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EURAMET.QM-S6 / 1195: Bilateral comparison of liquefied hydrocarbon mixtures in constant pressure (piston) cylinders.

Brown, A S; Downey, M L; Milton, M J T; van der Veen, A M H*; Zalewska, E T*; Li, J* (2013) EURAMET.QM-S6 / 1195: Bilateral comparison of liquefied hydrocarbon mixtures in constant pressure (piston) cylinders. NPL Report. AS 76

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Traceable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures are required in order to underpin measurements of the composition and other physical properties of LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) and LNG (liquefied natural gas), thus meeting the needs of an increasingly large European industrial market.

The development of traceable liquid hydrocarbon standards by National Measurement Institutes (NMIs) was still at a relatively early stage at the time this comparison was proposed in 2011. NPL and VSL, who were the only NMIs active in this area, had developed methods for the preparation and analysis of such standards in constant pressure (piston) cylinders, but neither laboratory had Calibration and Measurement Capabilities (CMCs) for these mixtures.

This report presents the results of EURAMET 1195, the first comparison of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures between NMIs, which assessed the preparation and analytical capabilities of NPL & VSL for these mixtures. The comparison operated between August 2011 and January 2012. Each laboratory prepared a liquid hydrocarbon standard with nominally the same composition and these standards were exchanged for analysis.

The results of the comparison show a good agreement between the laboratories' results and the comparison reference values for the six components with amount fractions greater than 1.0 cmol/mol (propane, propene, iso-butene, n-butane, iso-butane and 1-butene). Measurement of the three components with lower amount fractions (1,3-butadiene, iso-pentane and n-pentane) proved more challenging. In all but one case, the differences from the comparison reference values for these three components were greater than the expanded measurement uncertainty.

Item Type: Report/Guide (NPL Report)
NPL Report No.: AS 76
Keywords: hydrocarbon, LPG, LNG, comparison, liquid
Subjects: Analytical Science
Analytical Science > Gas Standards
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:14
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/5846

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