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Nanostructured p-n junctions for kinetic-to-electrical energy conversion.

Briscoe, J*; Stewart, M; Vopson, M; Cain, M G; Weaver, P M; Dunn, S* (2012) Nanostructured p-n junctions for kinetic-to-electrical energy conversion. Adv. Energy Mater., 2 (10). pp. 1261-1268.

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Piezoelectric ZnO nanorods grown on a flexible substrate are combined with the p-type semiconducting polymer PEDOT:PSS to produce a p-n junction device that successfully demonstrates kinetic-to-electrical energy conversion. Both the voltage and current output of the devices are measured to be in the range of 10 mV and 10 µAcm 2. Combining these figures for the best device gives a maximum possible power density of 0.4 mWcm 3. Systematic testing of the devices is performed showing that the voltage output increases linearly with applied stress, and is reduced significantly by illumination with super-band gap light. This provides strong evidence that the voltage output results from piezoelectric effects in the ZnO. The behaviour of the devices is explained by considering the time-dependent changes in band structure resulting from the straining of a piezoelectric material within a p-n junction. It is shown that the rate of screening of the depolarisation field determines the power output of a piezoelectric energy harvesting device. This model is consistent with the behaviour of a number of previous devices utilising the piezoelectric effect in ZnO.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: energy harvesting, piezoelectric, ZnO nanorods
Subjects: Advanced Materials
Advanced Materials > Functional Materials
Identification number/DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201200205
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:14
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/5613

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