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A comparison of two methods for phase response calibration of hydrophones in the frequency range 10 kHz - 400 kHz.

Hayman, G; Wang, Y B*; Robinson, S P (2013) A comparison of two methods for phase response calibration of hydrophones in the frequency range 10 kHz - 400 kHz. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 133 (2). pp. 750-759.

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Abstract

A comparison is made of two methods for determining the phase response of hydrophones in the kilohertz frequency range: The three-transducer spherical-wave reciprocity method and the method of optical interferometry. The implementation of the methods and the corresponding experimental systems are described. To facilitate a comparison, the methods are used to determine the phase response of three commercially available measuring hydrophones over the frequency range from 10 to 400 kHz. The results are compared, showing agreement within the estimated uncertainties of the methods. An investigation is conducted into the sources of uncertainties in the methods which increase with frequency. The major sources of uncertainty are residual positioning errors giving rise to phase uncertainties; a significant problem for the reciprocity method is that it requires one hydrophone to be rotated during the measurement procedure. An additional source of uncertainty at higher frequencies may be present if the position of the sensing element is not central within the outer hydrophone boot.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: hydrophone, phase calibration, underwater acoustics
Subjects: Acoustics
Acoustics > Underwater Acoustics
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:14
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/5724

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