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A microwave resonance dew-point hygrometer.

Underwood, R J; Cuccaro, R*; Bell, S A; Gavioso, R M*; Ripa, D M*; Stevens, M; de Podesta, M (2012) A microwave resonance dew-point hygrometer. Meas. Sci. Technol., 23 (8). 085905

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We report the first measurements of a microwave resonator used as a dew-point hygrometer. In conventional dew-point hygrometers, the condensation of water from humid gas flowing over a mirror is detected optically, and the mirror surface is then temperature-controlled to yield a stable condensed layer. In our experiments we flowed moist air from a humidity generator through a quasi-spherical resonator and detected the onset of condensation by measuring the frequency ratio of selected microwave modes. We verified the basic operation of the device over the dew-point range 9.5 °C to 13.5 °C by comparison with calibrated chilled-mirror hygrometers. These tests indicate that the microwave method may allow a quantitative estimation of the volume and thickness of the water layer which is condensed on the inner surface of the resonator.
The experiments reported here are preliminary due to the limited time available for the work, but show the potential of the method for detecting not only water but a variety of other liquid or solid condensates. The robust all-metal construction should make the device appropriate for use in industrial applications over a wide range of temperatures and pressures.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Hygrometry, dew point, microwave resonator, condensation detection, surface layers, quasispherical resonator
Subjects: Engineering Measurements
Engineering Measurements > Thermal
Identification number/DOI: 10.1088/0957-0233/23/8/085905
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:14
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/5523

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