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Low optical power reference detector implemented in the validation of two independent techniques for calibrating photon counting detectors.

Cheung, J Y; Chunnilall, C J; Porrovecchio, G*; Smid, M*; Theocharous, E (2011) Low optical power reference detector implemented in the validation of two independent techniques for calibrating photon counting detectors. Opt. Express, 19 (21). pp. 20347-20363.

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Abstract

We introduce a technique for measuring detection efficiency that is traceable to the primary standard, the cryogenic radiometer, through a reference silicon photodiode trap detector. The trap detector, used in conjunction with a switched integrator amplifier, can measure signals down to the 0.1 pW (3 x 10^5 photons/second) level with 0.1% uncertainty in a total integration time of 300 seconds. This provides a convenient calibration standard for measurements at these levels across the optical spectrum (UV - near IR). A second technique is also described, based on correlated photons produced via parametric down-conversion. This can be used to directly measure detection efficiency in the photon counting regime, and provides a route for expanding the formulation of the candela in terms of photon flux to enable it to address the needs of emerging quantum optical technologies and applications. The two independent techniques were cross-validated by a comparison carried out at 702.2 nm, which showed agreement to within 0.2%.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Photon counting detectors, metrology, correlated photons, detection efficiency
Subjects: Optical Radiation and Photonics
Optical Radiation and Photonics > Few Photon Science
Identification number/DOI: 10.1364/OE.19.020347
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:14
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/5265

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