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Investigation of γ-γ coincidence counting using the National Nuclear Array (NANA) as a primary standard

Collins, S M; Shearman, R; Keightley, J D; Regan, P H (2018) Investigation of γ-γ coincidence counting using the National Nuclear Array (NANA) as a primary standard. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 134. pp. 290-296. ISSN 09698043

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Abstract

The National Physical Laboratory has recently been in the process of commissioning a multi-detector γ ray array - the National Nuclear Array (NANA). In this study we have sought to exploit the NANA and the excellent timing characteristics of its intrinsic LaBr3(Ce) scintillation detectors for use as a primary standardisation system. For this initial investigation, the absolute standardisation of 60Co has been performed by the γ-γ coincidence technique using NANA and the result compared to the established 4π(LS)-γ Digital Coincidence Counting (DCC) system. The effect of the angular correlation of the stretched E2 transitions emitted from the states of 60Ni on the activity determined by NANA was observed between the pairs of detectors. Corrections for these angular correlations were derived through Monte Carlo simulations. An activity per unit mass by NANA of 330.8 (10) kBq g−1 for the 60Co solution was determined. There was no significant statistical difference between the results of NANA and the 4π(LS)-γ DCC, with a relative difference of 0.04% observed. This study shows that NANA can be used as a primary standard.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Nuclear Decay; Primary standardisation
Subjects: Ionising Radiation > Radioactivity
Divisions: Chemical, Medical & Environmental Science
Identification number/DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2017.07.056
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2018 14:18
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/7981

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