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A simple approach for measuring emission patterns of vapor phase mercury under temperature-controlled conditions from soil.

Kim, K H*; Yoon, H O*; Jung, M C*; Oh, J M*; Brown, R J C (2012) A simple approach for measuring emission patterns of vapor phase mercury under temperature-controlled conditions from soil. Scientific World Journal, 2012. 940413

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Abstract

In an effort to study the possible effects of climate change on the behavior of atmospheric mercury (Hg), we built a temperature¿controlled microchamber system to measure its emission from top soils. To this end, mercury vapour emission rates were investigated in the laboratory using top soil samples collected from an urban area. The emissions of Hg, when measured as a function of soil temperature (from ambient levels up to 70ºC at increments of 10ºC), showed a positive correlation with rising temperature. According to the continuous analyses of the Hg vapor given off by the identical soil samples, evasion rate diminished noticeably with increasing number of repetitions. The experimental results, if examined in terms of activation energy (Ea), showed highly contrasting patterns between the single and repetitive runs. Although the results of the former exhibited Ea values smaller than the vaporization energy of Hg (i.e., <14 Kcal mol-1), those of the latter increased systematically with increasing number of repetitions. As such, it is proposed that changes in the magnitude of Ea values can be used as a highly sensitive criterion to discriminate the important role of vaporization from other diverse (biotic/abiotic) processes occurring in the soil layer.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Analytical Science
Analytical Science > Trace Analysis and Electrochemistry
Identification number/DOI: 10.1100/2012/940413
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2018 14:33
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/5591

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