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A low noise preamplifier with optoelectronic overload protection for radioactivity measurement.

Sephton, J P; Williams, J M; Johansson, L C; Phillips, H C (2012) A low noise preamplifier with optoelectronic overload protection for radioactivity measurement. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 70 (9). pp. 2047-2050.

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Abstract

Pulses from detectors used for radioactivity measurement can vary in size by several orders of magnitude. Large pulses will lead to saturation at the preamplifier output and extension of the pulse length. As a consequence, the dead time of the system increases and pulses may be lost. Electronic design techniques employed to protect against overloading tend to increase the amplifier noise level. However, an optoelectronic method of overload protection has been devised which has only a negligible effect on noise. An infrared light emitting diode interfaced to the output of the preamplifier is linked by fibre optic cable to an ultra low leakage photodiode at the input. The conduction of the photodiode increases with the amplitude of the preamplifier output signal. Excess current is thereby prevented from entering the preamplifier and causing saturation. The preamplifier has been tested on 4 pi beta-gamma and gas counting systems and found to give good protection against overloading.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Radioactivity measurement, overload protection, preamplifier, amplifier, radio frequency, optoelectronics
Subjects: Ionising Radiation
Ionising Radiation > Radioactivity
Identification number/DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2012.02.069
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:14
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/5593

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