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Insights into Self-Poisoning during Catalytic Hydrogenation on Platinum Surfaces using ATR-IR Spectroelectrochemistry

Wain, A J; O'Connell, M A; Attard, G A (2018) Insights into Self-Poisoning during Catalytic Hydrogenation on Platinum Surfaces using ATR-IR Spectroelectrochemistry. ACS Catalysis, 8 (4). pp. 3561-3570.

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Attenuated total reflection infrared (ATR-IR) spectroscopy has been combined with electrochemical methods to investigate molecular decomposition and self-poisoning processes on platinum surfaces under the conditions of catalytic hydrogenation. In aqueous 0.1 M H2SO4 the alpha-keto ester ethyl pyruvate (EP) is found to decompose on polycrystalline platinum electrodes to yield surface-adsorbed CO but the observed behavior is highly dependent on the electrode potential, a parameter intimately linked to the surface-adsorbed hydrogen coverage. In the potential range -0.2 V to -0.4 V (vs mercury/mercurous sulfate electrode) where the hydrogen coverage is negligible, CO is readily produced at the platinum surface along with other molecular fragments but the decomposition process becomes inhibited at high EP solution concentrations. At -0.5 V only very low coverages of CO are observed due to competing hydrogen adsorption at Pt(100) step sites which most favor EP decomposition. At more negative potentials, during the onset of catalytic EP hydrogenation, CO is generated rapidly but other intermediates or products are not observed in the ATR-IR spectra. Together these observations suggest two different mechanisms of EP decomposition, the first occurring directly upon EP adsorption and the second occurring after a single hydrogen atom transfer under hydrogen rich conditions. This ability to control substrate decomposition by tuning the surface hydrogen coverage may be used as a potential route to mitigating catalyst poisoning and deactivation during hydrogenation reactions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Advanced Materials > Electrochemistry
Divisions: Engineering, Materials & Electrical Science
Identification number/DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.8b00492
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2018 10:26
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/7969

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