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Cluster ion beam profiling of organics by secondary ion mass spectrometry - does sodium affect the molecular ion intensity at interfaces.

Green, F M; Gilmore, I S; Seah, M P (2008) Cluster ion beam profiling of organics by secondary ion mass spectrometry - does sodium affect the molecular ion intensity at interfaces. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 22 (12). pp. 4178-4182.

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Abstract

The use of cluster ion beam sputtering for depth profiling organic materials is of growing technological importance and is a very active area of research. At the 44th IUVSTA workshop on Sputtering and Ion Emission by Cluster Ion Beams, recent results were presented of a cluster ion beam depth profile of a thin organic molecular layer on a silicon wafer substrate. Those data showed that the intensity of molecular secondary ions is observed to increase at the interface and this was explained in terms of the higher stopping power in the substrate and a consequently higher sputtering yield and even higher secondary ion molecular sputtering yield. An alternative hypothesis was postulated in the workshop discussion which may be paraphrased as: "under primary ion bombardment of an organic layer, mobile ions such as sodium may migrate to the interface with the inorganic substrate and this enhancement of the sodium concentration increases the ionisation probability, so increasing the molecular ion yield observed at the interface". It is important to understand if measurement artefacts occur at interfaces for quantification as these are of great technological relevance - for example the concentration of drug in a drug delivery system. Here, we evaluate the above hypothesis using a sample that exhibits regions of higher and lower sodium concentration at both the organic surface and the interface with the silicon wafer substrate. There is no evidence to support the hypothesis that the molecular secondary ion ionisation probability is related to the sodium concentration at these levels.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: SIMS, organic depth profiling, cluster profiling, C60 profiling, contamination, sodium migration
Subjects: Nanoscience
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 13:15
URI: http://eprintspublications.npl.co.uk/id/eprint/4292

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