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Trapped ion optical clocks.

Margolis, H S (2009) Trapped ion optical clocks. Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics, 172. pp. 97-107.

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A single laser-cooled ion confined in a radiofrequency ion trap comes close to the spectroscopic ideal of an absorber at rest in a perturbation-free environment. Narrow optical transitions in such systems are therefore very promising for the realisation of optical frequency standards with accuracy several orders of magnitude higher than current microwave primary frequency standards. When combined with femtosecond optical frequency combs, these standards can be operated as optical clocks generating a direct microwave output, raising the possibility of a future redefinition of the SI second. In this article, the fundamental aspects and current state-of-the-art of trapped ion optical clocks are reviewed, and the improvements that are likely to occur over the next few years are considered.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: optical frequency standards, optical clocks
Subjects: Time and Frequency
Time and Frequency > Optical Frequency Standards and Metrology
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:15
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/4426

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