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Effects of fast x-ray cone-beam tomographic measurement on dimensional metrology

Rossides, C; Towsyfyan, H; Biguri, A; Deyhle, H; Lindroos, R; Mavrogordato, M; Boardman, R; Sun, W; Blumensath, T (2022) Effects of fast x-ray cone-beam tomographic measurement on dimensional metrology. Metrologia, 59 (4). 044003

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Abstract

X-ray computed tomography (XCT) is increasingly used for dimensional metrology, where it can offer accurate measurements of internal features that are not accessible with other techniques. However, XCT scanning can be relatively slow, which often prevents routine uptake for many applications. This paper explores the feasibility of improving the speed of XCT measurements whilst maintaining the quality of the dimensional measurements derived from reconstructed volumes. In particular, we compare two approaches to fast XCT acquisition, the use of fewer XCT projections as well as the use of shortened x-ray exposure times for each projection. The study shows that the additional Poisson noise produced by reducing the exposure for each projection has significantly less impact on dimensional measurements compared to the artefacts associated with strategies that take fewer projection images, leading to about half the measurement error variability. Advanced reconstruction algorithms such as the conjugate gradient least squares method or total variation constrained approaches, are shown to allow further improvements in measurement speed, though this can come at the cost of increased measurement bias (e.g. 2.8 % increase in relative error in one example) and variance (e.g. 25 % in the same example).

Item Type: Article
Keywords: : x-ray tomography, dimensional metrology, conjugate gradient least squares, total variation constraints, iterative reconstruction
Subjects: Engineering Measurements > Dimensional
Divisions: Materials and Mechanical Metrology
Identification number/DOI: 10.1088/1681-7575/ac7926
Last Modified: 17 May 2023 13:10
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/9724

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