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Clays for polymeric nanocomposites.

Utracki, L A; Broughton, W R; Gonzalez-Rojano, N*; de Carvalho, L H*; Achete, C A* (2011) Clays for polymeric nanocomposites. Polym. Eng. Sci., 51 (3). pp. 559-572.

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We discuss test methods and results for determining individual clay platelets shape, size, size distribution, elemental composition, and impurities. Commercial sodium salt varieties of natural, semisynthetic and synthetic clay (Cloisite1-Naþ, Somasif ME-100, and Topy-Naþ, respectively) were analyzed. In this international collaboration, eight laboratories on three continents carried out the work within the VAMAS TWA-33 activities. There are large differences between the three nanofillers as far as: (1) the platelet orthogonal dimensions, (2) chemical composition, and (3) contaminants (their diversity and quantity) are concerned. Elaborate purification of natural clays leaves behind 2-5 wt% of organic and mineral impurities, whose nature, shape, size, and chemistry depend on the clay origin. These contaminants affect nanocomposite performance, thus controlling their composition and quantity is essential. The article describes the developed methods, summarizes the preliminary results, discusses the encountered difficulties, and proposes methods for solving them.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Clay, elemental composition, polymeric nanocomposites, particle size
Subjects: Advanced Materials
Advanced Materials > Composites
Identification number/DOI: 10.1002/pen.21807
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:14
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/4899

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