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On the actual mixed potential in direct methanol fuel cells.

Zago, M*; Bisello, A*; Baricci, A*; Rabissi, C*; Brightman, E; Hinds, G; Casalengno, A* (2016) On the actual mixed potential in direct methanol fuel cells. J. Power Sources, 325. pp. 714-722.

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Methanol crossover is one of the most critical issues hindering commercialization of direct methanol fuel cells since it leads to waste of fuel, lowers system efficiency, and significantly affects cathode potential, forming a so-called mixed potential. Unfortunately, due to the sluggish anode kinetics, it is not possible to obtain a reliable estimation of cathode potential by simply measuring the cell voltage. In this work we address this limitation, quantifying the mixed potential by means of innovative open circuit voltage (OCV) tests with a methanol-hydrogen mixture fed to the anode. Over a wide range of operating conditions, the resulting cathode overpotential is between 0.25 V and 0.43 V and is strongly influenced by methanol crossover. We show using combined experimental and modelling analysis of cathode impedance that the methanol oxidation reaction at the cathode mainly follows an electrochemical pathway. Finally, reference electrode measurements at both cathode inlet and outlet provide a local measurement of cathode potential at the interface with the diffusion layer, confirming the reliability of the innovative OCV tests and permitting the evaluation of cathode potential up to typical operating current densities. At 0.25 A cm-2 the operating cathode potential is around 0.85 V and the Ohmic drop through the catalyst layer is almost 50 mV, which is comparable to that in the membrane.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: cathode, DMFC, impedance, mixed potential, reference electrode
Subjects: Advanced Materials
Advanced Materials > Fuels Cells
Identification number/DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.06.093
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:13
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/7181

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