angliss, R F; DuSautoy, A R (1996) Fourth Radiotherapy Standards Users Meeting - National Physical Laboratory 6th June 1996. Scope (IPEMB Journal), 5. pp. 49-51.

B

Barry, T I; Davies, R H; Dinsdale, A T (1996) MTDATA handbook: thermotab module. Technical Report.

Bartholomew-Biggs, M L*; Forbes, A B (1996) A robust search strategy in a Non-linear Least Squares Solver. Technical Report. University of Hertfordshire.

Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Klein, H A; Rowley, W R C (1996) Observation of fluorescence from cold trapped Sr ions in a near-zero magnetic field and 674nm probe laser development. In: Proc. Fifth symposium of Frequency Standards and Metrology, 1996, Singapore.

Beissner, K*; Oosterbaan, W A*; Hekkenberg, R T*; Shaw, A (1996) European intercomparison of ultrasonic power measurements. Acustica - Acta Acust., 82. pp. 450-458.

Bell, S A (1996) A guide to the Measurement of Humidity. Technical Report. NPL, Teddington.

Berry, B F (1996) Towards a standardised descriptor of the impulsive noise caused by low-altitude military aircraft. Acoust. Bull., 21 (4). pp. 31-38.

Bevan, N (1996) Integrating usability into the development lifecycle. In: International Conference on Advances in Applied Ergonomics, May 1996, Istanbul, Turkey.

Broughton, W R; Lodeiro, M; Sims, G D (1996) Experimental validation of shear test methods for through-thickness properties. In: ECCM-7 7th European Conference on Composite Materials, 14-16 May 1996, London, UK.

Brown, C S (1996) Proven software adapted for creep. Eureka (Septem). p. 49.

Burgess, P H*; Belton, I*; Christmas, P; Rawlings, D*; Walker, A* (1996) An IPSM sponsored intercomparison of dose rate monitoring instrument test results. J. Radiol. Prot., 15. pp. 235-244.

Burns, D T; Ding, G X*; Rogers, D W O* (1996) R50 as a beam quality specifier for selecting stopping power ratios and reference depths for electron dosimetry. Med. Phys., 23. pp. 383-388.

Burns, D T; Duane, S; McEwen, M R (1996) Letters to the Editor: comments on 'A new method to determine ratios of electron stopping powers to an improved accuracy'. Phys. Med. Biol., 41. pp. 785-788.

Burton, P*; Footner, P*; Prichard, D*; Richards, B*; Hunt, C (1996) Surface insulation resistance measurements: A review of the various SIR parameters. NPL Report. CMMT(A)48

Butler, B P; Cox, M G; Forbes, A B; Hannaby, S A; Harris, P M (1996) A methodology for testing classes of approximation and optimisation software. In: Proceedings of the IFIP TC2/WG2.5, 8-12 July 1996, Oxford.

Butterfield, D M; Swann, N R (1996) Field measurements at Coldstone Quarry, Pateley Bridge, Harrogate. NPL Report. QM 126

C

Chakravorty, S; Rides, M; Allen, C R G; Brown, C S (1996) Polymer melt viscosity increases under pressure - a simple new measurement method. Plast. Rubber Compos. Process. Appl., 25 (5). pp. 260-261.

Chakravorty, S; Rides, M; Allen, C R G; Brown, C S (1996) The pressure dependency of the shear viscosity of polymer melts: an international round robin study. NPL Report. CMMT(A)7

Chu, B; Machin, G (1996) Recent developments in low temperature non-contact thermometry at the NPL. In: TEMPMEKO 96, 6th International symposium on Temperature and Thermal Measurements in Industry and Science, 10 - 12 September 1996, Torino, Italy.

Chu, B; Machin, G (1996) An evaluation of infrared thermometers by the intercomparison of standard blackbody sources. In: TEMPMEKO 96, 6th International symposium on Temperature and Thermal Measurements in Industry and Science, 10 - 12 September 1996, Torino, Italy.

Clarke, F J J (1996) Infrared regular reflectance standards from NPL. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2776. pp. 184-195.

Clarke, F J J (1996) Infrared standards for system calibration. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2775. pp. 6-17.

Clarke, R N; Ide, J P; Orford, G R; Ridler, N M (1996) Draft EAL procedure for the assessment of vector network analysers (VNA). Technical Report.

Cox, M G; Harris, P M; Milton, M J T; Woods, P T (1996) Method for evaluating trends in ozone concentration data and its application to data from the UK Rural Ozone Monitoring Network. In: Advanced mathematical tools in metrology III, 25-28 September 1996, Singapore.

Cumpson, P J (1996) Angle-resolved XPS and AES: Developments in modelling for reliable, practical quantification. In: Proc. 6th European conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis, May 1996.

Cumpson, P J; Seah, M P (1996) Contamination and cleaning of a platinum alloy: models and measurements of the build up of carbonaceous and mercury contamination. In: Proc. 6th European conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis (ISBN 0471958999), May 1996.

Cumpson, P J; Seah, M P (1996) Stability of reference masses IV: growth of carbonaceous contamination on platinum-iridium alloy surfaces, and cleaning by UV/ozone treatment. Metrologia, 33 (6). pp. 507-532.

Cumpson, P J; Seah, M P; Spencer, S J (1996) Simple procedure for precise peak maximum estimation for energy calibration in AES and XPS. Surf. Interface Anal., 24 (10). pp. 687-694.

D

Damerell, G (1996) Assessment of simple models of the Cracking of Coatings Strained under tension. NPL Report. CMMT(A)39

Davenport, A J; Holland, P E; Woods, P T; Milton, M J T (1996) Summary of comparisons of gas standards between NPL and NIST. NPL Report. COEM 20

Davis, J A (1996) Delay stability measurements made within a two-way time transfer system using satellite ranging from several locations. In: 10th European Frequency and Time Forum, 5 - 7 March 1996, Brighton, UK.

Davis, J A; Lewandowski, W*; De Young, J A*; Kirchner, D*; Hetzel, P*; Parker, A; Klepczynski, W*; de Jong, G*; Söring, A*; Baumont, F*; Bartle, K A; Ressler, H*; Robnik, R*; Veenstra, L* (1996) Comparison of two-way satellite time and frequency transfer and GPS common-view time transfer during the intelsat field trial. In: 10th European Frequency and Time Forum, 5-7 March 1996, Brighton, UK.

Dean, G (1996) Proposals for a revision of ISO 11403-1: comparable multipoint data: Part 1 Mechanical properties. In: Proc. Euradh '96, September 1996, Cambridge.

Dean, G; Duncan, B C; Adams, R*; Thomas, R*; Vaughn, L* (1996) An evaluation of bulk and joint specimen tests for determining the shear properties of adhesives. In: Proc. Euradh '96, September 1996, Cambridge.

Dean, J C J; Woods, S A; Bowles, N E (1996) A second intercomparison of 222Rn measurement systems in European laboratories. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 47. pp. 835-840.

Dowson, S P (1996) Sound level meters - specification standards and testing. Institute of Acoustics, 21 (2). pp. 5-8.

Drake, A E; Jasko, T M* (1996) Coercivity measurements on high permeability nickel-iron alloys using a modified NPL vibrating coil magnetometer. IEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Technol., 143 (3). pp. 171-172.

DuSautoy, A R (1996) The UK primary standard calorimeter for photon beam absorbed dose measurement. Phys. Med. Biol., 41. pp. 137-152.

Duane, S; McEwen, M R (1996) Calibration techniques for radiotherapy. Radmagazine, 22 (256). p. 38.

Duncan, B C; Dean, G (1996) Test methods for determining shear property data for adhesives suitable for design. Part 1: Notched-beam shear (Iosipescu) and notched-plate shear (Arcan) methods for bulk and joint test specimens. Part A: Summary. Technical Report. CMMT(B)55

Duncan, B C; Dean, G; Tomlins, P E (1996) Tensile testing of bulk and thin film adhesives. In: EURADH '96 - 3rd European Adhesion Conference, September 1996, Cambridge, UK.

Durant, N M; Fox, N P (1996) Evaluation of solid-state detectors for ultraviolet radiometric applications. Metrologia, 32 (6). pp. 505-508.

E

Edwards, C S; Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Rodriguez-Llorente, F*; Rowley, W R C (1996) Frequency-stabilised diode lasers in the visible region using Doppler-free iodine spectra. Opt. Commun.,, 132. pp. 94-100.

Edwards, C S; Barwood, G P; Gill, P; Rodriguez-Llorente, F*; Rowley, W R C (1996) Stability measurement of 637nm extended cavity diode lasers stabilised to Doppler-free iodine spectra. In: Proc. Fifth symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, 1996, Singapore.

Edwards, G J; Levick, A P; Xie, Z (1996) Laser emissivity free thermometry (left). In: TEMPMEKO 96, 6th International symposium on Temperature and Thermal Measurements in Industry and Science, 10 - 12 September 1996, Torino, Italy.

Evans, H E* (1996) Methods of predicting oxide spallation and the influence of substrate geometry. NPL Report. CMMT(A)22

F

Flowers, J L; Bickley, C J; Josephs-Franks, P W; Petley, B W (1996) Optical pumping of helium-3 at 0.6 T (for proton moment measurement). In: Proc. Conference Digest on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, 17-21 June 1996, Braunschweig, Germany.

Fox, N P; Chunnilall, C J; Harrison, N J; Hartree, W S (1996) High accuracy characterisation and applications of filter radiometers. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2815. pp. 32-41.

Fox, N P; Haycocks, P R; Martin, J E; Ul-Haq, I (1996) A mechanically cooled portable cryogenic radiometer. Metrologia, 32 (6). pp. 581-584.

Fox, N P; Prior, T R; Theocharous, E; Mekhontsev, S N* (1996) Solid-state detectors for infrared radiometry. Metrologia, 32 (6). pp. 609-613.

G

Gardiner, T; Milton, M J T; Molero, F*; Woods, P T (1996) Infrared DIAL measurements with injection-seeded OPO. In: Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, 1996.

Gee, M G (1996) Final report and recommendations: project AM4, development of measurement methods for the characterisation of the high stress behaviour of piezoelectric, electrostrictive and magnetostrictive materials. NPL Report. CMMT(A)37

Gee, M G; McCormick, N J (1996) 3D topography measurement of ceramics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)35

Gee, M G; Roebuck, B; Lindahl, P*; Andren, H-O* (1996) Constituent phase nanoindentation of WC/Co and Ti(C,N) hardmetals. Mater. Sci. Eng., A209. pp. 128-136.

Gee, M G; Stewart, M (1996) Actuate SMT project. Contract SMT4-CT95-2029. First report. NPL Report. CMMT(A)43

Gibbs, D R; Duncan, F J; Lambe, R P; Goodman, T M (1996) Ageing of materials under intense UV radiation. Metrologia, 32 (6). pp. 601-607.

Gill, P; Klein, H A; Roberts, M; Rowley, W R C; Taylor, P (1996) Absolute measurement of the 2S1/2 - 2D5/2 411nm interval, and the search for the 2S1/2 - 2F7/2 467nm transition in laser-cooled trapped 172Yb+. In: Proc. Fifth symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, 1996, Singapore.

Gille, G*; Leitner, G*; Roebuck, B (1996) Sintering behaviour and properties of WC-Co hardmetals in relation to the WC power properties. In: PM96 European Conference on Advances in Hard Materials Production, 27-28 May 1996, Stockholm, Sweden,.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (1996) Savitzky and Golay differentiation in AES. Appl. Surf. Sci., 93 (3). pp. 273-280.

Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (1996) Static SIMS: a study of damage in polymers. Surf. Interface Anal., 24 (11). pp. 746-762.

Griffiths, A J; Turnbull, A (1996) Impact of coupling to carbon steel on hydrogen uptake and cracking of duplex stainless steel in oilfield environments. In: Proc. 11th European conference on fracture, 1996, EMAS, West Midlands.

Griffiths, A J; Turnbull, A (1996) Impact of long term exposure on corrosion fatigue crack growth of low alloy steels. In: Proc. CORROSION 96, NACE, 1996, Houston, Texas.

H

Hanes, P; Dowson, S P (1996) Pattern evaluation and periodic verification of sound calibrators. In: Proc. Internoise 96, July 1996, Liverpool.

Hanes, P; Dowson, S P (1996) Pattern evaluation and periodic verification of sound calibrators. Proc. Inst. Acoust., 18 (7). pp. 19-22.

Hanson, A; Taylor, J A F (1996) The use of colorimeters in high quality measurements of visual displays. In: Proc. CIE Expert symposium 96, Colour standards for Image Technology,, 1996.

Hartland, A; Kibble, B P; Chua, S W; Bohacek, J* (1996) Low-frequency measurements of the quantized Hall resistance. In: 1996 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, 17-21 June 1996, Braunschweig, Germany.

Head, D I (1996) Recent measurements of the Deuterium triple point at NPL. In: TEMPMEKO 96, 6th International symposium on Temperature and Thermal Measurements in Industry and Science, 10 - 12 September 1996, Torino, Italy.

Hehir, S* (1996) Secure-EDI workshop report. NPL Report. CISE 7/96

Henderson, L C A; Thompson, R (1996) The NPL 10V Josephson junction array voltage standard. In: 1996 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, 17-21 June 1996, Braunschweig, Germany.

Hitchens, L*; Wickham, M*; Hunt, C (1996) Ageing properties of organic solderable preservatives. NPL Report. CMMT(A)41

Hodge, C (1996) Proceedings of the GNSS 2 workshop: The frontiers of time and frequency measurement. NPL Report. QM 123

Hodge, C; Davis, J A (1996) Timing options and frequency control concepts for meeting user requirements with the second-generation global navigation satellite system (GNSS2). In: Tenth European Frequency and Time Forum, Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1996, London.

Hodge, C; Davis, J A; Gallop, J C; Allan, D W*; Ashby, N*; Bedrich, S*; Cutler, L S*; Hahn, J*; Nau, H*; Kern, R H*; Lewandowski, W*; Maleki, L*; Vessot, R F C* (1996) Towards 10 millimetre real-time position determination and 30 picosecond time-transfer capability with the next-generation of global navigation satellite systems (GNSS). In: Proc. ION GPS-96, Session DI: GNSS and WAAS Architects, 17 - 20 September 1996, Kansas City, Missouri, USA.

Hondros, E D*; Seah, M P; Hofmann, S*; Lejcek, P* (1996) Interfacial and surface microchemistry. In: Physical Metallurgy (4th Edition). Elsevier Science, pp. 1201-1289.

Humphreys, D A (1996) Accurate wavelength calibration for optical spectrum analysers. Tech. Digest Opt. Fibre Meas. (904). pp. 97-100.

Hunt, C (1996) The influence of solderability on reliability in Electronic Assemblies. NPL Report. CMMT(A)47

J

Jarvis, D (1996) Methods for determining the pressure sensitivity of working standard microphones - a report on Euromet project A311. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)010

Jarvis, D (1996) Methods for the pressure calibration of working standard microphones. Acta Acustica, 82 (Suppl ). S175.

Jarvis, D (1996) Use of a coupled microphone simulator to compare measurements of electrical transfer impedance in the reciprocity calibration of microphones - Euromet project A312. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)008

Jarvis, D; Galloway, P C M; McNeill, H A (1996) Future transducer technology advances in acoustics - a strategy for the UK National Measurement System. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)014

K

Klevenhagen, S C*; Aukett, R J*; Harrison, R M*; Moretti, C; Nahum, A E*; Rosser, K E (1996) The IPEMB Code of Practice for the determination of absorbed dose for X-rays below 300kV generating potential (0.035mm Al-4mm Cu HVL; 10-300kV generating potential. Phys. Med. Biol., 41 (12). pp. 2605-2625.

L

Lambe, R P (1996) Potential pitfalls when using luxmeters, and implications of lighting level on the relative efficiency of light sources. In: Proc. LIGHTEC 96, 9 - 12 September 1996.

Langham, C D; Gallop, J C (1996) Performance of a cryogenic sapphire dielectric resonator. In: Tenth European Frequency and Time Forum, Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1996.

Lea, S N; Gill, P (1996) Proposed infra-red to visible frequency chain at NPL. In: Proc. Fifth symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, 1996, Singapore.

Lewis, S L; Havard, D C (1996) History of Kilogram 18 and other important UK reference mass. NPL Report. MOT 1

Liang, W; Alexander, M J; Nye, J F* (1996) Measuring patch array antennas by an optically modulated scatterer. In: 1996 Conference Digest on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM), 17 - 21 June 1996, Braunschweig, Germany.

Lorang, G*; Langeron, J P*; Seah, M P (1996) 'In situ' preparation and characterisation (AES, XPS) of thin thermal oxide films as material standards for an AES data bank. In: ECASIA 95, European Conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis, 1996.

Lord, J D; Gee, M G (1996) A review of methods for measuring small dimensional change due to thermal exposure in MMC and CMC. NPL Report. CMMT(A)14

M

Machin, G; McEvoy, H C; Boyes, S J (1996) A realisation of the palladium point at the NPL. In: TEMPMEKO 96, 6th International symposium on Temperature and Thermal Measurements in Industry and Science, 10 - 12 September 1996, Torino, Italy.

Machin, G; Rocolfi, T*; Battuello, M*; Negro, G*; Jung, H-J*; Bloembergen, P*; Bosma, R*; Ivarsson, J*; Weckstrom, T* (1996) Comparison of the ITS-90 using a transfer standard infrared radiation thermometer between seven EU national measurement institutes. Metrologia, 33 (3). pp. 197-206.

Makepeace, J L (1996) Intercomparison of internal proportional gas counting of 85Kr and 3H. Metrologia, 33. p. 93.

Martin, J E; Thwaite, C* (1996) Absolute radiometry in space using a cryogenic mechanical cooler. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2814. pp. 18-29.

Martin, N A; Swann, N R W; Driskell, N T*; Allott, T P*; Noyes, P A*; Bell, W; Paton Walsh, C; Woods, P T (1996) Final report to the British Council. Measurement of stratospheric ozone depletion and air pollution using tunable diode lasers. NPL Report. QM 120

Martin, N A; Swann, N R W; Driskell, N T*; Allott, T P*; Noyes, P A*; Bell, W; Paton Walsh, C; Woods, P T (1996) Final report to the EC (NPL contribution), contract no. EV5V-93- 0350. Ground based atmospheric trace gas measurements by tunable laser heterodyne spectrometry in the mid-infrared. NPL Report. QM 121

Martin, N A; Woods, P T; Bell, W; Paton Walsh, C; Gardiner, T; Swann, N R (1996) The development and utilisation of advanced remote monitoring techniques for atmospheric measurements. NPL Report. QM 127

Martin. J E, (1996) ARMS: Absolute radiometric measurements in space. Eur. Space Agency Spec. Publ., 385. pp. 359-362.

Martin. J E, (1996) An absolute radiation detector. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2815. pp. 11-21.

McCartney, L N (1996) Generalised framework for the prediction of ply cracking in any symmetric laminate subject to general in-plane loading. NPL Report. CMMT(A)51

McCartney, L N (1996) Stress transfer mechanics for angle-ply laminates. In: ECCM-7 7th European Conference on Composite Materials, 14 - 16 May 1996, London, UK.

McCartney, L N (1996) Stress transfer mechanics for ply cracks in general symmetric laminates. NPL Report. CMMT(A)50

McCartney, L N (1996) Stress transfer mechanics: models that should be the basis of life prediction methodology. ASTM STP- 'Life prediction methodology for Titanium Matrix Composites', 1253. pp. 85-113.

McCartney, L N (1996) Validation of models for the prediction of the thermal expansion coefficients for fibre reinforced titanium composites. NPL Report. CMMT(A)56

McCormick, N J; Morrell, R (1996) 3D finite element analysis of ceramic test-pieces. Technical Report.

McCormick, N J; Roebuck, B (1996) A technique for the simulation of hardmetal microstructures. NPL Report. CMMT(A)10

McEvoy, H C; Chattle, M V; Butler, J (1996) Comparison of temperature scale maintained on platinum resistance thermometers with the NPL radiance temperature scale. Metrologia, 33. pp. 353-362.

McEvoy, H C; Machin, G; Fox, N P; Theocharous, E; Hassan, I S* (1996) An ingaas radiation thermometer for temperature scale realisation. In: TEMPMEKO 96, 6th International symposium on Temperature and Thermal Measurements in Industry and Science, 10 - 12 September 1996, Torino, Italy.

McEvoy, H C; Raven, K M; Pokhodoun, A I*; Matveyev, M S* (1996) NPL - VNIIM intercomparison of tungsten ribbon lamps. In: TEMPMEKO 96, 6th International symposium on Temperature and Thermal Measurements in Industry and Science, 10 - 12 September 1996, Torino, Italy.

McEwen, M R; Williams, A J (1996) Measurement of electron depth-dose distribution in water and determination of Linac beam energy. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)011

Medley, J C (1996) Towards traceability for adaptor measurements. In: Proc. 25th ARMMS Conference, 31 October - 1 November 1996, Bath.

Medley, J C; Ridler, N M (1996) ANAMET 962 dial gauge comparison exercise. Technical Report.

Medley, J C; Ridler, N M (1996) Analysing multidimensional measurement comparison data containing occasional erratic points. In: 1996 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM), 17 - 21 June 1996, Braunschweig, Germany.

Medley, J C; Ridler, N M (1996) Assessing the quality of an estimated value - Part 2: the median absolute deviation. Technical Report.

Medley, J C; Ridler, N M (1996) Data analysis game. In: 25th Automated RF and Microwave Measurements Society (ARMMS) Conference, 31 October - 1 November 1996.

Milton, M J T (1996) Atmospheric pollution measurements by DIAL. In: 1996 CLEO/Europe, 8-13 September 1996, Hamburg, Germany.

Milton, M J T (1996) Requirements for gas standards in the waste management industry. NPL Report. QM 125

Mohandas, P*; Head, D I; Rusby, R L (1996) A powdered CMN thermometer for high accuracy measurements in the range 0.01 to 1K. Czech. J. Phys., LT21 Proc.,, 46 (Supple). pp. 2867-2868.

Morrell, R (1996) Measuring elastic properties of advanced technical ceramics - A review. NPL Report. CMMT(A)42

Morrell, R (1996) Standardized guidelines for fractography of advanced ceramics - a view from Europe. Ceramic Transactions, 64. pp. 71-90.

Morrell, R (1996) Traceability calibrating the 'Grindosonic', for impact excitation modulus measurement. NPL Report. CMMT(A)36

Morrell, R; Newland, B G*; Stamenkovich, I*; Wasche, R* (1996) VAMAS technical report 23. Technical working area 14. A unified classification system for advanced technical ceramics. Testing and demonstrating the VAMAS classification scheme. Summary of issues in manual coding of commercial products. Final report. Technical Report.

N

Naismith, O F; Siebert, B R L* (1996) Manual for SPKTBIB: a pc-based catalogue of neutron spectra. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)005

Naismith, O F; Thomas, D J (1996) MCNP calculation of neutron scatter in the main bay of the Chadwick building, NPL. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)004

Nettleton, D H (1996) Reduction of the background thermal radiation input to a cryogenic radiometer for the measurement of a spectrally filtered continuum source. Metrologia, 32 (6). pp. 575-579.

Nye, J F*; Liang, W (1996) Theory and measurement of the field of a pyramidal horn. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 44 (11). pp. 1488-1498.

O

Olusanya, A (1996) Experimental methods for the assessment of the cure of an adhesive. In: EURADH '96 - 3rd European Adhesion Conference, September 1996, Cambridge, UK.

Olusanya, A (1996) A comparison of techniques for measuring the flow properties of one component filled epoxy adhesives. NPL Report. CMMT(A)19

Olusanya, A; Hall, M; Tilbury, S*; Gibbs, P (1996) The use of "Taguchi" statistical analysis to improve manufacturing processes using adhesive bonding. In: EURADH 96 - European Ahesion Conference, September 1996, Cambridge, UK.

P

Partridge, R H; Alphonso, D; Brookes, C; Butterfield, D M; D'Souza, H (1996) Multicomponent reference gas mixtures for the measurement of total organic carbon emissions from combustion sources. NPL Report. QM 118

Paton Walsh, C; Woods, M J; Sephton, J P; Woods, S A; Lucas, S E M; Rossiter, M J; Williams, T T; Bass, G A (1996) 131I diagnosis and therapy capsules and low dose rate 125I and 137Cs brachytherapy sources. Calibration of the NPL secondary standard radionuclide calibrator. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A, Accel. Spectrom. Detec. Assoc. Equip., 369 (2-3). pp. 703-708.

Payne, R C; Simmons, D (1996) Measurement uncertainties in the determination of the sound power level and emission sound pressure level of machines. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)007

Payne, R C; Simmons, D (1996) Measurement uncertainties in the determination of the sound power level of machines. In: Proc. Internoise 96, July 1996, Liverpool.

Payne, R C; Simmons, D (1996) An investigation into the measurement of the environmental correction factor used in the determination of the sound power level and emmision sound pressure level of machines. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)009

Petley, B W (1996) The mole and the unified atomic mass unit. Metrologia, 33 (3). pp. 261-264.

Picard, S*; Razet, A*; Edwards, C S; Rodriguez-Llorente, F* (1996) Calculation of hyperfine structure constants of the 127I2 R(39) 7-4 transition at 637nm. Metrologia, 33. pp. 569-571.

Prokhorov, A V*; Chunnilall, C J; Fox, N P; Mekhontsev, S N*; Sapritsky, V I* (1996) Optimization of filter radiometer spectral response. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2815. pp. 145-153.

Pugh, N J; Dinsdale, A T (1996) MTDATA handbook: binary module. Technical Report.

Q

Quested, P N (1996) The provision of data for reliable solidification modelling. In: Proc. Ensuring the highest quality and reliability in light alloy castings, Institute of British Foundrymen, 28-29 October 1996, Sutton Coldfield.

Quested, P N; Brooks, R F; Richardson, M J; Day, A; Mills, K C (1996) The physical properties of alloys relevant to spray forming. In: 3rd Int. Conference on Spray Forming 'Total Technology for Advanced Materials', 1996, Cardiff.

Quincey, P (1996) VAM and gas analysis. Analytical Communications - Royal Society of Chemistry, 33 (1). pp. 41-42.

Quinn, T J*; Martin. J E, (1996) Total radiation measurements of thermodynamic temperature. Metrologia, 33. pp. 375-381.

R

Read, B E (1996) Generation of creep data for injection-moulded plastics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)24

Read, B E; Tomlins, P E (1996) Creep and physical ageing of injection moulded, fibre reinforced polypropylene. NPL Report. CMMT(A)21

Read, B E; Tomlins, P E (1996) Time-dependent deformation of polypropylene in response to different stress histories. NPL Report. CMMT(A)16

Reynard, K W* (1996) Classification and designation systems for materials. A report on the present situation, an inventory of the systems in use, and comments on the future possibilities. Technical Report.

Rides, M (1996) Effect of pressure-volume-temperature behaviour of polymer melts on extrudate swell measurements. NPL Report. CMMT(A)13

Rides, M (1996) Industrial need for extensional viscoelasticity measurements. NPL Report. CMMT(A)38

Rides, M (1996) Numerical simulation of the extrudate swell behaviour of polymer melts. NPL Report. CMMT(A)31

Rides, M; Allen, C R G (1996) Capillary extrusion rheometry intercomparison using polyethylene and glass-fibre filled polypropylene melts: measurement of shear viscosity and entrance pressure drop. NPL Report. CMMT(A)25

Rides, M; Allen, C R G (1996) Rheological measurements of polymer melts for characterisation and modelling material behaviour. NPL Report. CMMT(A)20

Rides, M; Allen, C R G (1996) Round robin for parallel plate oscillatory rheometry using polyethylene and polypropylene melts. NPL Report. CMMT(A)11

Rides, M; Allen, C R G; Chakravorty, S (1996) Review of extensional viscoelasticity measurement techniques for polymer melts. NPL Report. CMMT(A)44

Rides, M; Dean, G (1996) Evaluation of mould designs for preparing standard plate specimens of plastics by injection moulding. NPL Report. CMMT(A)30

Ridler, N M (1996) ANAMET - a progress report. In: 24th Automated RF Microwave and Measurements Society (ARMMS) Conference, April 1996, Windermere, Cumbria, UK.

Ridler, N M (1996) Evaluating the uncertainty in measurements - general principles. IEE Colloq. Dig. (No. 96). 1/1-1/4

Ridler, N M (1996) How much variation should we expect from coaxial connector dial gauge measurements. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M (1996) New words for new ideas - a look at some of the terminology recommended for expressing measurement uncertainty. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M (1996) The uncertainty in the median. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M; Medley, J C (1996) ANAMET comparison of reflection coefficient measurements at RF. In: Proc. 25th ARMMS Conference, 31 October - 1 November 1996, Bath.

Ridler, N M; Medley, J C (1996) Comparison of ANA s-parameter measurements in X-band waveguide. In: 24th Automated RF and Microwave Measurements Society (ARMMS) Conference, April 1996, Windermere, Cumbria, UK.

Ridler, N M; Medley, J C (1996) Improving the traceability of coaxial impedance measurements at lower RF in the UK. IEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Technol., 143 (4). pp. 241-245.

Ridler, N M; Medley, J C (1996) Making a good estimate of a vector quantity. Technical Report.

Ridler, N M; Medley, J C (1996) A comparison of microwave reflection and transmission measurements in rectangular waveguide. In: Advances in metrology and its role in quality improvement and global trade, Narosa Publishing House, February 1996, New Delhi.

Robinson, G M (1996) Second NPL analysis of the distortion of pressure balances as part of EUROMET project 256. NPL Report. MOT 6

Robinson, I A; Kibble, B P (1996) Measuring Planck's constant and monitoring the kilogram at NPL. In: 1996 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements, 17-21 June 1996, Braunschweig, Germany.

Robinson, S P; Doré, G R; Zhang, J*; Humphrey, V F* (1996) A collaborative project to develop new reference hydrophones for the frequency range 100-500 kHz. In: 3rd European Conference on Underwater Acoustics, June 1996, Heraklion, Greece.

Robinson, S P; Doré, G R; Zhang, J*; Humphrey, V F*; Derell, O*; Larsen, M* (1996) A collaborative project to develop new reference hydrophones for the frequency range 100-500kHz. In: Proc. 3rd European Conference on Underwater Acoustics, Fourth-IACM, June 1996, Crete.

Roebuck, B (1996) Bend strength measurements for hardmetals international prestandardisation collaborative activity (VAMAS). Part 1 - Rationale and results. Technical Report.

Roebuck, B (1996) Magnetic moment measurements on Hardmetals. Int. J. Refrac. Met. Hard Mat., 14 (Januar). pp. 419-424.

Roebuck, B (1996) Tensile tests for discontinuously reinforced metal matrix composites. Technical Report.

Roebuck, B (1996) Uncertainties in the measurement of partially recrystallised microstructures. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)001

Roebuck, B; Gee, M G (1996) Miniaturised thermomechanical tests on hardmetals and cermets. Mater. Sci. Eng., 209. pp. 358-365.

Roebuck, B; Gee, M G (1996) Miniaturised thermomechanical tests on hardmetals and cermets. Mater. Sci. Eng.A, Struct. Mater., Prop. Microstruct., Process., 209 (1-2). pp. 358-362.

Roebuck, B; Gee, M G; Morrell, R (1996) Developments in testing and mechanical properties of hard materials. Powder Metall., 39 (3). pp. 213-218.

Roebuck, B; Lord, J D (1996) Standardisation of high temperature tensile tests for discontinuously reinforced metal matrix composites. NPL Report. CMMT(MN)002

Roebuck, B; Orkney, L P; Stewart, M; Varma, R K; Lord, J D (1996) Hot axisymmetric uniaxial compression tests, preliminary studies through a UK interlaboratory comparison. NPL Report. CMMT(A)28

Rosser, K E (1996) Measurement of absorbed dose to water for medium energy X-rays. Med. Phys., 23 (12). p. 2093.

Rosser, K E (1996) Measurement of absorbed dose to water for medium energy X-rays. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)006

Rusby, R L; Hudson, R P*; Durieux, M*; Grohmann, K*; Jung, H-J*; Steur, P P M*; Nicholas, J V* (1996) Status of thermodynamic thermometry. Rev. Gen. Therm., 35. pp. 338-343.

Rusby, R L; Kempson, M* (1996) Cryogenic temperature measurement. Rev. Gen. Therm., 35. pp. 338-343.

S

Sakuma, F*; Sakate, H*; Carol Johnson, B*; Gibson, C*; Machin, G; Rocolfi, T*; Battuello, M*; Fischer, J*; Jung, H-J* (1996) International comparison of temperature scales among five metrological laboratories using a transfer standard radiation thermometer. Metrologia, 33. pp. 241-248.

Seah, M P (1996) Quantitive AES. IV. Accuracy of the numerical evaluation of peak areas in AES using the Universal Tougaard Background Subtraction method. Surf. Interface Anal., 24 (12). pp. 830-838.

Seah, M P (1996) Standards for surface analysis: a clash between bureaucracy and science? Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A, 354 (1719). pp. 2765-2780.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S (1996) High resolution digital Auger database of true spectra for Auger electron spectroscopy intensities. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 14 (3). pp. 1401-1407.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S (1996) A high resolution digital Auger database of true spectra for AES intensities. J. Vac. Sci. Technol., 14. pp. 1401-1407.

Seah, M P; Gilmore, I S; Cumpson, P J; Langeron, J P*; Lorang, G* (1996) An absolute high resolution digital Auger electron reference databases. In: ECASIA 95, European Conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis, 1996.

Severn, I; Raymond, N M (1996) The assignment of values to NPL's 1 kg standards following the third periodic verification of prototype kilograms. NPL Report. MOT 2

Sharpe, P H G S; Rajendran, K; Sephton, J P (1996) Progress towards an alanine/ESR therapy level reference dosimetry service at NPL. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 47 (11-12). pp. 1171-1175.

Shaw, A; Preston, R C; Bacon, D R (1996) Perfusion corrections for ultrasonic heating in non-perfused media. Ultrasound Med. Biol., 22 (2). pp. 203-216.

Shipley, D R (1996) Corrections to air kerma rate measurements of 137Cs environmental sources for free space conditions. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)013

Shipley, D R; Duane, S (1996) Heat loss mechanisms in a measurement of specific heat capacity of graphite. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)003

Sims, G D; Payne, D R; Ferriss, D H (1996) Analysis and experimental validation of structural element test methods. In: ECCM-7 7th European Conference on Composite Materials, 14-16 May 1996, London, UK.

Smith, A J A; Roddie, A G; Henderson, D (1996) Electro-optic sampling of low temperature GaAs pulse generators for oscilloscope calibration. Opt. Quantum Electron., 28 (July). pp. 933-943.

Stedman, M; Franks, A; Luty, M (1996) Measurement of the microthrust of the field emission electric propulsion unit. In: Proc. 2nd European spacecraft propulsion conference, 1996.

Stevens, M; Armitage, D (1996) Uncertainty evaluation of the NPL standard humidity generator. NPL Report. MOT 7

Stevens, R F (1996) Lens arrays, photography and other applications. In: Proc. SPIE, international conference on high speed photography and photonics, 27 October 1996 - 1 November 1996, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Stewart, M (1996) Measurement methods for investigating degradation in piezoelectric ceramics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)33

Stewart, M (1996) Reference materials for measurements on piezoelectric ceramics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)32

Stewart, M (1996) Round-robin exercise on the measurement of electromechanical properties of piezoelectric ceramics. NPL Report. CMMT(A)34

Stubenrauch, C F*; Newell, A C*; Repjar, A G*; MacReynolds, K*; Tamura, D T*; Larsen, F H*; Lemanczyk, J*; Behe, R*; Portier, G*; Zehren, J C*; Hollmann, H*; Hunter, J D*; Gentle, D G; de Vreede, J P M* (1996) International intercomparison of horn gain at X-band. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 44 (10). pp. 1367-1373.

Szczygiel, B; Kelly, G P* (1996) Further issues in EDI security. NPL Report. CISE 10/96

T

Theocharous, E; Fox, N P; Prior, T J (1996) A comparison of the performance of infrared detectors for radiometric applications. Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 2815. pp. 56-58.

Thwaites, D I*; Burns, D T; Klevenhagen, S C*; Nahum, A E*; Pitchford, W G* (1996) The IPEMB code of practice for electron dosimetry for radiotherapy beams of initial energy from 2 to 50 MeV based on an air kerma calibration. Phys. Med. Biol., 41. pp. 2557-2604.

Tomlins, P E (1996) The dimensional stability of moulded parts: a review of The Science Base. NPL Report. CMMT(A)52

Tomlins, P E; Read, B E (1996) Creep and physical ageing of polypropylene: A comparison of models. NPL Report. CMMT(A)23

Turnbull, A; Dietzel, W*; Griffiths, A J (1996) Prenormalisation research in environment assisted cracking. In: Corrosion Standards II, National European and International Standards, 1990-1995, 1996, Institute of Materials.

Turnbull, A; Falla, N*; Smith, A*; White, D* (1996) Accelerated weathering of UPVC. NPL Report. CMMT(A)45

Turnbull, A; Falla, N*; White, D R*; Winter, T* (1996) Limitations of plasma erosion as an ultrafast weathering technique. Polym. Test., 15. pp. 455-466.

Turnbull, A; Ferris, D H (1996) Modelling of the hydrogen distribution at a crack tip. Mater. Sci. Eng.A, Struct. Mater., Prop. Microstruct., Process., 206 (1). pp. 1-13.

Turnbull, A; Griffiths, A J (1996) Implications of hydrogen uptake and transport for EAC testing and interpretation of results. Br. Corros. Jnl., 31 (1). pp. 39-43.

Turnbull, A; White, D R* (1996) Nanoindentation and microindentation of weathered UPVC. J. Mater. Sci., 31. pp. 4189-4198.

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Verrill, J F (1996) Daylight, by any other name. Ligh. Equip. News (June). p. 8.

W

White, M G*; Fox, N P; Ralph, V E (1996) The characterisation of a high temperature blackbody as the basis for the NPL spectral irradiance scale. Metrologia, 32 (6). pp. 431-434.

Williams, R G (1996) Interim report SM&T Framework III project 3032 - calibration panels for thermal transmittance of glazed assemblies. NPL Report. QM 122

Williams, R G; Harris, R* (1996) Department of the Environment, partners in technology, technical infrastructure programme. Validation of thermal performance design tools for window frame construction: an independent verification by agreed measurement procedures. Report on phase 1 - comparison between the measured and simulated U-values of three window systems comprising a thermally broken aluminium frame, a PVC-U frame and a hardwood frame. NPL Report. QM 119

Woods, M J; Hedley, R P* (1996) IRMF intercomparison of calibration of large area reference sources and portable alpha and beta surface contamination monitors 1993/4 - Part 1. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)002

Woods, M J; Jerome, S M (1996) NPL interlaboratory comparisons as an indicator of performance values and quality of uncertainty estimates. ESARDA Bull. (27). p. 35.

Woods, M J; Jerome, S M (1996) Radioactivity standards, reference materials, traceability and quality - The role of the National Physical Laboratory. ESARDA Bull. (27). p. 43.

Woods, M J; Jerome, S M; Dean, J C J; Perkin, E M E (1996) A review of NPL environmental radioactivity measurement intercomparison exercises: 1989-95. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 47 (9-10). pp. 971-979.

Woods, M J; Keightley, J D; Ciocanel, M (1996) Intercomparison of 67Ga solution sources in UK hospitals, 1996. NPL Report. CIRA(EXT)012

Woods, M J; Lucas, S E M (1996) Half-life of 90Sr - measurement and critical review. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., A369 (2-3). pp. 534-538.

Woods, M J; Munster, A S; Sephton, J P; Lucas, S E M; Paton Walsh, C (1996) Calibration of the NPL secondary standard radionuclide calibrator for 32P, 89Sr and 90Y. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., A329 (2-3). pp. 698-702.

Woods, P T; Partridge, R H; Milton, M J T; Quincey, P (1996) Gas standards and calibration techniques for measurements of air quality, occupational exposure and industrial emission. ESARDA Bull., 27. p. 47.

Woods, S A; Makepeace, J L; Woods, M J; Woods, D H; Bowles, N E; Keightley, J D (1996) Measurement and evaluation of nuclear data. Technical Report.

Woods, S A; Woods, D H; Woods, M J; Jerome, S M; Burke, M; Bowles, N E; Keightley, J D (1996) Standardisation and measurement of the decay scheme data of 243Am and 239Np. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., A369 (2-3). pp. 472-476.

Woolf, A; Brown, C S (1996) Protocol for the prediction of creep of plastic components. NPL Report. CMMT(A)26

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