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Challenges in modelling the evolution of stress corrosion cracking from pits.

Turnbull, A; Horner, D A*; Connolly, B J* (2009) Challenges in modelling the evolution of stress corrosion cracking from pits. Eng. Fract. Mech., 76 (5). pp. 633-640.

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The evolution of stress corrosion cracks from pits is important in many industrial applications but continues to be a challenge in both measurement and prediction. Life prediction in these circumstances has to account for pit growth kinetics, the conditions for the transition from pits to cracks, and the growth rate of cracks in the short and long crack domain. An example of importance is the performance of steam turbine rotors in power generation. Although stress corrosion failures are comparatively rare, the consequences can be severe and occasionally catastrophic. Consequently, considerable effort is being focused on evaluating the effect of operational variables on pitting and crack growth and in developing an improved basis for structural integrity assessment. A preliminary mathematical model based on deterministic equations with statistically variable input parameters was developed for simulating the evolution of the pit depth distribution at different exposure times, and the transformation to stress corrosion cracks was based on the Kondo criteria. The model predicted some features of the damage well but recent novel measurements of the evolution of stress corrosion cracks from pits combined with finite element (FE) analysis of the strain distribution suggest that the transition from a pit to a crack is more complex that can be accounted for by the Kondo approach.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: stress corroison cracking, pits, modelling, tomography
Subjects: Advanced Materials
Advanced Materials > Corrosion
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:15
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/4392

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