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The watt or Kibble balance: a technique for implementing the new SI definition of the unit of mass.

Robinson, I A; Schlamminger, S* (2016) The watt or Kibble balance: a technique for implementing the new SI definition of the unit of mass. Metrologia, 53 (5). A46-A74

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Abstract

The redefinition of the SI unit of mass in terms of a fixed value of the Planck constant has been made possible by the Kibble balance, previously known as the watt balance. Once the new definition has been adopted, the Kibble balance technique will permit the realisation of the mass unit over a range from milligrams to kilograms. We describe the theory underlying the Kibble balance and practical techniques required to construct such an instrument to relate a macroscopic physical mass to the Planck constant with an uncertainty, which is achievable at present, in the region of 2 parts in 10^8. A number of Kibble balances have either been built or are under construction and we compare the principal features of these balances.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Measurements
Engineering Measurements > Mass, Force, Pressure
Identification number/DOI: 10.1088/0026-1394/53/5/A46
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:13
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/7262

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