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Validation of primary hydrophone calibrations by inter-laboratory comparisons and by independent calibration methods.

Robinson, S P; Theobald, P D (2008) Validation of primary hydrophone calibrations by inter-laboratory comparisons and by independent calibration methods. In: Proceedings of 9th ECUA2008 (Acoustics08), 29 June - 4 July 2008, Paris, France.

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Abstract

A description is presented of two approaches which may be used to validate primary calibration methods for hydrophones and transducers. Firstly, a comparison may be made with another independent absolute calibration method, preferably one based on a different physical principle (and therefore with few common sources of uncertainty). Secondly, an inter-laboratory comparison of calibrations may be undertaken between different institutes operating at a similar level. This paper describes the results of such exercises for free-field calibration of hydrophones in the range from 1 kHz to 500 kHz. Firstly, two independent calibration methods are compared: the three-transducer reciprocity method and a method based on optical interferometry. The differences observed in the results are typically less than 0.5 dB, which is of the same order as the overall uncertainties of each of the methods. Secondly, the results are shown of a recent international comparison of hydrophone calibrations involving institutes from Canada, China, Germany, Russia, South Africa, UK, and USA. Here, the agreement was generally within quoted uncertainties, the results generally lying within a ±0.5 dB band for frequencies up to 300 kHz. A discussion is given of the general sources of uncertainties in the calibrations.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Keywords: Underwater Acoustics, hydrophone, calibration
Subjects: Acoustics
Acoustics > Underwater Acoustics
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:15
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/4200

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