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Microstructural characterization of oxide scales formed on steels P91 and P02.

Mogire, E O*; Higginson, R L*; Fry, A T; Thomson, R C* (2011) Microstructural characterization of oxide scales formed on steels P91 and P02. Mater. High Temp., 28 (4). pp. 361-368.

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In this paper, an in-depth study of steam oxidation of two 9Cr ferritic-martensitic steels (P91 and P92), for advanced power plant, has been carried out. The steels investigated were exposed to a 100% flowing steam environment at 650°C for 1,000 - 3,000 hours. Metallographic analysis showed a multilayered scale was formed on both substrates consisting of an outer Fe-rich phase and inner Fe - Cr spinel, of varying oxide stoichiometry, as well as Cr - Mn-rich bands. The results of scale thickness measurements showed that the oxide formed on the P92 steel was thicker compared to that on the P91 steel. Crystallographic analysis showed that the P91 steel exhibited a martensite to ferrite transformation adjacent to scale - substrate interface which was not observed on the P92 steel. The outer oxide layer on both substrates exhibited a region of equiaxed grains followed by a region of columnar crystal growth. However, on the P91 steel the longer exposure time (3,000 hours) resulted in the outer layer having a region with coarsened equiaxed magnetite grains. The roles of alloying elements (Cr, Mo, W and Mn) were investigated to provide a better understanding of the oxide growth behaviour.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Advanced Materials
Advanced Materials > Corrosion
Identification number/DOI: 10.3184/096034011X13193830650089
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:14
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/5303

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