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Structural, chemical and electrical characterisation of conductive graphene-polymer composite films.

Brennan, B; Spencer, S; Belsey, N A; Faris, T*; Cronin, H*; Silva, S R P*; Sainsbury, T; Gilmore, I S; Stoeva, Z*; Pollard, A J (2017) Structural, chemical and electrical characterisation of conductive graphene-polymer composite films. Appl. Surf. Sci., 403. pp. 403-412.

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Graphene poly-acrylic and PEDOT:PSS nanocomposite films were produced using two alternative commercial graphene powders to explore how the graphene flake dimensions and chemical composition affected the electrical performance of the film. A range of analytical techniques, including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS), were employed to systematically analyse the initial graphene materials as well as the nanocomposite films. Electrical measurements indicated that the sheet resistance of the films was affected by the properties of the graphene flakes used. To further explore the composition of the films, ToF-SIMS mapping was employed and provided a direct means to elucidate the nature of the graphene dispersion in the films and to correlate this with the electrical analysis. These results reveal important implications for how the dispersion of the graphene material in films produced from printable inks can be affected by the type of graphene powder used and the corresponding effect on electrical performance of the nanocomposites. This work provides direct evidence for how accurate and comparable characterisation ofthe graphene material is required for real-world graphene materials to develop graphene enabled films and proposes a measurement protocol for comparing graphene materials that can be used for international standardisation.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: graphene, composite, SIMS, characterisation, printed film
Subjects: Nanoscience
Nanoscience > Surface and Nanoanalysis
Divisions: Chemical, Medical & Environmental Science
Identification number/DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.01.132
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2018 13:42
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/7452

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