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Determination of the effect of transfer between vacuum and air on mass standards of platinum-iridium and stainless steel.

Davidson, S (2010) Determination of the effect of transfer between vacuum and air on mass standards of platinum-iridium and stainless steel. Metrologia, 47 (4). pp. 487-497.

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Abstract

This paper reports work undertaken to assess the change in the mass values of stainless steel and platinum-iridium weights transferred between air and vacuum and to determine the repeatability of this change. Sets of kilogram transfer standards, manufactured from stainless steel and platinum-iridium and with different surface areas, were used to determine the effect of transfer between air and vacuum on the values of the mass standards. The SI unit of mass is the only one of the seven base SI units which is still determined in terms of an artefact rather than by relation to a fundamental physical constant. Work is underway to identify a means of deriving the SI unit of mass from fundamental constants and at present the two principal approaches are the International Avogadro Coordination (IAC) and the watt balance projects. Both of these approaches involve realising a kilogram in vacuum and therefore the traceability from a kilogram defined in vacuum to mass standards in air is crucial to the effective dissemination of the mass scale. The work reported here characterises the changes in mass standards on transfer between air and vacuum and thus will enable traceability to be established for an in-air mass scale based on a definition of the unit in vacuum.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Mass, Kilogram, Standard, Vacuum
Subjects: Engineering Measurements
Engineering Measurements > Mass, Force, Pressure
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:15
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/4734

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