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Analysis of natural gas by gas chromatography reduction of correlated uncertainties by normalisation.

Brown, A S; Milton, M J T; Cowper, C J*; Squire, G D*; Bremser, W*; Branch, R W* (2004) Analysis of natural gas by gas chromatography reduction of correlated uncertainties by normalisation. Journal of Chromatography A, 1040 (2). pp. 215-225.

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Abstract

The results of gas chromatographic analysis of natural gas mixtures reveal strong correlations (Pearson correlation coefficient of >0.96) between the uncertainty of each component and variations in the ambient pressure. Although correction for ambient pressure variations can reduce this variability, normalisation of the results of each analysis using the assumption that the sum of all component amount fractions is unity provides significantly greater reductions in the uncertainty of each measured component. We show that the uncertainty in normalised components can be estimated approximately using the correlation coefficient as a measure of the correlation present in the measurements, or exactly using a full calculation of the variance/covariance (V/C) structure of the data.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: variance, covariance, alkanes
Subjects: Analytical Science
Analytical Science > Trace Analysis and Electrochemistry
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2018 12:48
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/2961

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