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Measurement of nitrogen dioxide diffusive sampling rates for Palmes diffusion tubes using a controlled atmosphere test facility (CATFAC).

Martin, N A; Helmore, J J; White, S*; Snook, I L B; Parish, A*; Gates, L S* (2014) Measurement of nitrogen dioxide diffusive sampling rates for Palmes diffusion tubes using a controlled atmosphere test facility (CATFAC). Atmos. Environ., 94. pp. 529-537.

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Abstract

We report measurements of the 28 day NO2 diffusive sampling rates for seven designs of Palmes diffusion tubes (PDTs), which were exposed in a controlled atmosphere test facility (CATFAC) containing traceable concentrations of nitrogen dioxide, nitric oxide and water vapour under defined conditions of temperature (20 ºC) and wind speed. One of the aims of the work was to implement low cost modifications to the conventional open tube PDT design, using either meshes or filters. This would potentially reduce some of the undesirable bias effects due to wind, which may lead to an over estimation of the NO2¬ concentration. Exposure tests in the CATFAC were carried out over a wide concentration range applicable to ambient monitoring, and also over a range of wind speeds at a constant concentration. For a given PDT design the measured NO2 diffusive sampling rates were found to be effectively constant over the conditions tested. These rates were then applied to NO2 field measurements carried out at a monitoring station in central London, and three of the modified PDT designs were found to deliver improved repeatability and spread over the conventional open tubes.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Test atmosphere, Diffusive sampling rates, Nitrogen dioxide, Wind effects, Palmes diffusion tubes
Subjects: Analytical Science
Analytical Science > Gas Standards
Identification number/DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.05.064
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:13
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/6304

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