< back to main site


Electron flood gun damage effects in 3D secondary ion mass spectrometry imaging of organics.

Havelund, R; Seah, M P; Shard, A G; Gilmore, I S (2014) Electron flood gun damage effects in 3D secondary ion mass spectrometry imaging of organics. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 25 (9). pp. 1565-1571.

Full text not available from this repository.


Electron flood guns used for charge compensation in secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) cause chemical degradation. In this study, the effect of electron flood gun damage on argon cluster depth profiling is evaluated for poly(vinylcarbazole), 1,4-bis((1-naphthylphenyl)amino)biphenyl and Irganox 3114. Thin films of these three materials are irradiated with a range of doses from a focused beam of 20 eV electrons used for charge neutralization. SIMS chemical images of the irradiated surfaces show an ellipsoidal damaged area, approximately 3 mm in length, created by the electron beam. In depth profiles obtained with 5 keV Ar2000+ sputtering from the vicinity of the damaged area, the characteristic ion signal intensity rises from a low level to a steady state. For the damaged thin film, the ion dose required to sputter through the thin film to the substrate is higher than for undamaged areas. It is shown that a damaged layer is formed and this has has a sputtering yield that is reduced by up to an order of magnitude and that the thickness of the damaged layer, which increases with the electron dose, can be as much as 20 nm for Irganox 3114. The study emphasizes the importance of minimizing the neutralizing electron dose prior to the analysis.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: SIMS, secondary ion mass spectrometry, depth profiling, flood gun
Subjects: Nanoscience
Nanoscience > Surface and Nanoanalysis
Identification number/DOI: 10.1007/s13361-014-0929-5
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:13
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/6305

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item