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HadISDH land surface multi-variable humidity and temperature record for climate monitoring.

Willett, K M*; Dunn, R J H*; Thorne, P W*; Bell, S A; de Podesta, M; Parker, D E*; Jones, P D*; Williams, C N* (2014) HadISDH land surface multi-variable humidity and temperature record for climate monitoring. Climate of the Past, 10 (6). pp. 1983-2006.

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Abstract

HadISDH.2.0.0 is the first gridded, multi-variable humidity and temperature climate-data product that is homogenised and annually updated. It provides physically consistent estimates for specific humidity, vapour pressure, relative humidity, dew point temperature, wet bulb temperature, dew point depression and temperature. It is a monthly-mean gridded (5° by 5°) product with uncertainty estimates that account for spatio-temporal sampling, climatology calculation, homogenisation and irreducible random measurement effects. It provides a unique tool for the monitoring of a variety of humidity-related variables which have different impacts and implications for society. HadISDH.2.0.0 is shown to be in good agreement both with other estimates where they are available, and with theoretical understanding. The dataset is available from 1973 to the present.

The theme common to all variables is of a warming world with more water vapour present in the atmosphere. The largest increases in water vapour are found over the tropics and Mediterranean. Over the tropics and high northern latitudes the surface air over land is becoming more saturated. However, despite increasing water vapour over the mid-latitudes and Mediterranean, the surface air over land is becoming less saturated. These observed features may be due to atmospheric circulation changes, land-sea warming disparities and reduced water availability or changed land surface properties.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Measurements
Engineering Measurements > Thermal
Identification number/DOI: 10.5194/cp-10-1983-2014
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:14
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/6561

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