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A buoyancy method for the measurement of total ultrasound power generated by HIFU transducers.

Shaw, A (2008) A buoyancy method for the measurement of total ultrasound power generated by HIFU transducers. Ultrasound Med. Biol., 34 (8). pp. 1327-1342.

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Total acoustic output power is a key parameter for most ultrasonic medical equipment and especially for high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) systems, which treat certain cancers and other conditions by the noninvasive thermal ablation of the affected tissue. In planar unfocused fields, the use of a radiation force balance has been considered the most accurate method of measuring ultrasound power. However, radiation force is not strictly dependent on the ultrasound power but, rather, on the wave momentum resolved in one direction. Consequently, measurements based on radiation force become progressively less accurate as the ultrasound wave deviates further from a true plane-wave. HIFU transducers can be very strongly focused with F-numbers less than one: under these conditions, the uncertainty associated with use of the radiation force method becomes very significant. In this article, a new method for determining power is described in detail. Instead of radiation force, the new method relies on measuring the change in buoyancy caused by thermal expansion of castor oil inside a target suspended in a water bath. The change in volume is proportional to the incident energy and is independent of focusing or the angle of incidence of the ultrasound. The principles and theory behind the new method are laid out and the characteristics and construction of an appropriate target are examined and the results of validation tests are presented. The uncertainties of the method are calculated to be approximately 3.4% in the current implementation, with the potential to reduce these further. The new technique has several important advantages over the radiation force method and offers the potential to be an alternative primary standard method.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: HIFU, ultrasound ultrasound power, radiation force
Subjects: Acoustics
Acoustics > Ultrasound
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:15
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/4239

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