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A validated physical model of the thermoelectric drift of Pt-Rh thermocouples above 1200 °C

Pearce, J V (2020) A validated physical model of the thermoelectric drift of Pt-Rh thermocouples above 1200 °C. Metrologia, 57 (2). 025009 ISSN 0026-1394

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Abstract

Pt and Rh oxide vapour transport is thought to dominate the thermoelectric drift of Pt-Rh thermocouples above about 1200 °C. A simple model is presented which relates the electromotive force (emf) drift rate of Pt-Rh thermoelements to the vapour pressure of Pt and Rh oxides. The model assumes that the evaporation of these oxides gives rise to a continuously changing concentration of Pt and Rh, at different rates along the length of the wires, which causes a change in the Seebeck coefficient. The model has been tested by comparison with high precision measurements of the thermoelectric drift of a Pt-Rh thermocouple assembly consisting of five thermoelements, repeatedly exposed to the melting of a Co-C high temperature fixed point (1324 °C) for a total duration of 500 hours. By considering various thermocouples of different compositions, it is demonstrated that the calculated drift rate is proportional to the measured drift rate, which represents a validation of the model.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: thermocouple, Pt-Rh, thermoelectric drift, calibration
Subjects: Engineering Measurements > Thermal
Divisions: Engineering
Identification number/DOI: 10.1088/1681-7575/ab71b3
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2020 14:58
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/8741

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