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On the validity of acidity function extrapolation to zero added ionic strength and its impact on the uncertainty of primary pH measurements using the Harned cell.

Brown, R J C; Brewer, P J; Milton, M J T (2013) On the validity of acidity function extrapolation to zero added ionic strength and its impact on the uncertainty of primary pH measurements using the Harned cell. Measurement, 46 (5). pp. 1726-1733.

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Abstract

The determination of pH is the most commonly made analytical measurement throughout the world and the vast majority of these measurements are made to fulfil quality assurance and control requirements where traceability is required. Therefore, primary measurements of pH are essential to establish traceability to the agreed definition of this important quantity and disseminate this traceability to end users. The extrapolation of the acidity function to zero added ionic strength is an essential step in the Harned cell methodology for primary pH measurement. This approach relies on a number of solution chemistry approximations. Potential limitations of the current extrapolation method including possible non-linearity, and the validity of some approximations derived from solution chemistry, are reviewed and explored. Implications for the uncertainty of pH measurements using the Harned cell are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Analytical Science
Analytical Science > Trace Analysis and Electrochemistry
Identification number/DOI: 10.1016/j.measurement.2013.01.007
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2018 10:47
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/5801

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