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Hydration state diagnosis in fractal flow-field based polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells using acoustic emission analysis

Bethapudi, V.S.; Hack, J.; Trogadas, P.; Hinds, G.; Shearing, P.R.; Brett, D.J.L.; Coppens, M.-O. (2020) Hydration state diagnosis in fractal flow-field based polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells using acoustic emission analysis. Energy Conversion and Management, 220. 113083 ISSN 01968904

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Abstract

Techniques for evaluating water management are critical to diagnose the performance of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). Acoustic emission as a function of polarisation (AEfP) has been recently introduced as a non-invasive, non-destructive method to analyse the water generation and removal inside a PEMFC during polarisation. AEfP was shown to provide unique insight into water management within a conventional PEMFC and correlating it to cell performance. Here, AEfP is used to characterise the performance of fractal PEMFCs by evaluating the hydration conditions inside them. This is achieved by probing the water dynamics inside two different fractal flow-field based PEMFCs, namely 1-way and 2-way fractal PEMFCs, and measuring the corresponding acoustic activity generated from them. AEfP is performed on the fractal PEMFCs under relatively humid (70% RH) and fully humidified (100% RH) reactant relative humidity (RH) conditions. Flooding in the 2-way fractal PEMFC, as opposed to the 1-way fractal PEMFC, is demonstrated under different operating conditions by the relatively higher acoustic activity it generates. Corroborating evidence of flooding in the 2-way fractal flow-field under different conditions is provided by its polarisation curves, impedance tests and galvanostatic (current hold) measurements.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Acoustic emission; Acoustic activity; Fractal; Flooding; Water management; Non-destructive testing; Fuel cell
Subjects: Advanced Materials > Fuels Cells
Divisions: Electromagnetic & Electrochemical Technologies
Identification number/DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113083
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2020 14:36
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/8984

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