< back to main site


A new equation for the accurate calculation of sound speed in all oceans.

Leroy, C C*; Robinson, S P; Goldsmith, M J (2008) A new equation for the accurate calculation of sound speed in all oceans. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 124 (5). pp. 2774-2782.

Full text not available from this repository.


A new equation is proposed for the calculation of sound speed in seawater as a function of temperature, salinity, depth and latitude in all oceans and open seas, including the Baltic and the Black sea. The proposed equation agrees to better than ±0.2 m/s with two reference complex equations, each fitting the best available data corresponding to existing waters of different salinities. The only exceptions are isolated hot brine spots that may be found at the bottom of some seas. The equation is of polynomial form, with 14 terms, and coefficients of between one and three significant figures. This is a substantial reduction in complexity compared to the more complex equations using pressure that need to be calculated according to depth and location. The equation uses the 1990 universal temperature scale (an elementary transformation is given for data based on the 1968 temperature scale). It is hoped that the equation will be useful to those who need to calculate sound speed in applications of marine acoustics.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: ocean acoustics, sound speed
Subjects: Acoustics
Acoustics > Underwater Acoustics
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:15
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/4256

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item